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Yoma 46

YOMA 46-48 - have been anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie.

*1*) [line 4] MA'ARACHAH BIFNEI ATZMAH - (This is Rebbi Meir of our Mishnah, following the opinion that he expressed in our Mishnah that there was an added Ma'arachah for burning the limbs of the leftover Korbanos.)

2) [line 7] SHE'MASHLAH BEHEN HA'UR - that the fire took hold of them
*3*) [line 8] IKA D'AMREI ECHAD KESHEIRIN V'ECHAD PESULIN - (This "Ika d'Amrei" is another version of Rebbi Avin's answer. According to this answer, Rebbi Meir is teaching that even Evarim Kesheirim are not moved to a different Ma'arachah unless they the fire has taken hold of them. Rebbi Avin learned his answer from the wording of Rebbi Meir, who discussed "Evarim that were "left over," as opposed to Evarim that "were not devoured by the flames.")

*4*) [line 10] VA'AFILU B'SHABBOS - (This is the beginning of another discussion of Rebbi Meir's statement, like the type of statement that is normally prefaced by "Amar Mar.")

5) [line 10] B'EMTZA SHABBOS - when Yom ha'Kipurim falls in the middle of the week

16) [line 13] CHELVEI SHABBOS - the fats (Chelev) [and limbs] of the afternoon Korban Tamid that was brought on Shabbos (Mishnah Shabbos 113a and RASHI Shabbos 114a)

6) [line 15] D'LO CHAYISH L'KIMCHEI - lit. that has no concern for the flour he grinds, [whether it is ground from wheat or from bran] (RASHI Pesachim 84a), i.e. for the words that he utters (RASHI Yevamos 42b)

*7*) [line 20] DOCHEH ES HA'SHABBOS, V'EINO DOCHEH ES HA'TUMAH - that is, even "Sofo" is Docheh Shabbos.


(a) The Torah permits offering Korbenos Tzibur (communal sacrifices) b'Tum'ah. Therefore, Korbenos Temidim and the Musafim of Shabbos, Yom Tov and all other Korbanos and Menachos that are brought for the Tzibur, such as Minchas ha'Omer and the Shtei ha'Lechem, may be offered even if there is a need to offer them b'Tum'ah (as will be explained below).
(b) The Tana'im argue whether Tum'ah is *Hutrah* b'Tzibur or *Dechuyah* b'Tzibur (Pesachim 77a, Yuma 7b).

1. The Gemara in Yuma explains that according to all opinions, if certain Kohanim in the Mikdash are Teme'im and others are Tehorim, the Tehorim do the Avodah. However, if all of the Kohanim of the Beis Av (the group of Kohanim whose day it is to do the Avodah) are Teme'im, there is a dispute as to whether the Korbanos are offered b'Tum'ah. One opinion holds that the Torah entirely cancelled the prohibitions against Tum'ah with regard to Korbenos Tzibur ("Hutrah"); therefore the Kohanim who are Temei'im may perform the Avodah. Others rule that Kohanim from other Batei Avos who are Tehorim should be sought to do the Avodah, since only with reluctance did the Torah permit offering Korbenos Tzibur b'Tum'ah ("Dechuyah"). The prohibitions of Tum'ah are only pushed aside in the event of great necessity.
2. Another practical difference that arises from the argument as to whether Tum'ah is Hutrah or Dechuyah, is that according to the opinion that Tum'ah is Dechuyah b'Tzibur, a Korban Tzibur in which the blood, flesh or Chelev became Tamei may only be offered *in conjunction with* the conciliatory effects of the Tzitz (see Background to Pesachim 77:7b). If the Tzitz is not Meratzeh for the Korban, the Korban may not be offered b'Tum'ah (Pesachim 77a).
9) [line 10] KAVYEI - when he extinguished it
10) [line 11] ACHTEI A'AR'A - he took it down to the ground
11) [line 13] KEIVAN D'NATKAH NATKAH - (lit. since he has detached it, it is detached) since he has removed it from the Mizbe'ach, it is no longer considered the fire of the Mizbe'ach

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