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Yoma 37

YOMA 36-40 have anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie

1) [line 1] U'MINAYIN SHEB'ANA - and from where do we learn that the Kohen Gadol confesses using the word "Ana" (I implore!)?

2) [line 4] EGLAH ARUFAH
(a) If a Jew is found murdered in a field (in Israel) and it is not known who the murderer is, the Torah requires that an "Eglah Arufah" be brought in order to atone for the blood that was spilled (Devarim 21:1).The procedure is as follows:
(b) Five elders of the Beis Din of the Lishkas ha'Gazis (the Jewish "Supreme Court") measure the distance between the dead body and the cities around it to determine which city is closest to it.
(c) The elders of the city that is closest to the corpse must bring a female calf (Eglah) that has never been worked, to a Nachal Eisan (a swiftly flowing stream - RAMBAM Hilchos Rotze'ach 9:2; a valley with tough soil - RASHI). They strike it on the back of its neck (Arifah) with a cleaver, severing its spinal column, gullet and windpipe.
(d) The elders of the closest city then wash their hands there and say, "Our hands have not spilled this blood, and our eyes did not see [the murder]." (Devarim 21:7) This includes a proclamation that the dead man was not sent away from their city without the proper food for his journey or the proper accompaniment. The Kohanim that are present say, "Atone for Your people Yisrael whom You have redeemed, *HaSh-m*, and do not place [the guilt for] innocent blood in the midst of Your people, Yisrael." (ibid. 21:8). After this procedure, HaSh-m will grant atonement for the innocent blood that was spilled (RAMBAM Hilchos Rotze'ach 9:3).

3) [line 6] MAI D'HAVAH HAVAH - (lit. whatever was, was) the event has passed and it cannot be changed

4) [line 17] ROSH BEIS AV - the head of the Beis Av; see below, entry #24
5) [line 18] KALPI - (O.F. escrin - a chest) a box for drawing lots
6) [line 19] ESHKERO'A - a type of cedar-wood or box-wood
7) [line 21] DAD LA'KIYOR - faucets for the Kiyor (water basin)
8) [line 22] MUCHNI - a wheel (to raise and lower the Kiyor)
9) [line 23] MUNBAZ HA'MELECH - King Munbaz, the name of a king of Adiabene and one of his sons, who converted to Judaism

10) [line 25] NIVRESHES - a lamp, candelabrum
11) [line 26] TAVLA - tablet
12) [line 32] BUR - an ignoramus (who does not have proper manners)
13) [line 36] KEDEI SHE'YISKASEH BO RABO - he should walk behind his Rav (in a manner that his Rav should be hidden by him, from those who are looking from behind), however, the greater student should stand on the right and the lesser student should stand on the left, with regard to the Rav

14) [line 37] D'METZADED ATZDUDEI - (lit. he moves to the side) he walks partially to the side and partially in back of his Rav

15) [line 39] SHEL KOL DAVAR - they may be made from anything
16a) [line 48] B'MILU'O - when the Kiyor was full
b) [line 49] B'YRIDASO - when the water in the Kiyor was low
17) [line 50] GILGELA - a wheel
18) [line 50] D'HAVAH MESHAK'A LEI - that would lower it (the Kiyor) [into a well]
19) [last line] NA'AVDINHU L'DIDHU D'ZAHAV - let him make the vessels themselves out of gold!?


20) [line 2] KANEI KELIM - the bases of vessels
21) [line 2] OGNEI KELIM - the rims of vessels
22) [line 4] KATASA D'NARGEI V'CHATZINEI - the handles of axes and [carpenter's] adzes (a type of ax)

23) [line 6] ZORACHAS - [rises and] shines

24) [line 9] ANSHEI MISHMAR
The Kohanim were divided into 24 shifts according to their families (Mishmaros), each of which served in the Mikdash for two weeks out of a year. The Mishmaros changed on Shabbos, when the outgoing Mishmar did the Avodah in the morning and the incoming Mishmar did the Avodah in the afternoon. Every Mishmar was further divided into six Batei Avos, with the Kohanim of each Beis Av serving on a different day of the week. On Shabbos, all the Batei Avos of the Mishmar did the Avodah together (see also Insights to Shekalim 18:1).

25) [line 9] ANSHEI MA'AMAD
(a) The Mishnah in Ta'anis 26a states that the early prophets divided Benei Yisrael into twenty-four groups, or Ma'amados. Each Ma'amad consisted of Kohanim, Leviyim and Yisraelim, and it was their duty to make sure that the Korbanos were sacrificed properly. The Ma'amados worked in a rotation and took responsibility for the Korbanos of one week, twice each year.
(b) When each Ma'amad's turn arrived, the Kohanim and Leviyim would travel to the Beis ha'Mikdash to do the divine service. Some of the Yisraelim traveled to Yerushalayim, also, but most of them stayed in their own cities. It was the job of the Yisraelim to pray that the week's Korbanos should be accepted by HaSh-m. They gathered together to fast, read special portions of the Torah and recite the special Shemoneh Esrei of Ta'aniyos (see Background to Shabbos 24:1).

26) [line 13] L'HISLAMED BAH - to learn to read from it

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