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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 49

YEVAMOS 46-50 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) Who is a Mamzer according to ...
  1. ... Rebbi Akiva (in our Mishnah)?
  2. ... Shimon ha'Teimani?
  3. ... Rebbi Yehoshua?
(b) Like which of these Tana'im does our Mishnah rule?

(c) Whose opinion did the Megilas Yuchsin that they found in Yerushalayim follow?

(a) If a mans wife dies, he is permitted to marry her sister.
Is this also the case if ...
  1. ... he divorced her before she died?
  2. ... he divorced her and she married someone else?
  3. ... he divorced her and she married someone else and she died?
(b) If a man's Yevamah dies, he is permitted to marry her sister.
Is this also the case if ...
  1. ... he performs Chalitzah with her and she dies?
  2. ... he performs Chalitzah with her and she marries someone else and dies?
(a) Rebbi Akiva Darshens the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Lo Yikach Ish es Eishes Aviv, *ve'Lo Yegaleh K'naf Aviv*" like Rebbi Yehudah his Talmid.
To whom is the Pasuk referring, according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) What does Rebbi Akiva learn from the fact that the Pasuk "Lo Yavo Mamzer ... " is written just before the Pasuk of "Lo Yikach Ish ... "?

(c) Rebbi Sima'i includes the children of Chayvei La'avin that are not blood-relatives in Rebbi Akiva's list. Rebbi Yesheivav includes even Chayvei Asei.
What is an example of ...

  1. ... Chayvei La'avin that are not relatives?
  2. ... Chayvei Asei?
(d) What are the exceptions according to Rebbi Sima'i?
(a) Rebbi Sima'i and Rebbi Yesheivav both derive their opinions from the same source.
What is that source?

(b) Shimon ha'Teimani derives that a Mamzer is the product of Chayvei K'risus from the same source as the above Tana'im derive their respective opinions. He explains the Pasuk " ... ve'Lo Yegaleh K'naf Aviv" like the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yehudah.
How do *they* explain it?

(c) What problem does Rebbi Yehoshua have with the Pasuk "Lo Yikach Ish es Eishes Aviv, ve'Lo Yegaleh K'naf Aviv" (irrespective of whether "ve'Lo Yegaleh ... " refers to Anusas Aviv or to Shomeres Yavam shel Aviv)?

(d) So how does he therefore Darshen the Pasuk?

5) According to Rebbi Yehoshua, why does the Torah then insert "Lo Yegaleh ... " at all, if he holds that it refers to ...
  1. ... Shomeres Yavam.
  2. ... Anusas Aviv.
Answers to questions



(a) Abaye says that everyone agrees that the child of a Nidah and a Sotah is not a Mamzer.
Who does 'everyone' incorporate?

(b) Why is that?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Metzora "*va'Tehi* Nidasah Alav"?

(a) What does Abaye mean when he says that Kidushin is effective on a Sotah?

(b) What makes 'Sotah' a Chidush, according to Rebbi Akiva? In which similar case does he hold (earlier in the Perek) that the child *is* a Mamzer?

(c) Why is Sotah not a Chidush however, according to Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah?

(d) The Beraisa adds Shomeres Yavam to the above list. Abaye omits it because he is unsure whether to learn like Rav or Shmuel. Each one learns his opinion from the Pasuk "Lo *Sihyeh* Eishes ha'Meis le'Ish Zar".
How does ...

  1. ... Rav explain the Pasuk?
  2. ... Shmuel explain it?
(a) Shimon ben Azai in our Mishnah cites a Megilas Yuchsin that he found in Yerushalayim. In a Beraisa, he adds two statements that were written there. What does the Megilas Yuchsin write there with regard to the Mishnah of Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov?

(b) What was the third statement contained in the Megilah?

(a) What Kashya did Menasheh have on Yeshayah's statement ...
  1. ... "va'Er'eh es Hashem Yosheiv al Kisei Ram ve'Nisa"?
  2. ... "Dirshu Hashem be'Himatz'o"?
  3. ... (quoting Hashem to Chizkiyahu) "ve'Hosafti al Yamecha Chameish-Esrei Shanah"?
(b) How did Yeshayah justify each of these statements?

(c) Then why did he not tell this to Menasheh?

(a) How did Yeshayah die?

(b) Why did he die as Menasheh was sawing *his mouth*?

(c) Rebbi Akiva explains the Pasuk "es Mispar Yamecha Amalei to mean that Hashem will fill in the Tzadik's allotted years - but no more.
How did Rebbi Akiva reconcile his explanation with the Pasuk in Yeshayah ("ve'Hosafti al Yamecha Chameish-Esrei Shanah" (suggesting that Hashem added fifteen years to Chizkiyahu's life - like the Chachamim explained)?

(a) How does Rebbi Akiva prove his point from the Pasuk in Melachim 1 "Hinei Ben Nolad le'Beis David, Yoshiyahu Shemo"?

(b) How do the Rabbanan refute that proof?

(c) What did Rav Yosef say about our Mishnah, which teaches us that Achos Ishto is permitted after the death of his wife?

***** Hadran Alach ha'Choletz *****

Answers to questions

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