POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 105
YEVAMOS 104 & 105 (6 & 7 Adar II) - have been dedicated by Harav
Avi Feldman & family in memory of his father, the Tzadik Harav
Yisrael Azriel ben Harav Chaim (Feldman) of Milwaukee
(Yahrzeit: 6 Adar)
1) IS SPITTING ESSENTIAL?
(a) (Beraisa): If she removed the shoe but did not spit or
read the verses, the Chalitzah is valid; if she spit but
did not remove the shoe or read the verses, the Chalitzah
is invalid; if she read the verses but did not spit or
remove the shoe, there is nothing to be concerned for.
2) CAN A DECREE BE REPEALED?
(b) Question: Who taught this Beraisa?
1. Suggestion: If R. Eliezer - but the Beraisa says, if
she removed the shoe but did not spit or read the
verses, the Chalitzah is valid - and R. Eliezer
says, "So will be done" - every action is essential
(c) Answer: Rather, the Beraisa is as R. Akiva - and it says,
if she spit but did not remove the shoe or read the
verses, the Chalitzah is invalid.
(d) Question: To whom is it invalid?
1. Suggestion: If to permit her to strangers -
obviously, such a Chalitzah does not permit her!
(e) Rather, it disqualifies her to the brothers.
(f) Question: According to R. Akiva, why is she disqualified
when she just spits, but not for just reading the verses?
(g) Answer: Verses are read both before and after removing
the shoe, people that see her reading will not assume
that she already removed the shoe;
1. Spitting is only done after removing the shoe - one
who sees her spit will assume that she already took
off the shoe, and (if she would do Yibum) they will
think that one may do Yibum after Chalitzah.
(h) Version #2: A Yevamah that spit takes off the shoe, and
she need not spit again.
1. This is as the Yevamah that came before R, Ami. She
spit before taking off the shoe.
(i) R. Aba thought that R. Ami was pushing him off (with a
false response); he later found that the answer was
2. R. Ami: She should take off the shoe, and she will
3. R. Aba: But she must spit!
4. R. Ami: She already spit!
5. R. Aba: Let her spit again - it can't hurt!
6. R. Ami: A calamity may result if she spits again -
people will say, the first spitting has no effect,
and they will permit a Chalutzah to do Yibum!
7. R. Aba: But the events must be done in order!
8. R. Ami: The order is not essential.
1. (Beraisa): Whether the shoe was removed before she
spit, or she spit before she removed the shoe, what
was done, was done.
(a) Questions: Can a woman without hands do Chalitzah? If a
Yevamah spit blood, does this count as spitting? "...
That is written in truth" - is there (Sacred) writing
which is not truthful?!
3) CHALITZAH OF A MINOR
1. Levi could not answer; he asked in the Beis Midrash.
(b) Answers (Beis Midrash): It doesn't say, she will take off
his shoe with her hand! It doesn't say, she will spit
1. "That is written in truth" - a decree which Hash-m
swore to can not be repealed; if He did not swear to
it, it can be repealed.
(c) (Beraisa): There was a family in Yerushalayim that the
people were dying at the age of 18.
i. (Rav Shmuel Bar Ami): A decree with an oath is
not torn up - "Therefore I swore to the house
of Eli, their sin will never be atoned with
animal or flour offerings".
ii. (Rabah): It will never be atoned with animal or
flour offerings, but it may be atoned through
iii. (Abaye): It will never be atoned with animal or
flour offerings, but it may be atoned through
iv. Rabah and Abaye were from the house of Eli.
Rabah engaged in Torah and lived 40 years;
Abaye engaged in Torah and Chesed, and lived 60
1. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: Perhaps you are from the
house of Eli - "All increase of your house will die
as men". Go engage in Torah, and live!
(d) (Rav Shmuel Bar Unya): The decree of a congregation is
2. They engaged in Torah and lived - they called the
(e) Objection: This cannot be! "... Your sin is sealed in
front of me"!
(f) Correction: Rather, even if the decree is sealed, it can
be torn up - "Who is as Hash-m our L-rd, whenever we call
(g) Contradiction: "Seek Hash-m when He is to be found"!
(h) Resolution: He is always available to a congregation, but
not always to an individual.
(i) Question: When is He available to an individual?
(j) Answer (Rabah Bar Avuha): The 10 days between Rosh
Hashanah and Yom Kipur.
(a) (Rabanan): A Yevamah that spit blood must do Chalitzah
(and not Yibum) - certainly, there were drops of saliva
with the blood.
(b) Question (Beraisa): One might think, blood which comes
from the mouth or the Ever of a Zav is Tamei - "His
seminal emission is Tamei", not blood which comes from
his mouth or Ever. (If the blood contains saliva, it is
(c) Answer: If she draws the spit from her throat, there will
be saliva in the blood; if it flows from her mouth, there
need not be.
(d) (Mishnah): A deaf Yavam that did Chalitzah ...(or a
minor, the Chalitzah is invalid, and disqualifies her
from doing Yibum).
(e) (Rav Yehudah): The Mishnah is as R. Meir - but Chachamim
say, the Chalitzah of a minor has no effect.
4) HOW MANY JUDGES ARE NEEDED?
(f) (Mishnah): A Yevamah that is a minor that did Chalitzah
(g) (Rav Yehudah): This is as R. Meir, who says that the
Torah says a man (adult), and we equate the law of the
Yavam to the Yevamah - but Chachamim say, the Torah said
that the Yavam must be an adult, but she may be an adult
(h) Question: Who are the Chachamim?
(i) Answer: R. Yosi.
1. R. Chiya and R. Shimon Bar Rebbi were sitting. One
said, "One who Davens must look down - "My eyes and
heart will always be there (Eretz Yisrael)".
(j) R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi was walking to his place.
2. The other said, his eyes should face up - "We will
lift our hearts to our hands".
3. R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi: My father said, his eyes
should be down, and his heart up, to fulfill both
1. Avdan: Who (appears to) step on the heads of the
(k) (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): Blessed is Hash-m, who
embarrassed Avdan in this world,
2. R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi: I am R. Yishmael Bar R.
Yosi, I came to learn Torah from Rebbi.
3. Avdan: Are you fitting to learn Torah from Rebbi?
4. R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi: Was Moshe fitting to learn
5. Avdan: Are you Moshe?
6. R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi: Is your Rebbi Hash-m?
i. (Rav Yosef): Rebbi contemplated punishing Avdan
for not objecting that R. Yishmael called him
7. A Yevamah came before Rebbi; he told Avdan to check
if she is an adult; he left.
8. R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi: Father said, the Torah said
that he must be an adult, but she may be an adult or
9. Rebbi: There is no need to check her - the elder has
10. Avdan was returning to his place.
11. R. Yishmael Bar R. Yosi: One who is needed by the
Holy nation, may step on the heads of the Holy
nation; one who is not needed by the Holy nation,
how can he step on the heads of the Holy nation?!
12. Rebbi (to Avdan): Stay in your place.
i. (Beraisa): Just then, Avdan became leprous, his
2 sons drowned, and his 2 daughters-in-law did
(l) (R. Ami): From R. Yosi, we learn that a Yevamah that is
at the age of Pa'utos (6-10, depending on how sharp she
is) may do Chalitzah.
(m) (Rava): She must reach the age of vows (1 year before
(n) The law is, she must bring 2 hairs (i.e. adulthood).
(a) (Mishnah): If she did Chalitzah in front of 2 ...
(b) (Rav Nachman): The law is not as R. Shimon and R.
(c) Question: Rav Nachman already taught this!
1. (Rav Nachman): Chalitzah requires 3 judges.
(d) Answer: Had Rav Nachman only said that 3 are required, we
might have thought, this is only Lechatchilah, but
b'Di'eved, 2 suffice - therefore, he had to rule against
R. Shimon and R. Yochanan ha'Sandlar.
1. Had Rav Nachman only said that the law is as the 1st
Tana of the Mishnah (that 3 are enough), we might
think, this is only b'Di'eved; but Lechatchilah, 5
are needed - therefore, he had to say that 3 are
(e) (Mishnah): A case occurred ...
(f) Question: If they did Chalitzah by themselves - how do we
know they really did?
(g) (Rav Yehudah): Witnesses saw them from the outside.
(h) Question: Did they do Chalitzah outside the jail, and ask
R. Akiva in jail - or, was the Chalitzah in jail?
(i) Answer (Rav Yehudah): The Chalitzah was in jail, and they
asked R. Akiva in jail.