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Yoma 51

YOMA 51 - Dedicated by Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva. May Hashem grant them and their children joy, fulfillment, and all that they need!

1) [line 1] BECHOR
(a) The Kedushah of Bechor rests on every first-born male of an ox, goat or sheep when it comes out of its mother's womb. Nevertheless, there is a Mitzvah for a person to sanctify it himself (Erchin 29, based on Devarim 15:19). He must then give it to a Kohen; it may not be redeemed.
(b) If the animal has no blemish, the Kohen must bring it as a Korban during its first year. After its blood and Emurim (see Background to Pesachim 43:15a and 95:9) are offered on the Mizbe'ach, its meat is eaten in Yerushalayim during the following two days and the intervening night by Kohanim, their wives, children and slaves.
(c) If the animal has a Mum (a blemish), it must be slaughtered and eaten during its first year.. If it developed a Mum after the first year, it must be slaughtered and eaten within thirty days. The Kohen can give it away or sell it, even to a non-Kohen. However, it may not be sold in a meat market or weighed in the usual manner.
(d) Whether or not it has a blemish, it is forbidden to work with a Bechor or to shear it. Any fleece that is removed from a Bechor, even if it came off on its own, is Asur be'Hana'ah. If, upon Shechitah, the animal is found to be a Tereifah, it is Asur be'Hana'ah and must be buried.
(e) Now that there is no Beis ha'Mikdash, a Kohen must care for a Bechor until it develops a Mum. Alternatively, he can sell it, even if it has no Mum, to a non-Kohen, who may eat it after it develops a Mum. It may not be bought, however, in order to be sold for a profit (Sefer ha'Chinuch #393, #445).

2) [line 1] MA'ASER
(a) Every year, a person must collect all of the kosher animals that were born during that year into a corral. As they leave the corral through a narrow opening, one by one, the owner counts them and marks every tenth one as Ma'aser Behemah. The Mitvah of Ma'aser Behemah is stated in Vayikra (27:32), "v'Chol Ma'asar Bakar va'Tzon, Kol Asher Ya'avor Tachas ha'Shevet, ha'Asiri Yihyeh Kodesh la'Sh-m." ("All of the herds and flocks shall be tithed as they are counted under the rod, every tenth one being consecrated to HaShem.")
(b) Ma'aser Behemah is eaten by its owner. If it has no Mum (defect), it is offered as a Korban on the Mizbe'ach and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim. If it has a Mum, the owner may slaughter and eat it anywhere.

*3*) [line 14] IM KEN (YEHEI) DOCHEH ES HA'SHABBOS V'ES HA'TUM'AH - if so, why does the Beraisa state, "It may be brought on Shabbos and *by people who are Tamei*?" [That is to say, Pesach Sheni *cannot* be brought by people who are Tamei, so the Beraisa's statement is incorrect!]

4) [line 19] MIPNEI TUM'AH DECHISO, V'YE'ASEH B'TUM'AH?! - you did not let its owner bring the Korban Pesach in Nisan because he was Tamei, and now when he brings the Pesach Sheni instead, shall it be brought b'Tum'ah?!


5) [line 9] BEI GAZA - (lit. treasury) his possessions, i.e. the Par
6) [line 20] AMAH TERAKSIN - a wall 1 Amah wide separating the Kodesh and the Kodesh Ha'Kodashim in the first Beis ha'Mikdash. In the second Beis ha'Mikdash, 2 Parochos (curtains) were hung in the same place to separate the Kodesh and the Kodesh Ha'Kodashim

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