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Yoma 81

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 1] SHE'KOSES SE'ORIM - who chews uncooked grains of barley
2) [line 4] SHIZFIN - (O.F. prunes) plums
3) [line 6] DEMEI ETZIM - the value of plums if they are used as firewood

4) [line 18] B'HE'ELEM ECHAD
A He'elem is a period of forgetfulness. If a person sins more than once (for example, if he ate two or more k'Zeisim of Chelev) in one He'elem, and later finds out that he has sinned, he only has to bring one Korban Chatas to atone for his sins.

5) [line 20] TZIR - fish brine
6) [line 20] MURYIS - brine, pickle containing fish-hash and sometimes wine

There is a Mitzvas Aseh for a person to extend the laws that pertain to Yom ha'Kipurim both before and after the actual day of Yom ha'Kipurim (Gemara 81b). The time that is added is known as Tosefes Yom ha'Kipurim. One is not Chayav Kares and does not transgress a Lav for violating the laws of Yom ha'Kipurim during this time period. The Gemara is presently clarifying the source for this.

8) [line 28] ITZUMO SHEL YOM - on Yom ha'Kipurim itself
*9*) [line 35] V'DIN HU, U'MA MELACHAH SHE'NOHEGES... - (this is the Tana's answer to his question of how we know that there is not Azharah for Tosfos Inuy)

10) [line 39] MUFNEH - it (the punishment that is written for Melachah) is free (i.e. it is not necessary for the understanding of the simple meaning of the verse or for any other Derashah, so it may be used to infer a Gezerah Shavah)

11) [line 41] SHE'LO HUTAR MI'CHLALO - there is no exception to the general prohibition of Inuy; [however, there are exceptions to the general prohibition of Melachah (e.g. it is permitted to offer Korbanos in the Beis ha'Mikdash)]

12) [line 46] LAI, AFNUYEI MUFNEH - indeed, the word "Etzem" is certainly free (for inferring a Gezerah Shavah)

13) [line 49] MI'SHABBOS BEREISHIS - from Shabbos, which has been sanctified since creation


*14*) [line 12] (YAMIM TOVIM) MINAYIN? TALMUD LOMAR, TISHBESU - (Rav Papa, who argues learns another Halachah from this verse, holds that Tosfos Melachah on Shabbos and Yom Tov is not mid'Oraisa - HAGAHOS RAV ELAZAR MOSHE HOROWITZ)

15) [line 23] KAS - if one chewed
16) [line 23] PILPELEI - peppercorns
17) [line 24] ZANGEVILA - ginger
18a) [line 31] RETIVTA - moist
b) [line 32] YABESHTA - dry

19) [line 32] HIMALTA - (a) (O.F. letuarie) a medicinal porridge made of herbs and spices (such as ginger) mixed with honey (RASHI); (b) ginger (ARUCH)

20) [line 33] BEI HINDEVA'EI - India (possibly the land of the Kassites in the near East. The Kassites were an ancient dynastic family who lived in Babylonia, and is known to have ruled between 1761 and 1185 BCE)

21) [line 34] ALEI KANIM - (a) leaves of bulrushes; (b) leaves of sugar cane
22) [line 34] LULVEI GEFANIM - (O.F. vedile) tendrils; thin edible branches of the grape vine (RASHI Shabbos 81a)

23) [line 35] SHE'LAVLEVU - that sprouted
24) [line 38] CHOMETZ - vinegar
25) [line 39] MESHIV ES HA'NEFESH - revive the spirits
26) [line 39] MI'BEIRI D'NARASH - from the town of Beirai that is located near Narash, a town in Bavel

27) [line 40] MAZGU V'SHASU CHALA - they diluted vinegar with water and drank it

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