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Yoma 8

1) [line 1] AZKARAH - name of HaSh-m

*2*) [line 7] NAFKA LEI ME'AL MITZCHO - he does not learn it from the words "Al Metzach v'Nasa," but from the words "Al Metzcho" at the end of the verse

(a) According to Torah law, most people who become Tamei must immerse themselves in a Mikvah in order to become Tahor.
(b) Each Tamei has a set time after which he may immerse himself and become Tahor. (For example, 1. Nidah - at night, after seven complete days have passed since the onset of the bleeding; 2. Zavah Ketanah - on the day after she stops bleeding; 3. Zavah Gedolah - on the seventh day after she stops bleeding; 4. Ba'al Keri - on the day that he sees Keri).
(c) According to one opinion, Tevilah bi'Zemanah *Lav* Mitzvah, i.e. immersing oneself at the first opportunity is not a Torah commandment, but rather a recommended practice. (Other Tana'im disagree and maintain that it is a commandment, whose source is the verse in Devarim 23:12.)

4) [line 31] GEMI - reed-grass; bulrush


5) [line 11] SHEVUS
Shevus refers to actions that the Rabanan prohibited on Shabbos. The Torah states "uva'Yom ha'Shevi'i Tishbos" ("and you shall rest on the seventh day") (Shemos 23:12). The Rabanan learn that this applies even to things that are not Melachos, and as a result they prohibited actions that were permitted mid'Oraisa (see Shabbos 114b).

6) [line 23] BALVATI - related to the word BULEVETES - senators, ministers
7) [line 26] PARHEDRIN - chancellors, councilmen

8) [line 30] TERUMAS MA'ASER
(a) After a crop is harvested, and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah from the crop, which he gives to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at approximately one fiftieth.
(b) After Terumah Gedolah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given to a Levi. The Levi, in turn, must separate one tenth of his Ma'aser Rishon as Terumas Ma'aser, to be given to a Kohen, as it states in Bamidbar 18:26.
(c) The produce may not be eaten until both Terumos have been removed. The punishment for eating Tevel is Misah b'Yedei Shamayim.

9) [line 30] CHALAH
Whenever a person kneads a dough made from one of the five species of grain (wheat, barley, oats, rye or spelt), he must separate a small portion to be given to the Kohen, as specified in Bamidbar 15:17-21. This portion is called Chalah. The requirement to separate Chalah with a Berachah only applies to a dough made from the volume of 43.2 Beitzim of flour (about 10 1/2 cups or 2.48 liters). An amount about half that much requires Chalah to be separated without a Berachah. A baker must separate 1/48 of his dough as Chalah, while a normal homeowner must separate 1/24.

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