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Yoma 41

YOMA 41 - Dedicated to the memory of Moshe Simcha ben Dovid Z"L Rubner by his parents, Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva.

1a) [line 4] EIN HA'KININ MISPARSHOS ELA O B'LEKICHAS BE'ALIM O B'ASIYAS KOHEN - the Kinim (bird offerings - see next entry) become designated (that one is an Olah and one is a Chatas) either at the time that they are bought by the owner, or at the time that they are offered by the Kohen

b) [line 4] HA'KININ (Bird offerings)
(a) If a Zav (see Background to Pesachim 90:7) emits Zov only two times, he does not bring a Korban. If he emitted Zov three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days, he has to bring a Korban (Kinei Zavin) after he becomes Tahor in order to enable him to eat Kodshim and enter the Beis ha'Mikdash.
(b) When a woman becomes Tehorah after being a Yoledes (a woman who gave birth) or a Zavah (see Background to Pesachim 112:42), she must bring a Korban (Kinei Yoldos or Kinei Zavos) to complete her purification process and to enable her to eat Kodshim and enter the Beis ha'Mikdash.
(c) The Korban brought by a Zav or a Zavah is two turtledoves or two common doves, one as an Olah and one as a Chatas. A pair of birds is known as a Ken (plural Kinim), which means "nest."
(d) The Korban brought by a Yoledes includes a male sheep as an Olah and a turtledove or a common dove as a Chatas. If she could not afford a sheep, she brings a Ken, i.e. 2 turtledoves or 2 common doves, one as an Olah and one as a Chatas.
(e) An Olas ha'Of and a Chatas ha'Of were offered on the Mizbe'ach differently (e.g. the blood of the Olas ha'Of was pressed out above the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that divided the Mizbe'ach in half, whereas the blood of the Chatas ha'Of was sprinkled below the Chut ha'Sikra). If one was offered in the manner prescribed for the other, it became Pasul. Therefore, the Kohen had to know which one he was offering.

2) [line 23] METAMEI MIKDASH
It is forbidden for a person to enter the Mikdash or eat Terumah or Kodshim if he touched an Av ha'Tumah.
(a) If he knew that he was Tamei before and after the transgression, but forgot at the time he transgressed, he must bring a Korban Oleh v'Yored. This Korban varies based on the means of the penitent. If he is wealthy, he brings a female sheep or goat as a Chatas. If he cannot afford this, he brings two turtledoves or two common doves, one as an Olah and one as a Chatas. If he cannot even afford the birds, he brings one tenth of an Eifah of fine flour as a Minchas Chatas. (Vayikra 5:6-13)
(b) If he willingly transgresses, he is liable to Kares and lashes (Vayikra 12:4, 22:3-4, Bamidbar 5:3, 19:20)


3) [line 3] PARIK LEI - he redeems it
4) [line 5] PEREIDAH ACHAS - one bird
5) [line 18] LASHON SHEL ZEHORIS - a strip of crimson wool
6) [line 19] BEIS SHILUCHO - the gate through which it was sent

7) [line 41] SHEL PARAH
The Parah Adumah, an exclusively red-haired, female cow, is burned on Har ha'Zeisim and its ashes are used for making a person Tahor if he is Tamei Mes. A place is prepared for its slaughter on Har ha'Zeisim, opposite the gate to the Azarah (the courtyard of the Beis ha'Mikdash). After it is slaughtered, its blood is sprinkled in the direction of the Beis ha'Mikdash seven times. A cedar branch, some hyssops (Ezov) and *a strip of crimson wool* are thrown into the bonfire and are burned along with the cow. (Bamidbar 19:1-22)

8a) [line 46] SHEYAREI LASHON - the remainder of the strip of wool
b) [line 46] ZENAV LASHON - the end of the strip of wool (which is smoothed out like a tail)

9) [line 47] SHE'KALATESAN SHALHEVES - that the flames of the bonfire singed (without them falling into it)

10) [line 47] NISHAVHEV - if it became singed
11a) [line 48] KOLACHAS - when its flames rise in a column
b) [line 48] NICHFEFES - when its flames are low

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