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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 105

YEVAMOS 104 & 105 (6 & 7 Adar II) - have been dedicated by Harav Avi Feldman & family in memory of his father, the Tzadik Harav Yisrael Azriel ben Harav Chaim (Feldman) of Milwaukee (Yahrzeit: 6 Adar)


(a) The Tana of the Beraisa validates a Chalitzah where the Yevamah removed the Yavam's shoe, but did not spit or read the Parshah.
What does he rule in a case where ...
  1. ... she spat but neither removed the Yavam's shoe nor read the Parshah?
  2. ... read the Parshah, but neither spat not removed his shoe?
(b) How do we prove from the Reisha that the author of this Beraisa cannot be Rebbi Elazar?

(c) Having proved that the author must be Rebbi Akiva, what do we then go on to prove from the middle section 'Rak'kah ve'Lo Chaltzah ve'Lo Kar'ah, Chalitzasah P'sulah'?

(d) Why can it not be taken literally (that the Chalitzah is not a valid Chalitzah)?

2) Why, according to Rebbi Akiva, does spitting invalidate the Yevamah on the brothers, whilst reading the Parshah does not?


(a) What message did they send Shmuel's father, according to the second version?

(b) What did Rebbi Ami rule with regard to a Yevamah who spat before having removed the Yavam's shoe?

(c) How did Rebbi Aba bar Mamal query Rebbi Ami's ruling?

(d) What was Rebbi Ami's reply?

(a) They asked Levi three She'eilos: Whether a woman without hands can perform Chalitzah with her teeth, and whether the Chalitzah is valid if she spat blood. The third She'eilah concerned the Pasuk in Daniel "Aval Agid Lecha es ha'Rashum bi'K'sav Emes", that the angel said to Daniel.
What was the angel referring to? What is the problem with the Pasuk?

(b) Levi did not have the answers to the questions.
What did they tell him in the Beis-ha'Medrash with regard to the first two questions?

(c) With regard to the third She'eilah, how did they define a K'sav that is Emes, and one that is not?

(d) What did Rav Shmuel bar Ami Amar Rebbi Yonasan interpret the Pasuk in Sh muel 1. "Lachein Nishba'ati le'Veis Eli, Im Yiskaper Avon Beis Eli be'Zevach u've'Minchah Ad Olam"?

(a) Rabah and Abaye were both descendants of Eli ha'Kohen.
Why did Rabah live till the age of forty, and Abaye until sixty? What would otherwise have been their maximum life-expectancy?

(b) Why did a certain family in Yerushalayim become known as Mishpachas Yochanan?

(c) What did Rav Shmuel bar Unya Amar Rav extrapolate from the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Mi ka'Hashem Elokeinu be'Chol Kor'einu Eilav"?

(d) And how do we reconcile that with the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Dirshu Hashem be'Himatz'o" (suggesting that He only answers at certain times)? To which period does the latter Pasuk apply?

(a) On what grounds does Shmuel's father rule that a Yevamah who spat blood should go ahead and perform the rest of the Chalitzah ceremony?

(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "Zovo Tamei ... "?

(c) And how de we reconcile Shmuel's father's ruling with this Beraisa, which declines to contend with any spittle that is mixed up with the blood that flows from a person's mouth?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana of our Mishnah declared the Chalitzah of a Katan, Pasul. Rav Yehudah Amar Rav establishes our Mishnah like Rebbi Meir.
What does Rebbi Meir say?

(b) He establishes the Seifa too, which invalidates the Chalitzah of a Ketanah, like Rebbi Meir.
What is Rebbi Meir's reason for this?

(c) What do the Chachamim say ...

  1. ... in the Reisha (by the Chalitzah of a Katan)?
  2. ... in the Seifa (by the Chalitzah of a Ketanah)?
(a) Rebbi Chiya and Rebbi Shimon b'Rebbi were engaged in a dispute. One of them learned from the Pasuk in Melachim 1. "ve'Hayu Einai ve'libi Sham Kol ha'Yamim", that the eyes of someone who Davens should be directed downwards. What does 'downwards' mean?

(b) What did the other one learn from the Pasuk in Eichah "Nisa Levaveinu el Kapayim"?

(c) How did Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi, who entered the Beis-ha'Medrash just then, reconcile the two Pesukim.

(d) What was Avdan, a Talmid of Rebbi, referring to when he asked who it was who was walking over the heads of the holy people?

(a) What did Avdan retort when Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi replied that it was he who had come to study Torah under Rebbi?

(b) What did Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi reply when Avdan asked him whether he was worthy of studying Torah under Rebbi?

(c) And what did he reply when Avdan asked him whether he thought he was Moshe?

(d) How did Rebbi receive his due for not objecting when Rebbi Yishmael compared him to Hashem?

(a) What did Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi say ...
  1. ... when Rebbi asked Avdan to examine whether the Yevamah who came before them was a Gedolah or a Ketanah?
  2. ... to Avdan when, after Rebbi recalled him, he stepped over the heads of the holy people?
(b) Rebbi subsequently ordered Avdan to remain where he was.
Why was he subsequently stricken with Tzara'as?

(c) What happened to his two sons and his two daughters-in-law?

(d) What did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak comment on Avdan's harsh punishments?

(a) Rav Ami explains that, according to Rebbi Yossi, a Ketanah may perform Chalitzah 'bi'Pe'utos'.
What does he mean by that?

(b) Rava is not so lenient.
How does *he* explain Rebbi Yossi?

(c) What is the Halachah?

12) Rav Yosef bar Minyumi Amar Rav Nachman rules not like Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sand'lar (who permit Chalitzah with two Dayanim - but like the Tana Kama of our Mishnah who requires three).
Considering that he rules ...
  1. ... that Chalitzah requires three Dayanim, why does he need this second ruling?
  2. ... not like that pair, why does he need to rule that Chalitzah requires three?
(a) Rebbi Akiva validated the Chalitzah of the Yavam and the Yevamah who performed Chalitzah in jail without any Dayanim.
How did he know that Chalitzah was performed at all?

(b) We ask whether the Chalitzah took place in jail and Rebbi Akiva was in a different location, or whether the Chalitzah took place in a different location and then brought to Rebbi Akiva who was also in jail.
What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about that?

Answers to questions

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