POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 75
1) THE DIFFERENT STAGES OF PURIFICATION
(a) "She will not touch any Kodesh" - to include Terumah!
2) A PETZU'A DAKA
1. Answer (Rava): Rather, we must say that the verse
gives laws both of Terumah and Kodshim.
(b) There are 3 verses by Terumah; all are needed.
1. From "Until he will be Tahor", we would not know
when this is - it had to say, "At nightfall, he will
(c) The Tana that argues on Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael says that
the Torah speaks of a Zav that saw 3 emissions and of an
absolute leper; he says that "Until he becomes Tahor"
means, when he brings his sacrifice.
2. If only these verses, we would think this is for one
who is not Mechusar Kipurim; but a Mechusar Kipurim
cannot eat until he brings his sacrifice -
therefore, it wrote "Until the completion of her
days of purification".
3. If only this last verse, we would think that
immersion is not needed - therefore, it had to say,
"Until he will become Tahor".
(d) Question: Why does he require 2 verses by Kodshim?
(e) Answer: If the Torah only wrote that a woman that gave
birth must first bring her sacrifice, we would think,
this is because she is Teme'ah for a long time, but a Zav
could eat before bringing his sacrifice.
1. If the Torah only wrote that a Zav must first bring
his sacrifice, we would think, this is because
emissions always make him Tamei; but one who gave
birth, who can become Tehorah even while seeing
blood (of purification), could eat before bringing
(f) Question: Why do we need "He will immerse and be Tamei
(g) Answer (R. Zeira): To say that he makes Terumah Tamei if
he touches it before nightfall.
1. (Beraisa): "And he will be Tamei" - one might think,
regarding everything - therefore, it says "And he
will be Tahor".
(h) Alternatively, "She will not touch any Kodesh, and will
not come to the Temple" - this warns a Tevul Yom not to
2. One might think, regarding everything - therefore,
it says "And he will be Tamei".
3. Resolution: He is Tahor regarding Ma'aser, and Tamei
4. Question: Perhaps we should say the opposite!
5. Answer: Presumably, just as eating Terumah is more
stringent than eating Ma'aser, also touching it is
(i) Question: Perhaps this is a warning not to touch Terumah!
(j) Answer: "She will not touch any Kodesh, and will not come
to the Temple" - the touching referred to is similar to
coming to the Temple, for which one is liable to death
(at the hands of Heaven) - this must mean, eating, since
one is not liable to death for touching.
1. The verse says "touch" to teach that touching
Terumah is as eating it (one that may not eat it may
not touch it).
(a) (Mishnah): A Petzu'a Daka ...
(b) Question: Who taught our Mishnah, that a woman engaged to
a man to whom she is forbidden mi'Dioraisa, may eat
(c) Answer #1 (R. Elazar): The Tana'im argue on this; our
Mishnah is as R. Elazar and R. Shimon.
(d) Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): Our Mishnah can even be as R.
Meir - our Mishnah is a case where she already ate
(before he became a Petzu'a Daka).
1. R. Elazar says, the fact that she already ate does
not change matters - if it did help, a Bas Yisrael
(e) (Beraisa) Question: What constitutes a Petzu'a Daka?
that was widowed from a Kohen would continue to eat!
2. R. Yochanan says, that case is different, since the
Kohen's acquisition of her lapses when he dies.
(f) Answer: Any man whose Beitzim were cut, even 1 of them,
even if they were punctured, shriveled, or incomplete;
(g) R. Yishmael, son of R. Yochanan Ben Brokah says, anyone
who only has 1 Beitzah is a Seris Chamah (a Eunuch
because of sickness) and is Kosher (permitted to marry).
1. Question: This cannot be!
(h) Question: One whose Beitzim are punctured - (is he really
a Petzu'a Daka) and he cannot have children?
2. Correction: Rather, he is as a Seris Chamah and is
1. There was a man that climbed a date tree, whose
Beitzim were punctured by a thorn, and he had
(i) Answer: Shmuel declared that his children are Mamzerim
(i.e. his wife must have become pregnant through another
3) WHICH CUTS ARE A PROBLEM
(j) (Rav Yehudah): A Petzu'a Daka at the hands of Heaven is
1. (Rava): This is why we say Petzu'a Daka, and not the
(k) (Beraisa): It says, "A Petzu'a Daka will not marry", and
right after this, "A Mamzer will not marry"; just as a
Mamzer is due to man's actions, also a Petzu'a Daka.
(l) (Rava): Cut in any of them (the Ever, Beitzim, or strings
on which the Beitzim are suspended), crushed in any of
them, cut off in any of them.
(m) Question: How do we know that Petzu'a Daka applies in
that area - perhaps it applies to the head!
(n) Answer #1 (Rava): Since the Torah did not say how many
generations are forbidden, we infer it is in that area
(i.e. that makes him sterile).
1. Question: Perhaps it did not list generations,
because only he is forbidden, but not his offspring!
(o) Answer #2 (Rava): Since Petzu'a Daka is written next to
Crus Shafchah, we know it applies to the same area.
1. Question: How do we know that Crus Shafchah applies
in that area - perhaps it applies at the lips!
(p) (Beraisa): It says, "A Petzu'a Daka will not marry", and
right after this, "A Mamzer will not marry"; just as a
Mamzer results from that area, also a Petzu'a Daka.
2. Answer: "Shafchah (dripping)", in the place of
3. Question: Perhaps it applies at the nose!
4. Answer: It does not say, "Cut in the place of
dripping (before the cut)", rather, "Crus Shafchah"
- because of the cut, it drips; if not cut, it flows
- but the nose, in either case it drips.
(a) (R. Chiya Bar Aba): If it is punctured below the crown,
and the other side of the puncture is above the crown,
the man is Kosher.
(b) (R. Asi): R. Yehoshua Ben Levi says, the entire crown
must be intact.
(c) (Mishnah): If there remains from the crown ...
(d) Question (Ravina): A thread's width - must this be on the
entire crown, or on the majority?
(e) Answer (Rabah Tosfa'ah): On the majority, and towards the
(f) (Rav Huna): If it is cut on a slant, as a quill, he is
Kosher; grooved as a gutter pipe, he is forbidden.
1. In the latter case, it is cooled by the air; in the
former case, it is not.
(g) (Rav Chisda): If it is as a gutter pipe, he is Kosher; as
a quill, he is forbidden.
1. In the former case, it rubs; in the latter case, it
(h) (Rava): Presumably, Rav Huna is correct - the air is
important; rubbing is not a problem, since it is wider
further down as a barrel.
(i) (Ravina to Mereimar): Rav Papa ruled, whether as a quill
or a gutter pipe, he is Kosher.
1. However, he was unsure if this is below the crown or
(j) Question: Certainly, this must be above - if below, even
if the Ever was cut off he is Kosher!
(k) Answer: Ravina was just testing Mereimar.
(l) There was a case, Mar Bar Rav Ashi cut it as a quill, and
declared that he is Kosher.
(m) There was a case, the conduit for seed was closed, and it
would come out through the place for urine.
1. Rav Bivi Bar Abaye: He is Kosher.