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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 86

YEVAMOS 86-90 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) When Rebbi Meir says 'Terumah le'Kohen, u'Ma'aser Rishon le'Levi', he might be coming to teach us that Ma'aser is given specifically to a Levi. What would then be the Chidush? Is that not obvious?

(b) In fact, he is coming to teach us that, not only does one give Ma'aser to a Levi, but also that only a Levi may eat it. We might learn this from the Lashon 'Rebbi Elazar *Matiro* le'Kohen' that follows in the Mishnah (though the following questions seem to refute this explanation).
How might we even infer it from Rebbi Meir's own words?

(c) 'Rebbi Elazar (ben Azaryah - see Tosfos) *Matiro* le'Kohen'.
Why is this statement strange?

(d) So how do we amend it?

(a) What does Rebbi Meir learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Ki es Ma'aser B'nei Yisrael Asher Yarimu la'Hashem Terumah" (Korach)?
  2. ... "u'Meisu *Bo* Ki Yechaleluhu" (Emor)?
  3. ... "ve'Yasaf Chamishiso *Alav*" (Emor)?
(b) Rav Acha Brei de'Rabah quotes these Derashos 'mi'Shmei di'Gemara'. What does this mean?
(a) How do the Rabbanan explain the Hekesh of Ma'aser to Terumah (in the Pasuk in Korach)?

(b) Is one Chayav Misah for eating Ma'aser Rishon, Sheini or Ani?

(c) What does Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Lo Suchal le'Echol bi'She'arecha ... " (by Ma'aser Sheini) and "ve'Achlu bi'She'arecha ve'Savei'u" (by Ma'aser Ani in the third year)?

(d) Then why do we need the Hekesh of Ma'aser to Terumah?

(a) Why will establishing our Mishnah like Rebbi Meir not help to explain the Seifa? What does the Seifa of our Mishnah say?

(b) We establish the Mishnah in connection with a bas Yisrael giving her Sh'li'ach permission to take Terumah from her husband's crops.
What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk "va'Achaltem Oso be'Chol Makom Atem u'Vateichem"?

(c) How do we know that the Pasuk is not coming to permit the wife of a bas Levi to *eat* Ma'aser?

(a) According to Mar Brei de'Ravina, the Seifa comes to forbid the bas Levi to receive Ma'aser without her husband in attendance.
Which reason do some Amaro'im (in 'Nos'in al ha'Anusah') give for the prohibition of giving Terumah to a woman who comes on her own to the granary, that goes well with Mar Brei de'Ravina's explanation?

(b) What reason do others give for the prohibition, that clashes with it?

(c) We counter 'u'le'Ta'ameich, Gerushah bas Kohen Mi Lo Achlah bi'Terumah'? What does this refer to?

(a) So why do we finally forbid both a bas Kohen to receive Terumah and a bas Levi to receive Ma'aser, at the granary?

(b) And seeing as we are not talking about eating, but about receiving a portion, why does the Tana mention that they are 'betrothed', since the same prohibition ought to apply even if they are married?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Akiva in the Beraisa, Terumah is given to a Kohen, and Ma'aser Rishon, to a Levi. What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah say?

(b) Rebbi Akiva's source is the Pasuk in Korach "ve'el *ha'Levi'im* Tedaber ... ". Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah, we explain, will hold like the statement of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi. What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi say?

(c) Rebbi Akiva agrees with Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi's statement in principle, only in his opinion, this Pasuk cannot be one of those twenty-four places.
Why not?

(d) And how will Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah explain the Pasuk "va'Achaltem Oso *be'Chol Makom*"?

(a) What did Rebbi Akiva do to that garden from which Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah used to take Ma'aser Rishon?

(b) Why did he do that? What was the basis of his objection?

(a) The Mishnah in Sotah states that Yochanan Kohen Gadol nullified the Mitzvah of Viduy Ma'aser.
Why did he do that?

(b) Rebbi Yonasan and the elders argue over the reason for Chazal punishing the Levi'im. According to one of them, it was because most of the Levi'im did not return to Eretz Yisrael with Ezra.
What does the other opinion hold?

(c) On what grounds do we reject this version of their Machlokes?

(a) So how do we finally present the Machlokes? If one of them holds that Ma'aser goes to the poor, what does the other one hold?

(b) Assuming that the Kohanim during their days of Tum'ah are also considered poor, why did Rebbi Akiva move the entrance of that garden to face a grave-yard (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) How do we know that most of the Levi'im did not go back with Ezra?

(d) What change took place in the judicial system of Eretz Yisrael as a result of most of the Levi'im remaining in Bavel?

(a) What may a bas Yisrael eat if she ...
  1. ... married, first a Kohen, and then, after he died, a Levi?
  2. ... remained with a son from both husbands?
  3. ... then married a Yisrael?
(b) And what is she permitted to eat if she had a son from the Yisrael too, and then first her Yisrael husband and then, her son from him, died?

(c) And what may she eat if ...

  1. ... her son from her Levi husband then died?
  2. ... her son from her Kohen husband then died, too?
(a) Exactly the same situation exists with regard to a bas Kohen who marries a Yisrael and a Levi but in the reverse.
If a bas Kohen marries a Yisrael, who dies leaving her with a son, and she then marries a Levi, who also dies leaving her with a son, can she eat ...
  1. ... Terumah?
  2. ... Ma'aser?
(b) What will be the Din if she then marries a Kohen, who dies, leaving behind a son?

(c) What happens if all three sons then die?

Answers to questions

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