POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 58
YEVAMOS 55-60 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) CHUPAH WHEN RELATIONS ARE FORBIDDEN
(a) According to R. Meir, engagement disqualifies, Chupah
2) CHUPAH OF FORBIDDEN RELATIONS
(b) According to R. Elazar and R. Shimon, engagement does not
disqualify, neither does Chupah.
(c) Question: This is not necessarily true!
1. Perhaps R. Meir only said that engagement
disqualifies, since it acquires - but Chupah does
(d) Rather, we may say that the following Tana'im argue about
2. Perhaps R. Elazar and R. Shimon only said that
engagement does not disqualify, since it is not
close to relations - but Chupah is close to
relations, it disqualifies!
(e) (Beraisa): If they were married - whether Kesheros or
not, or if they had Chupah without relations, they are
fed by the husband and may eat Terumah.
1. Question: The end of the Beraisa says 'they had
Chupah' - the beginning says, 'They were married' -
can this mean with relations?!
(f) R. Yishmael, the son of R. Yochanan Ben Brokah says, any
girl that eats Terumah through relations, eats Terumah
through Chupah; if she may not eat Terumah through
relations, she may not eat through Chupah.
2. Answer: Rather, the Beraisa explains - 'They were
married' means, Chupah without relations - and it
says, they eat Terumah;
(g) Question: There is no need to say they argue on Chupah of
1. Suggestion: Perhaps R. Yishmael, the son of R.
Yochanan Ben Brokah holds as R. Meir, that she does
not eat from engagement.
2. Rejection: If so, why does he say, any girl that may
not eat Terumah through relations, may not eat
through Chupah - he should say, any girl that may
not eat Terumah through relations, she may not eat
through money (of engagement)!
3. Suggestion: Perhaps since the first Tana spoke of
Chupah, R. Yishmael also did.
(a) (Rav Amram): Rav Sheshes taught, Chupah takes effect by
forbidden relations, and a Mishnah supports this.
1. (Mishnah): (A Sotah answers) "Amen" - that I did not
have adultery when engaged, married, Shomeres Yavam
(when awaiting Yibum), or after Yibum.
2. Question: What is the case of engaged?
i. Suggestion #1: If he warned her when she was
engaged, and takes her to drink when she is
engaged - does an engaged wife drink?!
3. Answer: Rather, he warned her when she was engaged,
she was secluded during engagement, he had Chupah
with her without relations - we hear from this,
Chupah takes effect on women forbidden to their
A. (Mishnah): A woman that is engaged or awaiting
Yibum does not drink or receive her Kesuvah.
ii. Suggestion #2: Rather, he warned her when she
was engaged, she was secluded during
engagement, and he takes her to drink after
Nisu'in - does the water test her?!
A. (Beraisa): "The man will be clean from
iniquity" - when the man is clean from
iniquity, the water test his wife; if not, not!
(In our case, it was forbidden to have Nisu'in
with her after seclusion.)
4. Objection (Rava): Do you really think that the
Mishnah is correct?
i. (Beraisa): "Other than your husband" - the
water only tests her if her husband had
relations with her before the adulterer.
5. Answer #1 (Rami Bar Chama): We can find such a case
- her husband had relations with her during
6. Question: The corresponding case of a Shomeres Yavam
- the Yavam had relations with her in her father's
house (i.e. while awaiting Yibum) - is she called
Shomeres Yavam - she is a full wife!
3) WHAT DISQUALIFIES A YEVAMAH FROM EATING
i. Rav said, relations (without intent for Yibum)
acquire in all respects; Shmuel said, only for
what is written in the Parsha.
7. Answer #2: The case is, he gave her a Ma'amar, and
the Mishnah is as Beis Shamai, who say that a
Ma'amar fully acquires.
ii. This Mishnah was brought to support Rav - he
cannot explain why it calls her Shomeres Yavam!
i. Question: If so, that is the same as being
engaged (and the Mishnah listed them as
8. Answer #3 (Rav Papa): The Tana of our Mishnah is the
Tana of the following Beraisa.
ii. Counter-question: You must admit, married and
'after Yibum' are the same!
iii. You must answer, 'married' refers to his own
wife; 'after Yibum' - to his brother's wife.
iv. Similarly, 'engaged' refers to his own wife;
'Shomeres Yavam' - to his brother's wife.
i. (Beraisa): We do not warn an engaged woman, in
order to make her drink while engaged, but we
warn her to make her drink after Nisu'in.
9. Answer #4 (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): The oath
includes the period of engagement through Gilgul
(once an oath must be taken, other things may be
added into the oath).
(a) (R. Chanina): One who gives a Ma'amar to his Yevamah, and
he has a brother - even if he and she are Kohanim, he
disqualifies her from Terumah.
(b) Question: According to whom?
1. Suggestion #1: If according to R. Meir - we have
only heard that R. Meir disqualifies a woman engaged
to a man that is forbidden to her mi'Dioraisa - can
we say he even disqualifies for a Rabbinical
(c) Correction (Ravin): If he gives her a Ma'amar - all
agree, she may eat; if he has a brother that is a Chalal
(disqualified Kohen), all agree that she may not eat.
2. Suggestion #2: If according to R. Elazar and R.
Shimon - they permit a woman engaged to a man that
is forbidden to her mi'Dioraisa - all the more so,
if she is only forbidden mi'Derabanan!
1. They argue when he gives her a Get: R. Yochanan says
that she eats, Reish Lakish says that she does not
(d) (Mishnah): If they were widowed or divorced ...
2. R. Yochanan says that she eats - even R. Meir only
said that she does not eat when she is forbidden
mi'Dioraisa - by a Rabbinical prohibition, he admits
that she eats!
3. Reish Lakish says she does not eat - even R. Elazar
and R. Shimon only said that she eats when he can
permit others to eat - here, he cannot permit others
i. .If you will say, giving a Get permits a Bas
Kohen to return to eat Terumah by her father -
that is because she is detached from her
husband, and close to her father - but a
Yevamah is still tied to the Yavam!
(e) Question (R. Chiya Bar Yosef): A Kohen Gadol that engaged
a minor, and she became a Bogeres - may he marry her?