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Yoma 59

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 10] MECHAVARTA KED'SHANINAN ME'IKARA - it is clearly correct as we originally answered

2) [line 30] KI HEICHI D'LO NITAVSAN MANEI - in order that his garments not become stained [with blood]

3) [line 33] PALGEI D'MIZBE'ACH - the middle of the wall of the Mizbe'ach
4) [line 33] TIHARA - noon
5) [line 36] GILUYAH D'MIZBE'ACH - on the exposed part [of the top] of the Mizbe'ach (which has been cleared from coals and ashes)

6) [line 37] "...UCH'ETZEM HA'SHAMAYIM LA'TOHAR" - "... and like the very heavens for purity." (Shemos 24:10)

7) [line 37] B'TZAD TZEFONI HU NOSEN - he sprinkles the seven Haza'os on the northern side of the Mizbe'ach ha'Penimi

9) [line 38] PISCHA B'DAROM KAI - the opening of the first Paroches was on the south side of the Heichal. Consequently, the Kohen first applies the blood to the southern Keranos (corners) of the Mizbe'ach and then to the northern ones. He finishes the applications at the northeastern Keren, and while standing there he sprinkles the seven Haza'os on the top of the Mizbe'ach.

8) [line 40] MAKOM SHE'KIDSHO - the place where he [finishes the application of the blood to the Keranos, which] sanctifies it (the Mizbe'ach)

9) [line 49] PISCHA B'DAROM KAI - the entrance to the Heichal was to the south of the Mizbe'ach, i.e. the entrance to the Heichal was located in the middle of the Azarah and the Mizbe'ach was located in the northern part of the Azarah. According to Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai, either (a) only the one Amah of the Yesod was in front of the entrance, or (b) five Amos of the Mizbe'ach (including the southern Yesod) were in front of the opening. As the Kohen Gadol emerged from the center of the entrance, the *entire* Yesod Deromi lay in front of him, as opposed to the Yesod Ma'aravi, of which only a part lay in front of him (TOSFOS Zevachim 53a and Shitah Mekubetzes ibid. #13).

10) [line 51] MASHCHUHA GAVREI L'GAVRA - the scholars drew the scholar over [to their opinion]; i.e. (a) the students of Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai drew Rebbi Yishmael over to their opinion, quoting Rebbi Yishmael's opinion as "Zeh v'Zeh Yesod Deromis" (RASHI); (b) Rebbi Shimos ben Yochai (who is referred to as "scholars," since he is mentioned along with his father) drew Rebbi Yishmael over to his opinion (RABBEINU ELYAMIM); (c) according to the Girsa "Zeh v'Zeh Yesod *Ma'aravi*," the students of Rebbi Yishmael drew Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai over to their opinion (RABEINU CHANANEL)


11) [last line] TERUMAS HA'DESHEN
(a) Every morning a Kohen must remove some of the ashes from the consumed sacrifices and place them southeast of the Mizbe'ach alongside the ramp, at a distance of three Tefachim (approx. 10.5 inches) from the ramp and 10 Amos from the foot of the ramp, as described in Vayikra 6:3.
(b) It is forbidden to derive benefit from these ashes even after they are placed at the side of the ramp. Generally, after the completion of a Mitzvah that is performed with a particular object, it becomes permitted to derive benefit from the object (if it was previously forbidden). The Torah specifies that with regard to Terumas ha'Deshen, however, even though its Mitzvah has been completed once the ashes are placed on the floor of the Azarah, they remain Asur b'Hana'ah.

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