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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yevamos 3

YEVAMOS 3 & 4 - dedicated by Dr. Eli Turkel (of Raanana) and family; may they be blessed with much Nachas from their children and grandchildren.


(a) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ...
  1. ... "Heinah" "Heinah" (by Bi'to me'Ishto and Bi'to me'Anusaso)?
  2. ... "Zimah" "Zimah"?
(b) If, as we just suggested, the Tana prefers what is learned from a D'rashah, which case ought he then to have been placed last (but did not)?

(c) What is wrong with saying that the Tana did not do so in order to include it together with the other cases of 'Achvasa'?

(a) So how do we finally explain the order of our Mishnah: 1. his daughter etc.; 2. his wife's daughter; 3. his mother-in-law etc.; 4. his sister and mother's sister (before his daughter-in-law); 5. his wife's sister?

(b) Why ought the Tana to have placed Kalaso before Eishes Achiv she'Lo Hayah be'Olamo?

(c) Then why does he revert the order?

(d) Why does he omit the case of Imo?

(a) Why does the Tana use the Lashon 'Potros' and not 'Osros'?

(b) May one perform *Chalitzah* with the Tzaros?

(c) Then why *does* the Tana say 'Potros' and not 'Osros'?

(d) Which Isur would someone who made Yibum with one of the Tzaros in our Mishnah be transgressing?

(a) The Tana found it necessary to mention that they are also exempt from Chalitzah, because we would otherwise have thought that the Chiyuv Chalitzah remains.
Why are they, in fact, Patur from Chalitzah?

(b) In which cases *do* we say Choletzes ve'Lo Misyabemes?

(c) Why does the Tana place Chalitzah before Yibum? Who is the author of our Mishnah?

(d) What do the Rabbanan say?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana begins with 'Fifteen women' (even though we can count them ourselves), and ends with 'Harei Eilu Potros ... '. These two 'Mi'utim' come to preclude Rav and Rav Asi.
What do Rav and Rav Asi say (regarding a Tzaras Sotah and a Tzaras Aylonis respectively)?

(b) According to Rav and Rav Asi, the Mishnah comes to preclude one or both of (depending whether they hold like each other or not) Tzaras Mema'enes and Tzaras Machzir Gerushaso. What is the case of ...

  1. ... a Tzaras Mema'enes? Why is she forbidden?
  2. ... a Tzaras Machzir Gerushaso?
(c) Why does our Mishnah not include them?

(d) According to Rav and Rav Asi, why does the Tana not insert Tzaras Sotah and Tzaras Aylonis in our Mishnah?

(a) What do we learn from ...
  1. ... the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Yevamah Yavo *Alehah*" "ve'Ishah el Achosah Lo Sikach li'Tz'ror *Alehah* be'Chayehah"?
  2. ... "li'Tz'ror"?
(b) We learn the other fourteen cases in our Mishnah by means of a Binyan Av from Achos Ishah.
In which four points are they all similar to Achos Ishah?
(a) If one of the six Arayos listed in the next Mishnah (on Daf 13a: mother, father's wife, father's sister, maternal sister, father's brother's wife and paternal brother's wife) married someone else (not one's brother), would one be permitted to marry their Tzarah if their husband died?

(b) Why is she not forbidden because of Tzaras Ervah?

(c) We now know the Isur of making Yibum with an Ervah or a Tzaras Ervah from "li'Tz'ror".
From where do we know the punishment?

8) If not for the Pasuk "Alehah", we would have said that Achos Ishah is included in the Din of Yibum.
On what grounds do we immediately refute the suggestion that this is because of the principle 'Asei Docheh Lo Sa'aseh'?

Answers to questions

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