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Yoma 39

YOMA 36-40 have anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie

1) [line 1] MEDOD ATAH L'ATZMECHA - measure it yourself
2) [line 4] METAMTEMES LIBO SHEL ADAM - stops up (obstructs) a person's heart, makes his heart dull; befuddles the mind


3) [line 14] TARAF BA'KALPI - (a) the Kohen Gadol grabbed [the two lots] out of the lottery box (RASHI); (b) he mixed the lots in the lottery box (RABEINU CHANANEL)

4) [line 15] ROSH BEIS AV - the head of the Beis Av (see Background to the Daf 37:24)
5) [line 27] DABER MILACH - say your words [that you are supposed to say], i.e. "la'HaSh-m Chatas")

6) [line 28] CHALSHAH DA'ATEI - he would feel bad, become despondent
7) [line 40] NISHTALCHAH ME'EIRAH - a curse (of depreciation) was sent
8) [line 41] HA'GARGERANIN - the gluttons


9) [line 1] CHAMTZAN - a thief; a person who grabs that which is not his
10) [line 3] "LIMDU HEITEV, DIRSHU MISHPAT, ASHERU CHAMOTZ ..." - "Learn to do good, seek justice, defend the victim..." (Yeshayahu 1:17)

11) [line 4] V'AL TE'ASHRU CHOMETZ - and do not vindicate the oppressor

The Kohanim are required to bless the people with the three-fold blessing, as described in Bamidbar 6:22-27. In the Beis ha'Mikdash the blessing was said with the Shem ha'Mefurash (Sotah 38a). According to Tosfos DH Harei Hu Omer (ibid.), this is only true when there is Giluy Shechinah in the Beis ha'Mikdash. Since there was no Giluy Shechinah after the passing of Shimon ha'Tzadik, the Kohanim stopping saying Birkas Kohanim with the Shem ha'Mefurash.

13) [line 18] MIPNEI MAH ATAH MAV'IS ATZMECHA? - why do you frighten yourself? (the MAHARSHA brings the Girsa of the Yerushalmi, LAMAH ATAH MAVHILEINU? which indicates that Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai may have been "Toleh Kilelaso b'Acher," and really meant, "why do you frighten *us*?")

14) [line 25] MELAVLEV - produces sprouts, blooms
15) [line 31] "... U'FERACH LEVANON UMLAL" - "... and the flower of Levanon becomes destitute." (Nachum 1:4) - Levanon refers to the Beis ha'Mikdash (Rashi here and to Devarim 3:25)

16) [line 32] "PARO'ACH TIFRACH V'SAGEL, AF GILAS V'RANEN, KEVOD HA'LEVANON NITAN LAH..." - "It (the land of Israel which is a wasteland and wilderness) will blossom abundantly and will rejoice, with joyousness and glad song; the glory of Lebanon will be given to her..." (Yeshayahu 35:2)

17) [line 33] MAZKIR KOHEN GADOL ES HA'SHEM - the Kohen Gadol pronounces the Shem ha'Mefurash (TOSFOS YESHANIM, see Insights to Yoma 37:1)

18) [line 35] U'CHVAR AMAR HA'SH-M - and it has happened that when the Kohen Gadol pronounced the Holy Name

19) [line 36] TZIR DALSOS HA'HEICHAL - the hinges of the doors of the Heichal
20) [line 36] SHEMONEH TECHUMEI SHABBOS - eight times the distance that a person is allowed to walk outside of his city, which is 2000 Amos. Since 2000 Amos = 1 Mil and 4 Mil = 1 Parsah, the distance of eight Techumei Shabbos = 2 Parsa'os

21) [line 37] MIS'ATSHOS - sneeze
22) [line 39] HAREI (MICHMAR) [MICHVAR] - the mountains (or AREI, the cities) of the area of Michvar. Michvar is the mountainous area to the east of the Dead Sea which rises to a height of 700 meters above sea level, from where it is possible to see Yerushalayim and Chevron. According to Targum Yonasan Ben Uziel and Targum Yerushalmi, Michvar is Ya'azer, mentioned in Bamidbar 21:32, 32:1, which was in the portion of Gad. At the time of the second Beis ha'Mikdash, it was very important strategically, serving to protect the land of Judea, of which it was a part, from the Nabateans to the south and from invaders from the east. Alexander Yanai built a fortress there, which was later fortified by Herod. The defenders of Yerushalayim fled there after the destruction of the Beis ha'Mikdash, but were all massacred by the Romans. After the destruction of Yerushalayim, when the center of the Jewish population moved northwards to the Galil, the concentration of the Jewish settlement to the east of the Jordan River also moved northwards to the Galil.

23) [line 49] D'TANA BEI KERA - the verse repeats it (the phrase Asher Alah)

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