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Yoma 49

YOMA 49-50 (6 & 7 Adar) were dedicated by Harav Avi Feldman & family in memory of his father, the Tzadik Harav Yisrael Azriel ben Harav Chaim (Feldman) of Milwaukee (Yahrzeit: 6 Adar)

1) [line 1] ONEN (ANINUS - The Halachic status of a mourner immediately after a close relative's death)
(a) A person is called an Onen mid'Oraisa on the day of death of one of his seven closest relatives for whom he is required to arrange for burial (i.e. father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and wife). Chazal (Zevachim 101a) learn the Halachah of Aninus from the verse, "v'Achalti Chatas ha'Yom, ha'Yitav b'Einei HaSh-m?" (Vayikra 10:19). Among the Halachos that apply to an Onen is that a Kohen Onen is prohibited from doing the Avodah (divine service) in the Beis ha'Mikdash unless he is the Kohen Gadol (Vayikra 10:7, 21:1-4). Moreover, an Onen (even the Kohen Gadol) may not eat Kodshim, Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni.
(b) For a further discussion of Aninus and the difference between Aninus mid'Oraisa and Aninus mid'Rabanan, see Background to Yoma 13:5.

2) [line 1] SHIKOR - a Kohen who has drunk a Revi'is of wine
*3*) [line 3] TIYUVTA - that is, the left hand may not be used and disqualifies Avodah. It may only be used only in the case of the Kaf of Yom Kipur, or when carrying the multiple Evarim to the ramp of the Mizbe'ach, since there is no other way to carry those items (TOSFOS YESHANIM).

4) [line 3] V'HA RAV SHESHES HU D'OSVAH? - but Rav Sheshes himself asked this Beraisa as a contradiction!? (and since he knew the Beraisa, how could he say that Holachas ha'Dam is valid with the left hand?)

5) [line 4] AMOREI D'RAV CHISDA - the *Meturgeman* of Rav Chisda: (a) the one who repeats in a loud voice the words of the Chacham, who whispers the Shiyur in a low voice (RASHI Berachos 56a); (b) the one who translates into Aramaic the words of the Chacham, who delivers the Shi'ur in a low voice *in Hebrew* (RASHI Yoma 20b)

6) [line 11] D'AVUD MA'ASEH ITZTEVA - (lit. they performed the action of a platform) they merely held it, without moving it towards the Mizbe'ach

7) [line 16] BO U'RE'EH SHE'ELAS HA'RISHONIM - come and see that our question has been asked by a sage of a previous, greater generation

8) [line 19] SHICHLAYIM - (O.F. cresson) a type of cress
9) [line 22] LISHCHOK - to grind
10) [line 25] MI MASYA - does it cure?
11) [line 29] PEREIDAH LEVANAH - a white mule
12) [line 30] V'CHAYAS - and it (the wound) healed
13) [line 31] B'SUMKAN INHU V'CHIVRAN REISH KERA'AIHU - when they (the mules) are red and the ends of their feet are white

14) [line 33] SHE'ELASAN K'SHE'EILAH SHEL RISHONIM - the question of later generations (that of Rebbi Yehoshua Ben Levi) [is on a high level; it] has been asked by earlier sages (Rebbi Chanina himself)

15a) [line 41] CHOFEN CHOZER V'CHOFEN - the Kohen Gadol scoops out two handfuls of Ketores from the Machtah of Ketores (Mishnah 47a), places the Ketores into a Kaf (a bowl with a handle) and afterwards, in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, he pours the Ketores from the Kaf *back* into his hands

b) [line 42] V'CHOFEN (CHAFINAH)
(a) Chafinah was one of the hardest Avodos done in the Beis ha'Mikdash (Yoma 47b, Menachos 11a). When the Kohen Gadol entered the Kodesh ha'Kodashim to burn the special incense of Yom ha'Kipurim, he carried a Kaf (a bowl with a handle) of Ketores and a pan of burning coals. He placed the pan of coals on the floor, poured the Ketores from the Kaf into his palms and spread the Ketores on the coals, as the verse specifies (Vayikra 16:12-13).
(b) In order to pour the Ketores into his palms, he needed to hold the bowl of the Kaf in his fingertips, inching the handle upward with his thumbs (that were on the underside of the Kaf) until he was able to grasp the handle between his elbows. He then twisted the handle of the Kaf over with his elbows, pouring the Ketores into his palms, being careful not to spill any of it (Rashi). Alternatively, he held the upright Kaf in his fingertips or teeth, sweeping the Ketores into his palms with his thumbs (Rambam Hilchos Avodas Yom ha'Kipurim 4:1)


16) [line 1] HA'BAZACH - the Kaf (the bowl with a handle) that holds the Ketores
17) [line 3] ATZILEI YADAV - his elbows
18) [line 4] TZOVRAH - he heaps it up

19) [line 17] NIMNIN (Designation of the people who will eat the Korban Pesach)
(a) A lamb or goat that is slaughtered as a Korban Pesach may only be eaten by individuals who are designated beforehand to eat from it. This is learned from the verse in Shemos 12:4, "v'Im Yim'at ha'Bayis mi'Heyos mi'Seh v'Lakach Hu u'Shecheno ha'Karov El Beiso b'Michsas Nefashos; Ish Lefi Ochlo Tachosu Al ha'Seh." - "If the household is too small for a lamb, then he and a close neighbor can obtain a lamb together, as long as it is for specifically designated individuals. Individuals shall be designated for a lamb according to how much each one will eat."
(b) People may be designated for or may withdraw their share from a Korban Pesach as long as it has not been slaughtered.

20) [line 18] MI'CHIYUSEI D'SEH - while the lamb is still alive

There is a Mitzvah to redeem each firstborn male donkey, as the verse states (Shmos 13:13), "v'Chol *Peter Chamor* Tifdeh b'Seh, v'Im Lo Sifdeh va'Arafto." - "Every *firstborn donkey* must be redeemed with a sheep [that is given to a Kohen]. If it is not redeemed, you must decapitate it."

22) [line 20] KOY - There is a Machlokes Tana'im (Chullin 80a) as to which animal Chazal (Mishnah, Chullin 83b, etc.) identify as a "Koy." Usually the term is used to refer to an animal that shows signs of being both a domesticated animal (Behemah) and a wild animal (Chayah).

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