POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 86
YEVAMOS 86-90 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) WIDOWS THAT EAT TERUMAH AND MA'ASER
(a) (Beraisa - R. Meir): Terumah is given to a Kohen, and
Ma'aser to a Levi;
2) MAY KOHANIM EAT MA'ASER?
(b) R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah permits it to a Kohen.
1. Question: To imply, there is an opinion that says it
(c) Correction: R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah says it may be given
even to a Kohen.
(d) Question: What is R. Meir's reason?
(e) Answer (Rav Acha Brei d'Rava, on tradition): "The Ma'aser
... Terumah" - just as Terumah is forbidden to a
non-Kohen, so Ma'aser is forbidden to a non-Levi.
1. Suggestion: Just as a non-Kohen that eats Terumah is
liable to death (at the hands of Heaven, if he ate
it intentionally) and must add a fifth when paying
for what he ate unintentionally, we should say the
same by Ma'aser!
(f) Chachamim learn, just as failure to separate Terumah
makes produce Tevel (i.e. forbidden to eat), so too by
2. Rejection: "They will die for it ... and add a fifth
on it" - "for it", and not for Ma'aser, "on it", and
not on Ma'aser.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi): One might think, one is only
liable for Tevel from which nothing has been
separated; how do we know, one is liable if Terumah
has been separated, but not Ma'aser Rishon; Ma'aser
Rishon, but not Ma'aser Sheni, or even Ma'aser Ani?
(g) Question: You cannot say the Mishnah is as R. Meir - the
end of the Mishnah says, a Bas Levi to a Kohen, or a Bas
Kohen to a Levi may not eat Terumah nor Ma'aser!
2. "You cannot eat in your gates"; another verse says,
"They will eat in your gates".
i. Just as the latter verse speaks of Ma'aser Ani,
also the former, and the Torah forbids eating
it (Tevel to Ma'aser Ani).
3. If only from these verses, one might think, it is
only Chayavei Lavin; the comparison to Terumah
teaches that one is liable to death.
1. Since R. Meir says that a Kohen may eat Ma'aser,
there is no reason why she should not eat!
(h) Answer #1 (Rav Sheshes): 'She does not eat' means, she
does not authorize separating (Terumah or Ma'aser).
1. Question: This implies, if married, she may
(i) Answer #2 (Mar Brei d'Ravna): 'She does not eat' means,
she does receive (Terumah or Ma'aser) at the granaries.
2. Answer: Yes! (Beraisa): "You will eat ... and your
household" - this teaches that a Bas Yisrael married
to a Levi may authorize separation of Ma'aser;
3. Question: Perhaps this teaches that she may eat?
4. Answer: We already know this from a Kal v'Chomer!
i. Terumah is stringent, yet a Bas Yisrael married
to a Kohen may eat it; Ma'aser, which is
lenient, all the more so a Levi's wife may eat
1. This fits well according to the opinion that the
reason why women don't receive at the granaries is
because it will lead to seclusion.
(j) Question: If so, even if married, she should not receive!
2. Question: According to the opinion that the reason
is because she may be divorced (and continue to
receive) - even if the Bas Levi is divorced from the
Kohen, she may still eat Ma'aser!
3. Counter-question: If a Bas Kohen is divorced (from a
Kohen), she is also allowed to eat Terumah (so why
can't she collect while married?)!
i. You must say, it is a decree on account of a
Bas Yisrael, lest she be divorced from a Kohen
(similarly, we decree by Ma'aser on account of
a Bas Yisrael).
(k) Answer: That is true! Since the beginning of the Mishnah
talked of engagement, also the end.
(a) (Beraisa - R. Akiva): Terumah is given to a Kohen, and
Ma'aser to a Levi; R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah says, to a
(b) Question: To a Kohen, but not to a Levi?!
3) WHEN A WIDOW EATS TERUMAH AND MA'ASER
(c) Correction: Rather, even to a Kohen.
(d) Question: What is R. Akiva's reason?
(e) Answer: The Torah says, "To the Levi'im"!
1. R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah holds as R. Yehoshua Ben
(f) R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah used to receive Ma'aser from a
certain woman. R. Akiva switched her door to open to a
i. (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): In 24 places, Kohanim
are called Levi'im - for example, "The Kohanim,
the Levi'im the son of Tzadok".
2. R. Akiva says, this cannot apply here - "You will
eat it in all places", and a Kohen cannot eat it in
3. R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah says, this verse comes to
teach that it need not be eaten within the walls of
Yerushalayim, and one is not lashed for eating it if
he is Tamei.
1. R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah: Akiva with his sack - what
will be of my livelihood?
(g) Question: Why were Levi'im fined (that others should
(h) R. Yonason and elders gave different answers.
1. Answer #1: They did not come to Eretz Yisrael in the
days of Ezra.
(i) Retraction: Rather, all agree that the fine was because:
They did not come to Eretz Yisrael in the days of Ezra;
they argue, who received Ma'aser as a result of the fine.
2. Answer #2: In order that Kohanim should have what to
eat when they are Tamei.
3. Objection: That is no reason to fine the Levi'im!
1. Opinion #1: It was given to the poor.
(j) Question: How do we know that Levi'im did not return in
the days of Ezra?
2. Opinion #2: A Kohen, when he is Tamei, is as a poor
3. According to the opinion that it was given to the
poor, we understand why R. Akiva switched her door
to the cemetery (rich Kohanim are not entitled to
4. Question: According to the opinion that Kohanim
receive it, why did he switch the door?
5. Answer: He was telling R. Eliezer Ben Azaryah - if
you are taking it because of the fine, you are
entitled to it; if you believe that mid'Oraisa
Kohanim receive it, you are not entitled to it.
(k) Answer: "I did not find a Levi".
(l) (Rav Chisda): Originally, officers were only appointed
from Levi'im - "The officers, the Levi'im in front of
1. Today, we only appoint from Yisrael - "The officers
of the many in front of you."
(a) (Mishnah): A Bas Yisrael that married a Kohen eats
Terumah; if he died, and she has a son from him, she eats
1. If she married a Levi, she eats Ma'aser; if he died,
and she has a son from him, she eats Ma'aser;
2. If she married a Yisrael, she may not eat Terumah
nor Ma'aser; if he died, and she has a son from him,
she eats neither Terumah nor Ma'aser;
3. If her son from the Yisrael died, she may eat
Ma'aser; if her son from the Levi died, she may eat
Terumah; if her son from the Kohen died, she may not
eat Terumah nor Ma'aser;