REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 8
YEVAMOS 6, 7, 8, 9 (Chanukah) - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in
honor of Rav Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.
(a) If not for "Alehah", we would include Yibum by Achos Ishto and all the
Arayos from a 'Mah Matzinu' from Eishes Achiv (in spite of the fact that
there are two Isurim against the one of Eishes Achiv), because of 'Ho'il
Who would have had to marry first, his brother or
(b) Even assuming that his brother married first, which other condition
would need to be fulfilled in order to say 'Ho'il ve'Ishteri Ishteri' (and
to require "Alehah" to forbid Yibum)?
(c) To which case of 'Metzora she'Ra'ah Keri' would we compare our case if
he married before his brother died?
(a) Alternatively, we require "Alehah" to preclude Hekeisha de'Rebbi Yonah
(some say Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua).
What is Hekeisha de'Rebbi
Yonah? Regarding which Halachah did he say it?
(b) But how can we learn the other Arayos, where one transgresses *two*
La'avin, from Eishes Achiv, where one transgresses only *one*?
(c) We compare all the Arayos to Achos Ishto (to forbid Yibum - rather than
to Eishes Achiv, to permit it), for one of two reasons, one of them, because
whenever we have such an option, we always compare le'Chumra.
What is the
(a) According to Rava, we do not need "Alehah" to preclude Achos Ishto and
the other Arayos from Yibum.
(b) Then why *do* we need "Alehah"?
(c) How does Rava explain the words of ...
(d) But Rebbi himself quotes *two* Pesukim! According to Rava, what does he
learn from ...
- ... the Tana 'Ein Li Ela Hi' and 'Ein Li Ela Hein'?
- ... Rebbi in another Beraisa, who requires a Pasuk 'Le'esor Tzaros va'Arayos'?
- ... "u'Lekachah"?
- ... "ve'Yibmah"?
(a) What does Rav Ashi deduce from our Mishnah, which says 'Chameish-Esrei
Nashim Potros Tzaroseihen', but does not say 'Peturos'?
Answers to questions
(b) What is the problem with Rava's distinction between Ervah and Tzaras
Ervah (bearing in mind that the Torah writes "li'Tz'ror"?
(c) How does Rav Acha bar Bibi subsequently explain Rava? How does he
(a) How do we initially resolve Rami bar Chama's query as to why Rava does
not learn from "Alehah" that when there is no Mitzvah of Yibum, the Ervah
herself should be permitted?
(b) What is the snag with this answer?
(c) Why can we not learn that Achos Ishto (and the other Arayos) are
forbidden even when there is no Mitzvah of Yibum from "be'Chayehah"?
(d) But don't we know that already from "ve'Ishah el Achosah"?
(a) Rav Huna bar Tachlifo Amar Rava finally learns that the Arayos are
forbidden when there is no Mitzvah of Yibum, from the combination of two
Pesukim "Ishah el Achosah Lo Sikach" - suggesting that both womenand
"le'Galos Ervasah". How do these Pesukim seem to contradict each other?
(b) How do we extrapolate from here that the Arayos are forbidden even when
there is no Mitzvah of Yibum?
(c) Why can we not say the opposite: when there is *no* Mitzvah of Yibum,
let both the Ervah and her Tzarah be Asur, and when there *is*, let us
forbid the Ervah and permit the Tzarah?
(d) So perhaps "Ishah el Achosah Lo Sikach li'Tz'ror" comes to forbid both
the Ervah and the Tzarah when there is *no* Mitzvah, and "Alehah", to permit
both the Ervah and the Tzarah when there *is*.
(a) Rebbi learns Tzaras Ervah, not from "li'Tz'ror", but from "ve'Lakach
u'Lekachah", "ve'Yibem, ve'Yibmah". He explains "li'Tz'ror" like Rebbi
What does the Tana Kama say about three brothers, two of whom
married two sisters or a woman and her daughter, and both died and fell
before the Yavam?
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon hold?
(c) How does Rebbi extrapolate Tzaros from "ve'Lakach u'Lekachah"?
(d) How does he then go on to explain "ve'Yibem, ve'Yibmah"?
(a) The Rabbanan (who learn the above from "Alehah") explain "u'Lekachah"
like Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, who Darshens from there that Yibum makes
her a proper wife, whom he may later divorce and then remarry'.
Answers to questions
we otherwise have thought?
(b) What do they Darshen from "ve'Yibmah"?
(c) Rebbi learns Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina's Din from "u'Lekachah Lo
What does he learn from "Yevamah Yavo Alehah"?
(d) What are the ramifications of 'Im Ba Alehah Ba'al Korchah, Kan'ah'
(apart from the fact that he has fulfilled the Din of Yibum)?