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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 101


(a) According to the Chachamim, if a Safek ben Tish'ah le'Rishon Safek ben Shiv'ah le'Acharon strikes or curses both men one after the other (after being warned each time) or simultaneously, he is Chayav.
In which case does Rebbi Yehudah disagree with them? What is his reason?

(b) According to others, Rebbi Yehudah even exempts him for striking them simultaneously.
How does Rebbi Chanina learn this by means of 'B'rachah le'Matah from B'rachah Lema'alah' (What is meant by B'rachah')?

(c) How do they apply it to 'Haka'ah' too, seeing as the D'rashah only pertains to 'B'rachah'?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the Safek serves in the Mishmaros of both men.
On what grounds do we refute the Kashya 've'Chi me'Achar de'Eino Cholek, Lamah Oleh'?

(b) So we amend the Lashon to 've'Oleh', implying that he is obligated to do so.
On what grounds can the members of both Mishmaros force him to serve?

(c) In which case will he not receive a portion even if both 'fathers' belong to the same Mishmar?

***** Hadran Alach Nos'in al ha'Anusah *****

***** Perek Mitzvas Chalitzah *****


(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah mean when he permits Hedyotos as Dayanim for Chalitzah?

(b) Then what is the significance of 'Dayanim'?

(a) Our Mishnah permits Chalitzah with a Man'al. Lechatchilah however, a Sandal is required.
What is the basic difference between a Sandal and a Man'al?

(b) 'be'Anpalya, Chalitzasah Pesulah'.
What is an 'Anpalya'? Why is it Pasul?

(c) What requirement does a Sandal need in order to be eligible for Chalitzah?

(a) If part of the Yavam's leg is missing, he might nevertheless be able to perform Chalitzah.
How much of his leg must be missing to invalidate the Chalitzah?

(b) What will be the Din if Chalitzah was performed with a shoe that was not his, or with a wooden shoe?

(c) Which third case is listed together with these two (which is Kasher Bedieved)?

(d) Under which circumstances is a shoe Kasher even though it is ...

  1. ... too big?
  2. ... too small?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah (and the Tana Kama of the Beraisa) require three Dayanim for Chalitzah.
How many Dayanim must there be according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) The Tana Kama derives *three* Dayanim from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "ve'Alsah Yevimto ha'Sha'arah el *ha'Z'keinim*", implying at least two. From where does he get the third Dayan?

(c) And how does Rebbi Yehudah extrapolate five Dayanim from the very same word "ha'Z'keinim"?

(a) According to the Tana Kama, what does the extra 'Yud' in "ha'Z'keinim" come to include?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the word "*le'Einei* ha'Z'keinim"?

(c) What does Tani Rav Yosef learn from the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "Kulach Yafah Ra'ayasi u'Mum Ein Bach"?

(d) And how does Rebbi Yehudah now extrapolate from the previous D'rashah that Hedyotos must be Kasher?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana Kama learns Rava's Din from "le'Einei". What is Rava's Din?

(b) We conclude that Rebbi Yehudah agrees with this D'rashah, and he derives Hedyotos from the Pasuk "le'Hakim le'Achiv Sheim *be'Yisrael*". The Tana Kama learns from "be'Yisrael" like Tani Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah.
What does Tani Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah say?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah precludes a Beis-Din of Geirim from another Pasuk "ve'Lo Yimacheh Sh'mo mi'*Yisrael*". The Tana Kama learns from there the Halachah that Rebbi Yehudah taught quoting Rebbi Tarfon.
What happened on that occasion? What did Rebbi Tarfon rule there?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah himself learns the obligation to announce 'Chalutz ha'Na'al' from "ve'Nikra Sh'mo be'Yisrael".
What problem does this create with the Pasuk "ve'Kar'u Lo Ziknei Iro ve'Dibru Eilav"?

(c) What *do* we learn from ...

  1. ... "ve'Kar'u Lo"?
  2. ... "ve'Dibru Eilav"? What would the Dayanim say to the Yavam?
(d) On what grounds did Rav Nachman initially rule 'Chalitzah bi'Sh'loshah'?
(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over whether Miy'un requires a Beis-Din of Mumchin or not. They both agree however, as to how many people are required to sit.
How many is that?

(b) What did Rav Nachman mean when he ruled (with regard to Miy'un) 'Halachah ke'Oso ha'Zug' (Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon)?

(c) How do we try to reconcile this ruling with his previous one, where he ruled that Chalitzah requires three Dayanim on the basis of a S'tam Mishnah?

(d) What does the Tana of the Mishnah mean when he says (above 25b.) 'Mi'anah O she'Chaltzah be'Fanav Yisa'enah, Mipnei she'Hu Beis-Din'? Why does Rava quote that Mishnah?

(a) On what grounds do we reject Rav Nachman's reply to Rava (that three S'tam Mishnah's are better than two)?

(b) Then on what grounds does Rav Nachman finally justify ruling that Chalitzah requires three and not five?

(c) Why did Rav Papa and Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua nevertheless require five Dayanim for Chalitzah?

(d) Was this ruling widely accepted? What do the Amora'im mean when they talk about a bundle of canes?

(a) What does Rava learn from the Pasuk "ve'Alsah Yevimto *ha'Sha'arah* el ha'Z'keinim"?

(b) Why did Rav Shmuel ben Yehudah decline to sit on a Beis-Din for Chalitzah?

(c) Rav Yehudah was impressed with Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah's integrity. What is wrong with the initial version of his statement, in which he said that he would extract money by his testimony?

(d) Then what did he really mean to say?

Answers to questions

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