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Yoma 20

1) [line 3] L'ASTUNEI - to accuse

(a) Every morning a Kohen must remove some of the ashes from the consumed sacrifices and place them southeast of the Mizbe'ach alongside the ramp, at a distance of three Tefachim (approx. 10.5 inches) from the ramp and 10 Amos from the foot of the ramp, as described in Vayikra 6:3.
(b) It is forbidden to derive benefit from these ashes even after they are placed at the side of the ramp. Generally, after the completion of a Mitzvah that is performed with a particular object, it becomes permitted to derive benefit from the object (if it was previously forbidden). The Torah specifies that with regard to Terumas ha'Deshen, however, even though its Mitzvah has been completed once the ashes are placed on the floor of the Azarah, they remain Asur b'Hana'ah.

3) [line 8] KERI'AS HA'GEVER - the Gemara 20b explains this term
4) [line 10] ME'ASHMURAH HA'RISHONAH - from the end of the first watch, i.e. one-third of the night; (the night is broken up into Ashmuros, or watches, which last for four hours each . They correspond to the watches of the ministering angels)

5) [line 13] SHE'PAK'U - that burst and flew off

6) [line 14] U'MO'ALIN
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh, as the Torah states, "Lo Suchal le'Echol b'Sha'arecha ... u'Nedarecha Asher Tidor" ("You may not eat in your settlements, ... and your pledges that you will pledge" - Devarim 12:17) (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1- 3). The minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives Malkos and must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e. it's value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is") does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances.

7) [line 18] L'HARAMAH - for removing the ashes of the consumed Korbanos; we therefore see that after Chatzos the parts of the Korbanos over which the flames have taken hold are considered to have been consumed


8) [line 4] TEN BOKER L'VOKRO SHEL LAILAH - add an additional morning (at midnight) to the morning at the end of the night (which teaches that at midnight, the parts of the Korban over which the flames have taken hold are considered consumed)

9) [line 7] CHULSHA D'CHOHEN GADOL - the weakness of the Kohen Gadol who will do all of the Avodah

10) [line 12] KARA GAVRA - the crier, announcer called out
11) [line 12] KARA TERNEGOLA - the rooster crowed
12) [line 14] AMORA - (a) a Meturgeman, the one who repeats in a loud voice the words of the Chacham, who whispers the Shiyur in a low voice (RASHI to Berachos 56a); (b) a Meturgeman, the one who translates the words of the Chacham, who delivers the Shi'ur in a low voice *in Hebrew* (RASHI here)

13a) [line 17] ABUV L'CHAREI ZEMAR - a flute that makes music for (and is appreciated by) nobles
b) [line 17] L'GARDA'EI, LO (MEKABLUHA) [KIBLU'HA] MINEI - to weavers is unacceptable; i.e. this explanation which was accepted by great Talmidei Chachamim was not accepted by you, who are not as great

14) [line 21] NEINACH MAR - let the Master sit and rest (since I am not worthy that you should be my interpreter)

15) [line 22] IY TAGRAS LEI, PUTZ AMREI - if you have hired yourself out to someone, comb his wool (do even menial tasks)

16) [line 25] GEVINI KAROZ - Gevini the Temple crier, announcer
17) [line 34] IKA CHULSHA - (lit. there is weakness) the Kohen Gadol is weak because of the fast

18) [line 37] GALGAL CHAMAH - the sphere of the sun
19) [line 37] SHE'MENASER - that saws
20) [line 37] K'CHARASH - like a carpenter
21a) [line 38] CHIRGA D'YOMA - dust particles that are seen in sunlight
b) [line 38] "LA" SHEMEI - is called "naught"
23) [line 39] "V'CHOL DAIREI AR'A ..." - "And all of the inhabitants of the earth are adjudged as nothing ..." (Daniel 4:32)

24) [line 41] KOL HAMONAH SHEL ROMI - the din of the multitude of the city of Rome

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