POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 106
YEVAMOS 106 - dedicated anonymously by a student of Rabbi Kornfeld's in N.Y.
1) A MISTAKEN CHALITZAH
(a) (Beraisa): One who does Chalitzah by mistake, it is
(b) Question: What is Chalitzah by mistake?
(c) Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): They tell him, by doing
Chalitzah, you will be allowed to do Yibum.
1. Objection (R. Yochanan): We learned in a Mishnah,
whether he intended but not her, or she intended but
not him, the Chalitzah is invalid unless both have
(d) Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): Rather, they tell him, if you do
Chalitzah, you will receive 200 Zuz.
(e) Support (Beraisa): Chalitzah by mistake is valid.
1. Question: What is Chalitzah by mistake?
(f) A case occurred of a woman that fell to an unworthy
Yavam. They told him, do Chalitzah and you will receive
200 Zuz. R. Chiya ruled, the Chalitzah is valid.
2. Answer: They tell him, do Chalitzah, and she will
give you 200 Zuz.
(g) A Yavam and Yevamah came in front of R. Chiya Bar Aba. He
told her to do Yibum.
1. Her mother: It is better that she not do Yibum.
(h) The daughter of Rav Papa's mother-in-law fell to an
2. R. Chiya Bar Aba: Do you know the nature of the
3. Her mother: Yes - he saw that she has money, and he
wants to consume it.
4. R. Chiya Bar Aba (to the Yevamah): Do you want him?
5. The Yevamah: No.
6. R. Chiya Bar Aba (to the Yavam): Do Chalitzah, and
then you may do Yibum.
7. After he did Chalitzah, R. Chiya Bar Aba told him
that she cannot do Yibum, and he should now do a
proper Chalitzah which will permit her to marry a
1. Abaye: Do Chalitzah, and this will allow you to do
2. Rav Papa: Don't you hold as R. Yochanan, who says
that this is invalid?
3. Abaye: What should I tell him?
4. Rav Papa: Say that he will receive 200 Zuz for doing
5. After he did Chalitzah, Abaye told her to pay the
6. Rav Papa: She was just fooling him.
i. (Beraisa): A man was fleeing jail, and the
ferry was in front of him. He offered the
ferryman a Dinar to take him across - he only
owes the usual fare.
7. Abaye: Where are your parents (that they support
you, enabling you to become so sharp)?
ii. This is because, he can say, I was just joking
(when I offered a Dinar).
iii. Also by Chalitzah, she can say, she was just
8. Rav Papa: In the city.
i. Because of Abaye's envy (he was an orphan), Rav
Papa's parents died.
(a) (Beraisa): One who is tricked into doing Chalitzah, the
Chalitzah is valid; one who is tricked into giving a Get,
the Get is invalid;
(b) One who is forced to do Chalitzah, the Chalitzah is
invalid; one who is forced to give a Get, the Get is
(c) Question: What is the case (of being forced)?
1. Suggestion: If he said, I consent - a forced
Chalitzah should also be valid!
(d) Answer: The Beraisa says thusly: One who is tricked into
doing Chalitzah, the Chalitzah is always valid; one who
is tricked into giving a Get, the Get is always invalid;
2. Suggestion: If he did not say, I consent - a forced
Get should also be invalid!
(e) One who is forced to do Chalitzah, or give a Get -
sometimes they are valid, sometimes not.
1. If he said, I consent - it is valid; if not, not.
(f) The same applies to Gitin - we force him until he says
that he consents.
2. (Beraisa): "He will bring (the sacrifice)" - this
teaches, we force him.
3. One might think, against his will - the Torah says,
"According to his will".
i. We force him until he says that he consents.
(g) (Rava citing Rav Safra): We oversee Chalitzah, even if we
do not know that they are the Yavam and Yevamah; we
oversee Mi'un, even if we do not recognize her.
1. Therefore, we do not write a document of Chalitzah
or Mi'un unless we recognize them - we are concerned
for a Beis Din that will err.
(h) (Rava himself): We only oversee Chalitzah if we recognize
the Yavam and Yevamah; we only oversee Mi'un if we
1. Therefore, we do may write a document of Chalitzah
or Mi'un even if we do not recognize them; we are
not concerned for a Beis Din that will err.
3) THE CHALITZAH CEREMONY
(a) (Mishnah): The Mitzvah of Chalitzah: The Yavam and
Yevamah come to Beis Din. They give him a proper counsel
- "The elders will speak to him".
4) THE SPIT
(b) She says, "My Yevamah refuses to stand up seed for his
brother in Yisrael; he does not want to do Yibum with
me"; he says, "I do not want to take her" - these are
said in Hebrew.
(c) The Yevamah draws close to the Yavam, in view of the
judges, and removes his shoe. She spits in front of him,
and the judges must see the spit. She says, "So will be
done to the man that will not build his brother's house."
(d) They used to read this much; R. Hurkinus would complete
the passage, and this became the custom.
(e) "He will be called in Yisrael, the house of the removed
shoe" - the Mitzvah is for the judges to say this, not
the Talmidim; R. Yehudah says, it is a Mitzvah on all
present to say "The one whose shoe was removed".
(f) (Gemara - Rav Yehudah): The Mitzvah of Chalitzah - she
reads; he reads; she removes his shoe; she spits; she
(g) Question: What does he teach - the Mishnah says this!
(h) Answer: He teaches, this is only a Mitzvah Lechatchilah -
if the order was reversed, it is not a problem.
1. Support (Beraisa): Whether she removed the shoe
before spitting, or spat before removing, what she
did, she did.
(i) (Abaye): One who recites for the Yevamah and Yavam the
passages they should say (if they do not know them) - he
should not have her say "no" by itself, and "He wants to
do Yibum with me" by itself - this would connote, (No,)
he wants to do Yibum!
1. Rather, they should be said together - "He does not
want to do Yibum with me".
(j) He should not have him say "no" by itself, and "I want"
by itself - this would connote, (No,) I want to take her!
1. Rather, he should say - "I do not want to take her".
(k) (Rava): This is a mere pause, and pauses are no concern.
(l) Rav Kahana was struggling to get a Yevamah to say "He
does not want to do Yibum with me" without pausing.
1. Rav Ashi: Don't you hold as Rava, that there is no
problem if they pause in the middle?!
(m) (Abaye): One who writes a Chalitzah document must write:
'We had her read from "My Yavam refuses" until "He does
not want to do Yibum with me"; we had him read from "I do
not" until "To take her"; we had her read from "so" until
"The one whose shoe was removed".'
2. Rav Kahana: Rava admits, "He does not want to do
Yibum with me" must be said without pause.
(n) Mar Zutra scratched a line (to help write straightly) and
wrote the entire passage.
(o) Question (Mar Bar Rav Ashi): But one may not write
passages of the Torah!
1. The law is as Mar Zutra.
(a) (Abaye): If she spit and the wind carried the spit (away
from the Yavam), it is as if she did not spit.
1. This is because we require "She will spit in front
(b) (Rava): If she ate garlic or earth and spit, it is as if
she did not spit.
2. If he is tall and she is short, even if the wind
carries the spit, it was in front of him; if she is
tall and he is short, we require that the spit
should pass in front of his face before the wind
1. We require that she should spit by herself (not that
a food caused the saliva).
(c) (Rava): The judges must see the spit when it leaves her
mouth - "She will spit, in the view of the judges."
(d) (Mishnah): "His name will be called in Yisrael, the house
whose shoe was removed" - the Mitzvah is for the judges
to say this, not the Talmidim.
(e) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): A Yevamah did Chalitzah before R.
Tarfon - he told us all to say, "The one whose shoe was
removed, the one whose shoe was removed, the one whose
shoe was removed."