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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 122

YEVAMOS 122 (Siyum!) - The Siyum of Maseches Yevamos has been dedicated by Dr. Eli Turkel (of Raanana, Israel) to the memory of his uncle, Wolf Rosengarten (of Zurich, Switzerland) Ztz'l, at the completion of the Shivah for his passing. Reb Wolf Rosengarten was a person of "Sheleimus" in every way, in Torah, in Chessed (b'Gufo and b'Memono) and in Avodas Hashem. Klal Yisrael has lost a precious gem that cannot be replaced.


(a) What did Aba Yudan Ish Tzaidan rule when a Nochri bemoaned his Jewish travelling companion who had died on the way and whom he had buried?

(b) Does it make any difference how many Jews the Nochri claims died and whom he buried?

(a) Is a woman permitted to marry on the testimony of a witness who ...
  1. ... saw the dead man by the light of a lamp or by the light of the moon?
  2. ... only heard a Bas-Kol? What is a Bas-Kol?
(b) In one episode cited in our Mishnah, they married off a woman on the basis of a voice that they heard stating that so-and-so died, even though they found nobody there.
What other episode does the Tana cite that took place in Tzalmon?

(c) Rabah bar Shmuel informs us that Beis Shamai does not accept a Bas Kol, whereas Beis Hillel does.
What is the relevance of that information?

(a) How do we know that the Bas Kol that they heard was not that of a demon (who do not always speak the truth - see Megilah 3a.)?

(b) And how do we know that demons do not have a double shadow?

(c) Why do we not suspect that it may be the woman's Tzarah (who is out to make her sin) that we heard?

(d) What is Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael referring to when he says 'be'Sha'as ha'Sakanah Kosvin ve'Nosnin af-al-Pi she'Ein Makirin'?

(a) Who was the only person in Eretz Yisrael to permit a woman to remarry on the testimony of one witness?

(b) What did Nechemyah Ish Beis D'li say to Rebbi Akiva about that?

(c) What did Raban Gamliel exclaim when Rebbi Akiva told him about Nechemyah Ish Beis D'li's testimony?

(d) That reminded him about those who were murdered in Tel Arza. What did he then go on to do about them?

(a) Which three additional leniences did they permit regarding Eid mi'Pi Eid?

(b) Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua still rule that a woman is not permitted to marry through the testimony of one witness.
What 'Kal va'Chomer' does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar quoting Rebbi Akiva make regarding a woman being believed to bring her Get from overseas?

(c) What can be the problem with bringing a Get from overseas? Why should one not be believed?

(d) How do we reconcile Rebbi Akiva in this Beraisa with Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah, where he explicitly discounts the testimony of a woman, as well as that of a slave or of relatives?

Answers to questions



(a) The Chachamim tried to prove that a woman is believed from the episode of the B'nei Levi. What happened there?

(b) How did Rebbi Akiva refute that proof?

(c) What did the Chachamim mean when they said 've'Lo Tehei Kohenes ke'Pundekis'? What was detrimental about that inn-keeper?

(d) In that case, she must have been Masi'ach Lefi Tumo.
But how can that be, when in our Mishnah it was the B'nei Levi who brought up the subject, with the question 'Ayei Chavereinu'?

(a) Rebbi Tarfon asked that witness who came to testify about his friend, how he knew that he was dead.
What heroic story did he relate in response?

(b) How did his friend respond when he referred to him as 'Aryeh'?

(c) How did the witness know that he had died?

(d) In the above episode, Rebbi Tarfon accepted the witness' testimony without any query.
How does another Beraisa, citing the same incident, describe how Rebbi Tarfon questioned the witness? How do we reconcile the two?

(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa holds that Eidei Ishah do not require cross-examination.
What do Rebbi Tarfon and Rebbi Akiva say?

(b) This dispute is based on a statement of Rebbi Chanina.
What does Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Emor "Mishpat Echad Yihyeh Lachem"?

(c) What is ...

  1. ... D'rishah?
  2. ... Chakirah?
(d) Why did the Chachamim negate D'rishah and Chakirah in cases of money-matters?
9) Why might Eidus Ishah be considered ...
  1. ... Dinei Mamonos in this regard?
  2. ... Dinei Nefashos?
10) What does Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Chol Banayich Limudei Hshem, ve'Rav Sh'lom Banayich"?

*** Hadran Alach ha'Ishah Basra u'S'lika Lah Maseches Yevamos ***

Answers to questions

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