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Yoma 3

YOMA 3 (19 Teves) - has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Avraham Abba ben Harav Chaim Binyamin Ze'ev Krieger ZT"L, author of Yad Yisrael (on Rambam) and many other Sefarim, by his son, Benayahu Krieger.

1) [line 1] PaZaR KaSHeV
These words are a mnemonic device listing six ways in which Shemini Atzeres is a distinct festival and not just a continuation of Sukos: 1. Payis; 2. Zeman; 3. Regel; 4. Korban; 5. Shir; 6. Berachah

1. PAYIS - on Shemini Atzeres, a *lottery* was cast to determine who would offer the 10 animals (one ox, one ram, one he-goat and seven sheep) of the Korban Musaf. On Sukos, the Kohanim used a rotation system among the Mishmaros to determine who would offer the seventy oxen, fourteen rams, seven he-goats and ninety-eight sheep that were brought during all of Sukos (Sukah 5:6)
2. ZEMAN - the blessing of "Shehechiyanu ... l'*Zeman* ha'Zeh" is said on Shemini Atzeres (unlike the seventh day of Pesach on which it is not said even though it is also a Yom Tov)
3. REGEL - (a) it is a *festival* on its own, and is not called one of the days of Sukos (RASHI); (b) it is a *festival* on its own, and we do not sit in the Sukah (RASHI to Sukah 48a); (c) as in other *festivals* at the time of the Beis ha'Mikdash, one must stay overnight (Linah) in Yerushalayim on the night after the festival (RABEINU TAM)
4. KORBAN - the *Korban Musaf* on Shemini Atzeres was different from the Korban Musaf of the rest of Sukos; the oxen offered as Olos on Sukos decreased from thirteen on the first day to seven on the seventh day. Each day two rams, one he-goat and fourteen sheep were offered whereas on Shemini Atzeres the Korban Musaf was one ox, one ram, one he-goat and seven sheep
5. SHIR - The Leviyim *sang chapters of Tehilim* while the Nesachim of a Korban Tzibur were being brought. They sang the same verses of Tehilim that we recite daily as the Shir Shel Yom (Tamid 6:7). On Mo'adim, special Chapters of Tehilim were substituted instead of these (Maseches Sofrim 18:2- 3, 19:2). They also played musical instruments to accompany the singing. On Sukos, the songs referred to the harvest and to the gifts given to the poor; the song of Shemini Atzeres was of a different nature
6. BERACHAH - (a) a *blessing* was said for the king on Shemini Atzeres (Tosefta Sukah 4:10); (b) the *blessing* that is used during Tefilah and Birchas ha'Mazon on Shemini Atzeres contains the words "b'Yom ha'Shemini, Chag ha'Atzeres ha'Zeh," and not "b'Yom ha'Sukos ha'Zeh" (RASHI to Sukah 48a)
2) [line 2] SHE'LO CHAG - that did not bring a Korban Chagigah; every Jewish male is obligated to come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash on Pesach, Shavuos and Sukos, and bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14)

3) [line 11] HU HE'AMUR B'CHUMASH HA'PEKUDIM ([The ram of Vayikra 16:5] is the same ram that is mentioned in Bamidbar 29:8)
(a) In Parshas Acharei Mos (Vayikra 16:3-6), Aharon is commanded to offer on Yom ha'Kipurim a bullock as a Chatas and a ram as an Olah from his own money. From the money of the Tzibur, he is commanded to offer two goats as Korbenos Chatas (one goat was sacrificed and one was sent to Azazel) and *one ram* as an Olah.
(b) In Parshas Pinchas (Bamidbar 29:7-11), the Torah writes that the Korban Musaf of Yom ha'Kipurim consists of one bullock, *one ram* and seven sheep as an Olah and one goat as a Chatas.
(c) The Tana'im argue as to whether these rams are one and the same or two different rams.


5) [line 29] KULHU KUSHYASIN - all of the questions, i.e. the suggestions of the Gemara since Daf 2b, that the seven-day Perishah applies to Korbanos, Regalim, Shemini Atzeres, Shavu'os and Rosh ha'Shanah

6) [line 33] TECHILAH B'CHOHEN GADOL - the first Avodah involving Korbenos Tzibur (public sacrifices) that needed to be performed by the Kohen Gadol

7) [line 41] MA'ALAH B'ALMA - the seven-days period preceding the burning of the Parah Adumah is merely an extra degree of sanctity stipulated by the Chachamim, and therefore the verses need not hint at it

8) [line 52] B'MACHANEH SHECHINAH - Kodesh ha'Kodashim (SI'ACH YITZCHAK, RASHASH)

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