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Yoma 36

YOMA 36-40 have anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie

1) [line 6] MEKOM DERISAS RAGLEI HA'KOHANIM - Ezras Kohanim, the area of 11 Amos by 135 Amos between the Ezras Yisrael and the Mizbe'ach

2) [line 7] MEKOM DERISAS RAGLEI YISRAEL - Ezras Yisrael, the area of 11 Amos by 135 Amos between the eastern wall of the Azarah and the Ezras Kohanim. Non-Kohanim did not enter the Ezras Kohanim unless necessary (see Kelim 1:8)

3) [line 8] HA'CHALIFOS - Beis ha'Chalifos. To the north and south of the Ulam were two rooms, fifteen Amos by 11 Amos, where the Shechitah knives of each Mishmar (family of Kohanim) were kept

4) [line 18] B'OKEM ES ROSHO - by turning it head [towards the Heichal]
5) [line 19] V'NUKMEI L'HEDYA - let him make the entire body of the bull stand facing the Beis ha'Mikdash

6) [line 19] SHEMA YARBITZ GELALIM - lest it eliminate dung from its body [in the direction of the Mizbe'ach]

7) [line 20] SOMECH (SEMICHAH)
Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all his might on the head of his sacrifice before it is slaughtered, as described in Vayikra (1:4).

8) [line 25] LEKET
"Leket" refers to individual (one or two) stalks that have fallen from the sickle or from the reaper's hand during the harvest. Such stalks may not be retrieved by the owner but must be left for the poor, as described in Vayikra (19:9-10) "v'Leket Ketzircha Lo Selaket ... le'Ani vela'Ger Ta'azov Osam." ("Do not pick up the individual stalks that have fallen from the harvest ... you shall leave them (the gifts of Pe'ah, Leket, Olelos and Peret) for the poor and the stranger.") If three stalks fall together, they are not considered Leket and may be retrieved by the owner.

9) [line 26] SHIKCHAH
If one or two bundles of grain were forgotten in the field when the other bundles were collected, they must be left for the poor, as described in Devarim (24:19)

10) [line 26] PE'AH
The corner, or end, of the harvest must be left in the field for the poor, as it states "Lo Sechaleh Pe'as Sadecha Liktzor ... le'Ani vela'Ger Ta'azov Osam." (Vayikra 19:9-10) - "Do not completely harvest the corner of your field ... you shall leave them (the gifts of Pe'ah, Leket, Olelos and Peret) for the poor and the stranger."

11) [line 26] MA'ASER ANI
(a) After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given to a Levi.
(c) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(d) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth years is called *Ma'aser Sheni*. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim.

(a) A Lav ha'Nitak l'Aseh describes a Lav that is followed by an Aseh instructing us what to do if the Lav was transgressed. Usually, the Aseh is an action that is performed to correct the Lav. For example, the Torah says "Lo Sigzol" (You shall not steal - Vayikra 19:13); if someone transgresses this prohibition, the Torah tells him to correct his misdeed, "ve'Heshiv Es ha'Gezeilah." ("He shall return the stolen object." - Vayikra 5:23).
(b) At times the Aseh follows the Lav (e.g. Temurah) and at times it is found in a different Parsha altogether (e.g. Gezel).


13a) [line 12] ZEDONOS - intentional sins (performed because of temptation)
b) [line 13] MERADIM - acts of rebellion which are performed to anger HaSh-m
14) [line 15] "[VA'YIFSHA EDOM MI'TACHAS YAD YEHUDAH AD HA'YOM HA'ZEH;] AZ TIFSHA LIVNA BA'ES HA'HI" - "[And Edom rebelled against [being] under the hand of the Yehudah to this day;] then Livnah rebelled at that time" (Melachim II 8:22)

*15*) [line 27] ASEH LAHEM ZEDONOS K'SHEGAGOS - (The same translation can be offered for the verse which discusses the order of the Viduy on Yom Kipur - TOSFOS YESHANIM; see the note in the margin of the Gemara for another approach)

16a) [line 35] B'CHAPARAS DEVARIM - atonement brought about through words of the Kohen Gadol; i.e. Viduy (confession)
b) [line 36] KAPARAS DAMIM - atonement brought about through sprinkling the blood of the bull (which is sprinkled in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim and the Heichal)

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