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Yoma 86

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 2] KOL SHE'HU MI'LO SISA UL'MATAH - any Mitzvah that is less stringent than "Lo Sisa"

2) [line 5] B'CHOREV - when Moshe was begging for forgiveness for the sin of the golden calf while he was standing on Mount Sinai

3) [line 5] "V'NAKEH [LO YENAKEH]" - "He clears the sins of those who repent [and does not clear the sins of those who do not repent]" (Shemos 34:7)

4) [line 22] "SHUVU, BANIM SHOVAVIM, [ERPAH MESHUVOSEICHEM...]" - "Return, O wayward sons, [and I will heal your waywardness..]" (Yirmeyahu 3:22)

5) [line 27] MEMARKIN - complete atonement
6) [line 27] "U'FAKADETI V'SHEVET PISH'AM; UVI'NGA'IM AVONAM." - "Then I will punish with the rod their transgression, and with plagues their iniquity." (Tehilim 89:33)

7) [line 32] B'ASRA D'LO TAV'EI - in a place where the butchers do not [go to the customers' homes and] ask [for their money]

8) [line 35] V'AVID CHUSHBENA - and they made an accounting
9) [line 35] D'MASGEINA - that I go, walk
10) [line 36] SHE'CHAVEIRAV MISBAISHIN MACHMAS SHEMU'ASO - his colleagues are embarrassed because of the rumors spread about him

11) [line 37] SHARA LEI MAREI L'PELANYA - so-and-so's Master should forgive him
12) [line 39] MASA'O U'MATANO - his business dealings
13) [line 46] MECHO'ARIN - repulsive, indecent
14) [line 47] "[VA'YAVO EL HA'GOYIM ASHER BA'U SHAM VA'YECHALELU ES SHEM KODSHI,] BE'EMOR LAHEM AM HASH-M ELEH, UME'ARTZO YATZA'U." - "[They came among the nations to where they came, and they desecrated My holy name] when it was said of them, 'These are the people of HaSh-m, but they departed from His land.'" (Yechezkel 36:20)


15) [line 5] "...V'AT ZANIS RE'IM RABIM, V'SHOV ELAI, NE'UM HASH-M." - "...Yet you have committed adultery with many lovers, but you may return to Me, says HaSh-m."(Yirmeyahu 3:1)

16) [line 15] "UV'SHUV RASHA ME'RISH'ASO V'ASAH MISHPAT U'TZEDAKAH, ALEIHEM HU YICHYEH." - "And when a wicked man turns away from his wickedness and acts with justice and righteousness, he shall live because of them (in order to continue doing justice and righteousness, as he has started -- Metzudas David)." (Yechezkel 33:19)

17) [line 22] MAKNIT ES CHAVEIRO - angers someone
18) [line 22] MISPAYEIS - he will be appeased
19) [line 26] PAREI CHOVAH - bulls that are offered as obligatory sacrifices, e.g. a Korban Chatas

20) [line 27] "OHAVEM NEDAVAH" - "I will love them gratuitously" (Hoshea 14:5) - A voluntary sacrifice is more readily accepted than an obligatory one.

21) [line 29] RAV RAMI - Rav asks that there seems to be a contradiction between two verses

22) [line 30] "ASHREI NESUY PESHA, KESUY CHATA'AH" - "Fortunate is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered." (Tehilim 32:1)

23) [line 34] "HEN KOL ELEH YIF'AL KEL; PA'AMAYIM SHALOSH IM GAVER." - "Behold, HaSh-m does all these things; even two or three times with one man." (Iyov 33:29) - The Gemara interprets this verse to mean that HaSh-m *forgives* an individual two or three times. The simple meaning of the verse is that when a person sins, HaSh-m arrouses his heart in a dream. If he does not repent, He *afflicts* him with suffering, even two or three times.

24) [line 38] "K'CHELEV SHAV AL KEI'O, [KESIL SHONEH V'IVALTO]." - "Like a dog who returns to [eat] his vomit, [a fool repeats his foolishness]." (Mishlei 26:11)

25) [line 40] NA'ASEIS LO K'HETER - to him it becomes as if it is permissible
26) [line 44] PARNASIM - leaders, guardians
27) [line 45] YIKASEV SURCHANI - my offence should be written
28) [line 47] PAGEI SHEVI'IS - unripe figs of the Shemitah year
29) [line 49] CHANEFIN - hypocrites; sinners who act in public as if they are Tzadikim
30) [line 49] "UV'SHUV TZADIK MI'TZIDKO..." - "And when a righteous person turns away from his righteousness and acts corruptly, I will place a stumbling block before him..." (Yechezkel 3:20) - Rashi explains that the stumbling block is a conspicuous sin that broadcasts his hitherto hidden wickedness.

31) [line 50] TESHUVAS HA'MUCHLATIN - the repentance of notorious sinners
32) [line 51] HA'RASHUS MEKAVERES ES BE'ALEHA - high office buries its occupant (causes premature death)

33) [line 52] L'MEIDAN DINA - to judge a court case
34) [line 52] BI'TZEVU NAFSHEI - Of his own free will
35) [line 52] L'KETALA NAFIK - he (Rav himself) is going out to [perform an action for which he might be punished to] die

36) [line 52] U'TZEVU BEISEI LEIS HU AVID - and the needs (lit. desire) of his household he is not doing (he will not profit from judging the case)

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