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Yoma 56

(a) After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given to a Levi.
(c) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(d) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth years is called *Ma'aser Sheni*. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim.
(e) Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be redeemed, in which case the money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. If the owner himself redeems the produce, he must add an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value). The food which is bought with that money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser Sheni and must be eaten b'Taharah. Ma'aser Sheni that was redeemed by anyone besides the owner is exempt from the fifth.

2) [line 2] MEICHAL V'SHOSEH - (a) he redeems (from the word Chilul) the Ma'aser Sheni and may then drink the wine (RASHI); (b) he may begin (from the word Lehaschil) to drink the wine (RABEINU GERSHOM to Me'ilah 22a)


3) [line 4] SHEMA YIBAKA HA'NOD - the leather bottle might break (and he will never be able to separate the Terumah and Ma'asros)

4) [line 5] LECHESHE'YIBAKA - when it will break [we will worry about it]; i.e. we need not worry that it will break because a watchman can be appointed to guard it

5) [line 6] MASNEH ADAM - a person may impose a condition

(a) A person is only allowed to walk a distance of 2000 Amos, approximately 960 meters (3147 feet) or 1,152 meters (3774 feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions, from his city or dwelling place (if he is not in a city) on Shabbos or Yom Tov. If he wants to walk another 2000 Amos, he must make an Eruv Techumin.
(b) This is accomplished by placing an amount of food that would be used for two meals nearly 2000 Amos away from his present location, in the direction in which he wishes to walk. The location where his food is placed is considered his new dwelling or *place of Shevisah* for that Shabbos or Yom Tov, and he may walk 2000 Amos in any direction from there.

7) [line 17] LO MAKBIL LEI KULEI - [we are referring to a case where] he did not collect all of it (the Dam ha'Nefesh = lifeblood) [of the Par]

8a) [line 21] CHIVAR - pale red
b) [line 21] SUMAK - dark red

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