POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 99
YEVAMOS 99 (1 Adar Bet, 5760) - dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit
of Mordecai ben Elimelech Shmuel Kornfeld, who perished in the
Holocaust along with most of his family. May the martyrs of
the Holocaust atone for Klal Yisrael like Korbanos and bring,
in their merit, the return of Hashem to Tziyon, speedily in
1) YIBUM OF MEN OF UNKNOWN FATHERS
(a) (Beraisa): A man can do Chalitzah to his mother because
of doubt, to his sister because of doubt, to his daughter
because of doubt.
2) A MAN MIXED UP WITH HIS NEPHEW
1. To his mother: His mother and another woman - each
had a son; later, each had another son, and these
children got mixed up. Each certain son married the
other son's mother; they died without children. Each
of the doubtful children does Chalitzah to both
women - it turns out, each did Chalitzah to his
mother (and his Yevamah).
(b) (Beraisa - R. Meir): A man and his wife can give birth to
children from 5 different nations.
2. To his sister: Reuven's mother married a man after
being widowed or divorced from Reuven's father. She
and another woman each had a daughter, and these
children got mixed up. Reuven had 2 paternal
brothers from a different mother - they married the
2 girls, and died without children. Reuven does
Chalitzah to both women, one of whom is his sister.
3. To his daughter: Reuven's wife and another woman
each had a daughter, and these children got mixed
up. Reuven's 2 brothers married the 2 girls, and
died without children. Reuven does Chalitzah to both
women, one of whom is his daughter.
1. A Yisrael buys a slave couple with 2 children, one
of whom converted - they have 1 son a Norchri, 1 a
(c) Question: What do we learn from this?
2. The parents immersed to become Kanani slaves, and
had a child - now they also have a slave son.
3. The master freed the mother, and she had relations
with her 'husband' - the child is a Mamzer.
4. The master freed the father also, and they had a
child - their 5 children are a Nochri, convert,
slave, Mamzer and Yisrael.
(d) Answer: That a Nochri or slave that has relations with a
Bas Yisrael, the child is a Mamzer.
(e) (Beraisa): A man can sell his father to collect his
1. A Yisrael bought a slave couple with a son. The
master freed the mother and married her, and gave
all his property to her son. The son sells his
father to enable his mother to collect her Kesuvah.
(f) Question: What do we learn from this?
(g) Answer #1: The Beraisa is R. Meir - we learn that even
though slaves are Metaltelim, there is a lien on them to
pay a Kesuvah.
(h) Answer #2: (The Beraisa is as Chachamim that argue on R.
Meir) - we learn that slaves are as land.
(a) (Mishnah): Leah's son was mixed up with her
daughter-in-law's son. The children grew up and married
women and died. Sons of the daughter-in-law do Chalitzah,
not Yibum - the widow is either the wife of their
brother, or the wife of their father's brother;
(b) Leah's sons do Yibum or Chalitzah - the widow is either
the wife of their brother, or the wife of the son of
their brother (which is permitted).
(c) If the Kosher children die - to wives of Leah's sons, the
doubtful children do Chalitzah but not Yibum - the widow
is either the wife of their brother, or the wife of their
(d) If the daughter-in-law's children die, one doubtful child
does Chalitzah, the other, Yibum (the widow is either the
wife of his brother, or the wife of his brother's son).
(e) A Kohen's wife whose son was mixed up with her slave's
son - the children may eat Terumah; they receive 1 share
at the granaries;
(f) They may not become Tamei by contact with a corpse; they
cannot marry women, neither Kosher nor disqualified.
(g) They grew up and freed each other. The following laws
apply to each one:
1. He marries a woman fit for a Kohen;
(h) (Gemara) Question: Why does it call the certain children
Kesherim - because these are mixed up, they are
2. He may not become Tamei - if he did, he is not
3. He does not eat Terumah - if he ate, he does not pay
the principle, nor add a fifth;
4. He does not receive a share of Terumah at the
granaries; he sells Terumah that he separates from
his own produce, and keeps the money;
5. He does not get a share of Kodshim of the Temple, if
he comes to offer a sacrifice, we do not seize it
6. He is exempt from giving the foreleg, jaw and
stomach of a Chulin animal;
7. His firstborn animals graze until they get a
8. We put on him the stringencies of a Kohen and a
(i) Answer (Rav Papa): Rather, say, the certain children.
(j) (Mishnah): To the children of the daughter-in-law, 1 does
Chalitzah, the other, Yibum.
1. Chalitzah must be done before Yibum - but not Yibum
first, lest he is from the mother-in-law, and the
Shomeres Yavam transgresses having relations with a
(k) (Mishnah): A Kohen's wife whose son got mixed up ...
(l) Question: Obviously, they only get one share at the
(m) Answer: Our Mishnah is as the opinion that we only
distribute Terumah to a slave if his master is with him.
(n) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): We only distribute Terumah to a
slave if his master is with him; R. Yosi says, he can
say, if I am a Kohen, give for my sake; if I am a slave,
give me for my master.
1. In R. Yehudah's area, they would establish a person
as having proper lineage (for marriage) if he
received Terumah; in R. Yosi's area, they would not
establish a person as having proper lineage just
because he received Terumah.
(o) (Beraisa - R. Elazar Bar Tzadok): I only testified once,
and they established a slave as a Kohen based on my
(p) Question: Can this really be? Hash-m does not allow a
pitfall to come even through the animals of Tzadikim, all
the more so, through Tzadikim themselves!
(q) Correction: Rather, they sought to establish a slave as a
Kohen based on his testimony.
1. He saw a man receive Terumah in R. Yosi's area, and
testified in R. Yehudah's area.
(r) (Beraisa): There are 10 people that we do not distribute
Terumah to them at the granaries: a deaf person, lunatic
or minor; a Tumtum or Androginus; a slave or woman; an
Arel or Tamei person; and a Kohen married to a woman
forbidden to him.
1. All of them, we send to their houses, except for a
Tamei or a Kohen that married a woman forbidden to
(s) We understand, a deaf person, lunatic or minor - they
(t) We also understand a Tumtum or Androginus - they are
creations unto themselves;