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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 15


(a) What will the child of a Tzaras ha'Bas be according to ...
  1. ... Beis Hillel, if we do like Beis Shamai?
  2. ... Beis Shamai, if we do like Beis Hillel?
(b) From where do we know that, in the former case, the baby is Pasul li'Kehunah, seeing as he is Kasher le'Kahal?

(c) Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri tried to get round this by instituting that a Tzaras Ervah must make Chalitzah.
Did he succeed in doing so?

(d) On what grounds did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel object to Raban Yochanan ben Nuri's Takanah?

(a) What do we try to prove from Raban Shimon ben Gamliel's objection?

(b) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak refute the proof? What does he mean when he says 'Lo Nitzrechah Ela le'Tzarah Atzmah'?

(c) What was the problem? Why could they not obligate the Tzaros of Beis Hillel to make Chalitzah there and then?

(d) So what if the Tzaros would become despicable in the eyes of their husbands?

(a) Rebbi Tarfon said in a Beraisa that he had a strong desire to marry a Tzaras ha'Bas.
Why did he say that? Is that not the opinion of Beis Shamai?

(b) How do we repudiate the proof from here that Beis Shamai practiced what they taught? How do we interpret 've'Esa'enah'?

(c) Then why did Rebbi Tarfon say that he had a desire to do that, seeing as everyone (even Beis Shamai) did that anyway (if we say 'Lo Asu')?

(a) Raban Gamliel's daughter was married to Aba his brother. When Aba died, Raban Gamliel performed Yibum with her Tzarah.
Why can we not possibly bring a proof from here that Beis Shamai practiced what they taught?

(b) Then on what grounds did Raban Gamliel perform Yibum with his daughter's Tzarah?

(c) But Acheirim in the Seifa says that she was an Aylonis, implying that the Tana Kama does not think so. Initially, we establish the Machlokes by 'Hikir Bah ve'Lo Hikir Bah'.
What will the Machlokes then be?

(d) The Gemara offers another two interpretations to the Machlokes. What does it mean by ...

1. ... 'Kanas ve'li'b'Sof Gireish Ika Beinayhu'? If Acheirim permitted the Tzarah to *Raban Gamliel*, because she was an Aylanis, on what grounds did the *Tana Kama* permit her?
2. ... 'Yesh T'nai be'Bi'ah Ika Beinayhu'? If Acheirim permitted the Tzarah to Raban Gamliel, because she was an Aylanis, on what grounds did the Tana Kama permit her? Why does Acheirim disagree with that?
(a) The Beraisa relates how Rebbi Akiva picked an Esrog on the first of Sh'vat and separated two Ma'asros.
Which two Ma'asros?

(b) What is the significance of the two Ma'asros?

(c) On what grounds do we reject the proof from here that Beis Shamai *practiced* what they taught? If they did *not*, then why did Rebbi Akiva contend with their opinion?

(a) What did Shamai do on Sukos when his daughter-in-law gave birth to a boy?

(b) Why is there no proof from here that Beis Shamai always practiced what they taught?

(a) What Shiur must a hole be to connect a Mikvah containing twenty Sa'ah to a complete Mikvah?

(b) What did Beis Shamai do to Shokes Yeihu? What was Shokes Yeihu?

(c) Why is there no proof from here either that Beis Shamai always practiced what they taught?

Answers to questions



(a) When Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok brought Rebbi Yochanan ha'Chorni olives in a year of drought, what prompted him to say that he did not eat olives? Why did he decline to accept them?

(b) What did Rebbi Tzadok instruct his son to tell Rebbi Yochanan ha'Chorni, to put his mind at ease?

(c) Beis Shamai do not require a hole to be drilled in a barrel which contains olives that have been slightly pressed.
What is the reason of Beis Hillel, who disagree?

(d) In which case do Beis Hillel concede that the juice is not Machshir, in spite of the fact that it cannot escape from the barrel?

9) Considering that Rebbi Yochanan ha'Chorni was a disciple of Shamai, how do we resolve our She'eilah (whether Beis Shamai practiced their opinion or not)?


(a) On what grounds was Rebbi Yehoshua reluctant to issue a ruling concerning Tzaras ha'Bas?

(b) What testimonial did he nevertheless give regarding two families in Yerushalayim?

(c) How do we prove from here that Beis Shamai did indeed practice their opinion?

(d) Considering that Rebbi Yehoshua's opinion is that 'Ein Mamzer Ela mei'Chayvei Misos Beis-Din, why was he afraid to rule like Beis Hillel, since Yevamah la'Shuk is no more than a Chayvei La'avin, and the children will not be Mamzeirim anyway, according to Beis Shamai?

(a) They initially asked Rebbi Yehoshua about Tzaros ha'Bas.
Why did he reply about their children?

(b) What is the point of the second She'eilah, seeing as the Halachah is not like Beis Shamai anyway?

(c) Why might the ruling by a child of a Machzir Gerushaso be different than that of an Almanah le'Kohen Gadol in this regard?

(d) So how did Rebbi Yehoshua finally rule regarding both She'eilos by Tzaros Ervah?

Answers to questions

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