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Yoma 38

YOMA 36-40 have anonymously sponsored towards a to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie

1) [line 1] B'SEIRUGIN - in intervals; i.e. the beginning of the Pesukim were spelled out and the rest of the Pesukim were written with Roshei Teivos

2) [line 4] NACHSHOL SHEBA'YAM - storm, a gale on the high sea
3) [line 6] MI'ZA'APO - from its vehemence or anger ("Za'af" can also connote the actual storm-wind or hurricane; see Targum to Iyov 1:19 and Berachos 59a, where the term "Ruchos" is explained using the word "Za'afa")

4) [line 7] KARCHAH - he embraced it
5) [line 9] NAMALAH SHEL AKO - (O.F. port) the port of Acco
6) [line 9] HAYESAH MEVATZBETZES V'YOTZ'A - it was bobbing up [from beneath the boat]
7) [line 11] BERIYAH SHEBA'YAM - a sea creature
8) [line 12] "KOROS BATEINU ARAZIM ..." - "The beams of our house are cedar; our panels are cypress." (Shir ha'Shirim 1:17) - The Aramaic word "Rahit" connotes running or motion. Rashi explains that it refers to doors, which are constantly in motion - opening and closing.

9a) [line 15] MUTZHEVES - bright golden
b) [line 15] MIPNEI SHE'NECHUSHTAN MUTZHEVES HAYESAH - because the copper of which they were made was golden

10) [line 15] NECHOSHES KELONISA - Corinthian copper
11) [line 20] LIRDOS - to peel the loaves off the wall of the oven
12) [line 21] PITAN MIS'APSHOS - their bread would spoil, become moldy
13) [line 22] "KOL HA'NIKRA VI'SHEMI ..." - "Everyone who is called by My name and whom I have created for My glory, whom I have fashioned, even perfected." (Yeshayahu 43:7)

14) [line 25] ADAM SHE'EINO MEHUGAN - a person who is not worthy
15) [line 29] L'FATEM - to compound (grind and mix) Ketores
16) [line 29] METAMER V'OLEH K'MAKEL - would rise straight up like a stick
17) [line 30] MAFTZI'A - spreads out, disperses
18) [line 35] MEVUSEMES - perfumed
19) [line 40] MA'ALEH ASHAN - probably Leptadenia Pyrotechnica, which contains nitric acid, that causes the smoke of the incense to rise straight up in a column

20) [line 41] MEGILAS SAMEMANIN - a scroll that contained a list of all of the ingredients of the Ketores (a) and a drawing of them (RASHASH) (b) and which contained the methods of their preparation (KORBAN HA'EDAH, Shekalim 14b)


21a) [line 15] RAKVIVUS TA'ALEH BI'SHEMOSAN - their names shall rust (O.F. rodil - rust)
b) [line 15] D'LO MASKINAN BI'SHEMAIHU - we do not give children their names

22) [line 19] "... IM TOCHALNAH ..." - "... Should women eat their own offspring, the babies for whom they cared? Should a Kohen and prophet be slain in the sanctuary of HaSh-m? (Eichah 2:20)

23) [line 21] CHAZI MAI SALIK BEI - you see what eventually happened to him (since he was named Do'eg)

24a) [line 21] TZADIK ME'ATZMO, RASHA ME'CHAVEIRO - (a) a Tzadik is remembered for the good through his own actions, whereas a wicked person is remembered for the bad even through the actions of other wicked people (RASHI); (b) a Tzadik is blessed when he himself is remembered, whereas a wicked person is cursed even when a different wicked person is remembered, i.e. when one wicked person is remembered, all of them are cursed (RABEINU CHANANEL)

25) [line 31] OVADYAH - an Edomite convert, the steward in the house of King Achav of Yisrael, who perfected himself to the extent that he became a prophet. His prophecy is recorded as Sefer Ovadyah, one of the books of the Trei Asar, which deals with the downfall and destruction of Edom (Esav)

25) [line 39] "IMRU TZADIK KI TOV ..." - "Tell [each] righteous person that it is good, [for they shall eat the fruit of their deeds.]" (Yeshayahu 3:10) - The Gemara interprets this verse to mean, "Tell [every] righteous person, who is good, [that they shall eat the fruit of their deeds.]"

26) [line 41] "... KI ATAH HA'DA'AS MA'ASTA V'EM'ASECHA MI'KAHEN LI ..." - "... for you have spurned knowledge, and I will spurn you from serving Me ..." (Hoshea 4:6)

27) [line 42] AD SHE'NIVRA TZADIK KEMOSO - until a Tzadik of his stature is created [to replace him]

28) [line 44] "... KI LA'SH-M METZUKEI ERETZ, VA'YASHES ALEIHEM TEVEL." - "... for Ha'Sh-m's are the pillars of the earth, and upon them He sets the world." (Shmuel I 2:8)

29) [line 49] "IM LA'LETZIM HU YALITZ; VELA'ANAVIM YITEN CHEN" - "[HaSh-m] scoffs at the scoffers and gives grace to the humble." (Mishlei 3:34) - since HaSh-m scoffs at the Leitzim, he holds back Divine assistance and does not prevent their spiritual downfall

30) [last line] NEFT - naphtha (any of several volatile mixtures of hydrocarbons obtained by distilling coal, tar, or petroleum, that are used as fuels)

31) [last line] AFARSEMON - balsam oil (a strong perfume)

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