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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 73

Please note that throughout the current Sugyos, Ma'aser refers to Ma'aser
Sheini (which must be eaten in Yerushalayim) unless otherwise specified.


(a) In which regard do we learn Pesach from Ma'aser?

(b) They asked Rav Sheishes whether an Areil is permitted to eat Ma'aser Sheini. If we can learn Pesach from Ma'aser with regard to Onan, why might we not learn Ma'aser from Pesach with regard to Arlus?

(a) Terumah and Bikurim have seven points in common (all of which do not apply to Ma'aser.
When is one Chayav ...
  1. ... Misah (bi'Yedei Shamayim) for eating them?
  2. ... to pay an extra fifth?
(b) Seeing as only a Kohen is permitted to eat them, what does 've'Hein Nechsei Kohen' mean?

(c) What is the Din by Ma'aser-Sheini money in this regard?

(a) Terumah and Bikurim become Bateil in a hundred and one.
How about Ma'aser?

(b) In which regard do they require Netilas Yadayim? What is the Din by Ma'aser?

(c) And a Kohen who Toveled must wait for nightfall before he is permitted to eat them.
How about Ma'aser?

(a) How do we try to resolve the She'eilah that they asked Rav Sheishes (whether an Areil is permitted to eat Ma'aser Sheini or not) from the above Beraisa?

(b) On which principle is our rejection of this proof based?

(c) Which two Chumros do Ma'aser and Bikurim have over Terumah to which all Tana'im unanimously agree?

(d) According to the Tana Kama, they are also forbidden to an Onan and are Chayavin be'Bi'ur.
What does 'Chayavin be'Bi'ur' mean?

(a) What does Rebbi Shimon say about Bikurim with regard to a Onan and the Chiyuv Bi'ur?

(b) One is also not permitted to burn Ma'aser and Bikurim as fuel.
Does one receive Malkos for eating them when they (the fruits) are Tamei?

(c) What is the Din by Terumah in these last two regards? Why does the Tana not add these two distinctions to the above list of differences?

(d) What does this have to do with the Tana's (alleged) omision with regard to the distinction between Terumah and Bikurim (which are forbidden to an Areil), and Ma'aser (which is permitted).

Answers to questions



(a) In the Pasuk in Re'ei "Lo Suchal le'Echol bi'She'arecha Ma'aser Degancha ... u'S'rumas Yadecha", what does "T'rumas Yadecha" refer to? Why can it not refer to Terumah?

(b) What does the Tana Kama learn from the Hekesh of Bikurim to Ma'aser?

(c) On what basis does Rebbi Shimon permit Bikurim to an Onan?

(d) And what is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Shimon, who exempts Bikurim from Bi'ur, and the Rabbanan, who include them in the obligation?

(a) What does Rebbi Shimon (and the Rabbanan) learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo (by Ma'aser Sheini) "ve'Lo Bi'arti Mimenu be'Tamei"?

(b) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "Nefesh Asher Tiga Bo ve'Tam'ah ad ha'Erev ve'Lo Yochal min ha'Kodshim"?

(c) How does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael explain the Pasuk in Re'ei (with regard to P'sulei ha'Mukdashin) "bi'She'arecha Sochlenu, ha'Tamei ve'ha'Tahor Yachdav ka'Tz'vi ve'cha'Ayal"?

(d) And what do we then learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "She'arecha" (in the Pasuk that we just quoted) "She'arecha" (in the Pasuk "Lo Suchal le'Echol bi'She'arecha Ma'aser Degancha")?

(a) What does Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan infer from the Pasuk "ve'Lo Bi'arti *Mimenu* be'Tamei"?

(b) Why do we preclude Terumah (which is generally more stringent than Ma'aser) from the prohibition of burning it as fuel when it is Tamei, rather than Kodshim (which we include on the grounds that it is more stringent than Ma'aser)?

(c) In fact, Kodshim has six Chumros over Terumah, whereas Terumah has only four Chumros over Kodshim.
What is the meaning of the acronym ...

  1. ... Pi.No.Ko.I.Ka.As?
  2. ... Mi.Ch.Pi.Z?
(d) We conclude that, even if Kodshim did not have more Chumros that Terumah, we would still preclude Terumah from "Mimenu", and include it from the 'Kal va'Chomer'.
Why is that?
9) What do we infer from the Pasuk (by P'sulei ha'Mukdashin) "bi'She'arecha Tochlenu"?

10) We learned above (see last question on the previous Amud) that the Tana omits cases in the Seifa (regarding the Chumros of Ma'aser and Bikurim over Terumah) in order to explain the omission (in the Reisha) of the Chumra of an Areil being prohibited by Terumah and Bikurim, but permitted by Ma'aser. Which Chumra (besides the fact that Terumah and Bikurim cannot be redeemed, whereas Ma'aser can) does Rav Ashi point out that the Tana omitted in the Reisha itself?

Answers to questions

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