POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 71
1) WHO MAY NOT EAT TERUMAH?
(a) Answer: Apostasy forbids eating from Pesach, but not from
2) WHAT R. AKIVA AND R. ELIEZER LEARN FROM EACH OTHER'S VERSE
(b) Question: How will we expound "Any Arel will not eat in
(c) Answer: An Arel may not eat from Pesach, but he eats
Matzah and bitter herbs.
1. It was necessary to write both the prohibitions of
Arel and of an apostate.
(d) Question: Why did the Torah repeat write "From it ...
from it" (by Pesach)?
2. If only the prohibition of Arel was written - one
would think, he is forbidden because he is
repulsive, but an apostate may eat!
3. If only the prohibition of an apostate was written -
one would think, he is forbidden because he does not
want to serve Hash-m - but an Arel who wants to
serve Hash-m may eat!
(e) Answer: As Rabah taught (74A, to teach a Gezeirah Shaveh
and another teaching).
(f) (Beraisa (70A) - R. Akiva): We need not learn from there
- It says "A man, a man", to include an Arel (that he may
not eat Terumah, just as one who is Tamei).
(g) Question: Perhaps this comes to include an Onen!
(h) Answer: (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): "Any non-Kohen" - a
non-Kohen is forbidden to eat, but not an Onen.
(i) Question: Why not say, a non-Kohen is forbidden to eat,
but not an Arel!
(j) Answer: "A man, a man" forbids an Arel.
(k) Question: Why not learn the other way ("Any non-Kohen"
excludes an Arel, "A man, a man" includes an Onen)?
(l) Answer: It is more reasonable to forbid an Arel, since he
has the following shortcomings:
1. He is lacking a physical action (circumcision);
(m) Question: Why don't we learn that an Onen is forbidden,
2. This action must be done to his own body;
3. The punishment for staying uncircumcised is Kares;
4. The prohibition applied before the giving of the
5. Failure to circumcise his male slaves stops him
(from eating Pesach).
1. It can apply at any time;
(n) Answer #1: There are more stringencies by an Arel.
2. It applies to men and women;
3. An Onen cannot fix himself (end his Aninus).
(o) Answer #2 (Rava): Even if there would not be more, we
would learn this way!
1. "A man, a man" comes to teach about something which
applies to a man, not a woman - namely, an Arel!
(a) Question: What will R. Akiva learn from "A resident or
hired worker" (since he does not need it to teach that an
Arel may not eat Terumah)?
3) ORLAH BEFORE ITS TIME
(b) Answer #1(Rav Shemaya): That a circumcised Arab or Givoni
may not eat the Pesach sacrifice.
(c) Question: Are they really considered circumcised?
1. (Mishnah): A person says 'Konam (should be forbidden
as Hekdesh) any benefit I get from Arelim' may
benefit from an uncircumcised Yisrael, but not from
a circumcised Nachri; 'Konam any benefit I get from
circumcised people', he may benefit from a
circumcised Nachri, but not from an uncircumcised
(d) Answer #2: Rather, it includes a convert that was
circumcised but did not immerse, and one born
1. R. Akiva holds, we must take blood from someone born
circumcised to fulfill the covenant.
(e) R. Eliezer has no source to learn these laws - he holds,
a convert that was circumcised but did not immerse is a
full convert; and, we need not take blood from someone
(f) . Question: What does R. Eliezer learn from "A man, a
(g) Answer: He does not expound it - the Torah speaks as
(a) Question (Rav Chama Bar Ukva): May we anoint an
uncircumcised baby with Terumah oil?
1. Does Orlah (the foreskin) forbid one to eat Terumah
even before the proper time for circumcision (the
8th day), or not?
(b) Answer (R. Zeira - Beraisa): The Torah only said that
failure to circumcise one's sons forbids him to bring the
Pesach sacrifice, and failure to circumcise his male
slaves forbids him to eat the Pesach sacrifice; a
Gezeirah Shaveh "Then - then" teaches that failure to
circumcise sons also forbids eating, and failure to
circumcise slaves also forbids bringing.
1. We understand, he may have (uncircumcised) slaves at
the time of eating, but did not have them at the
time of bringing (and we need to learn the
prohibition to eat) - he bought slaves in between!
2. Question: How is it possible to have (uncircumcised)
sons at the time of eating, but did not have them at
the time of bringing?
i. Suggestion: It must be, they were born in
between - we see, Orlah forbids, even before
3. Answer #1: Rather, the case is, his son had a fever
at the time of bringing (and could not be
circumcised), and recovered before the time of
ii. Rejection (Rava): This cannot be! The Torah
said, "Circumcise every male, then he will
bring" - before its time, he may not
4. Question: If so, we must wait 7 days before
5. Answer: We did - the case is, he recovered 7 days
before the Pesach sacrifice!
6. Question: If so, he should have been circumcised in
the morning (and it suffices to prohibit bringing
the sacrifice before circumcising)!
4) PURIFICATION OF AN AREL
7. Answer: We require 7 24-hour days from the time of
recovery (and the baby recovered between the time of
bringing and the time of eating).
8. Question: But Ludah taught, The day of recovery is
as the day of birth!
i. Suggestion: Just as we need not wait 7 24-hour
days from the time of birth, we need not wait 7
24-hour days from the time of recovery!
9. Answer #2 (To question 2 - Rav Papa): The baby's
eyes hurt him at the time of bringing, and healed
before the time of eating.
ii. Rejection: No, the day of recovery is more
severe than the day of birth - the day of birth
does not need 7 24-hour days, but the day of
10. Answer #3 (Rava): His parents were imprisoned at
the time of bringing, and were released before the
time of eating.
11. Answer #4 (Rav Kahana Brei d'Rav Nechemyah): The
baby was a Tumtum. The genitals were covered at the
time of bringing; the covering was torn, and the
baby was found to be a boy before the time of
12. Answer #5 (Rav Sharbiya): The baby's head left the
womb 7 days earlier, but he was only born 7 days
later, between the time of bringing and the time of
13. Question: Can such a baby really survive?
i. (Beraisa): Once the baby enters the air of the
world, what was closed is opened, and what was
open is closed; if not, the baby would die
14. Answer: The case is, he was nourished by a fever.
15. Question: From whose fever?
i. Suggestion: If from the baby's fever - we must
wait 7 days from the end of the fever!
16. Answer #1: Rather, the mother's fever fed him.
17. Answer #2: The Beraisa only spoke of a baby that
did not cry; in our case, the baby cried.
(a) (R. Yochanan): We may sprinkle (purifying water) on an
Arel, as was done to our forefathers - "The nation came
up from the Jordan River on the 10th of the 1st month."
1. They were not circumcised on the 10th because they
were weak from travelling.
(b) Question: When were they sprinkled on?
(c) Answer: When they were still Arelim (on the 10th, so the
purification could be completed on the 14th, in time to
bring the Pesach sacrifice)!
1. Suggestion: Perhaps they did not bring the Pesach
that year (and the sprinkling was after they
2. Rejection: The verse says, "They did the Pesach"!
3. Objection (Mar Zutra): Perhaps the Pesach was
brought in Tumah!
4. Answer (Rav Ashi - Beraisa): They circumcised,
immersed and did the Pesach in Taharah.
(a) (Rabah Bar Yitzchak): Avraham was not commanded to do
Pri'ah by circumcision - "At that time Hash-m said to
Yehoshua, make sharp knives".
(b) Question: Perhaps that was for those that had not been
circumcised - "... Those born in the wilderness had not
(c) Answer: The verse says, "Again" - it must be, this time,
Pri'ah was done.
(d) Question: Why does the verse say "A 2nd time"?
(e) Answer: To equate the end of circumcision with the
1. Just as one is an Arel before the start of
circumcision - also, before the end (i.e. if Pri'ah
is not done).
(f) Question: Why didn't they circumcise in the wilderness?
i. (Mishnah): These strands invalidate a
circumcision - skin which covers most of the
crown; such a person may not eat Terumah.
ii. (Ravina): Skin which covers most of the height
of the crown.
(g) Answer #1: Because they were weak from travelling.