POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 25
1) WHEN MAY THE SUSPECTED ADULTERER STAY MARRIED?
(a) Shoes are found upside down under the bed - since this is
ugly, he must divorce her.
2) ONE WHO PERMITTED A WOMAN NOT MARRY HER
(b) Objection: Let us check whose they are!
(c) Answer: Rather, backwards shoe-prints are found under the
(d) The law is as Rav; the law is as Rebbi.
(e) Objection: This is a contradiction!
(f) Answer: Regarding unceasing rumors and no witnesses (on
an ugly matter), the law is as Rebbi; by rumors that
cease, and witnesses on an ugly matter, the law is as
(g) Question: What is considered rumors that do not cease?
(h) Answer (Abaye): A day and a half.
1. If they ceased before, that is already a cessation.
(i) (Mishnah): One who divorced his wife because of bad
reports about her, or because of a vow she took, may not
2. If they ceased because people fear the suspected
party, this is not considered cessation.
3. This law only applies if the suspected one has no
enemies in the city; if he has enemies, we attribute
the rumors to his enemies (and he may stay married).
(j) Question (Rabah Bar Huna): If he married her - may they
(k) Answer (Rabah Bar Rav Nachman): No, as our Mishnah
teaches - one who is suspected of relations with a
married woman, and they made her husband divorce her,
even if the suspected man married her, he must divorce
(l) Objection (Rabah Bar Huna): That is no proof - there,
Beis Din forced the original husband to divorce her - in
my case, he chose to divorce her!
1. Rabah Bar Rav Nachman learned that the text of our
Mishnah also says 'He (the original husband)
2. Objection: Still, the cases are different - in the
Mishnah, we learn that the adulterer must divorce
her - the question was if the original husband may
3. Answer (Rabah): The comparison is valid - in the
Mishnah, Chachamim said, he should not marry her; if
he did, he must divorce her - here also!
4. Rejection: No - there, by marrying her, he supports
the rumors; here, people will think that he
investigated and found that the rumors were
(a) (Mishnah): One who brings a Get (document of divorce)
from overseas, and says, 'It was written and signed in
front of me' - he may not marry the woman;
(b) A man says, 'Her husband died; I killed him; or, we
killed him, may not marry her;
(c) R. Yehudah says, 'I killed him' - *she* may not marry;
'We killed him' - she may marry.
(d) (Gemara): Because the Get was brought from overseas, and
we rely on the bearer (his declaration validates it), he
may not marry her;
1. Had he brought it from within Eretz Yisrael, where
we need not rely on him, he could marry her.
(e) Question: But when he says that the husband died, he may
not marry her, even though we do not rely on him!
1. We rely on the woman to carefully check that he
(f) Answer: There, there is nothing written; here, there is a
1. (Mishnah): The difference between divorce and death
is that the Get proves that he is telling the truth.
(g) (Mishnah): 'He died, I killed him, we killed him' - she
may not marry.
1. *He* may not marry her - but others may!
(h) Question: But Rav Yosef taught, 'Peloni forcibly had
homosexual relations with me (Shimon)' - Shimon may join
a 2nd witness to condemn Peloni to death;
1. 'I willingly had relations with Peloni' - Shimon is
evil - "Do not join an evil one to be an extorting
(i) Suggestion: Perhaps testimony to permit a widow to marry
is different, there Chachamim were lenient.
(j) Rejection: Rav Menasheh taught, a Rabbinic thief may
testify to permit a widow to marry, but not a mid'Oraisa
3) SOMETIMES, ONE MAY MARRY THE WOMAN HE PERMITTED
1. Suggestion: Rav Menasheh holds as R. Yehudah.
(k) (Mishnah): 'I killed him' ...
2. Rejection: Rav Menasheh can hold as Chachamim; she
may marry because of Rava's law.
i. (Rava): A person is his own kin, and cannot
make himself evil (to disqualify himself from
3. Suggestion: Rav Yosef holds as R. Yehudah.
4. Rejection: Rav Yosef can hold as Chachamim.
i. He says that we are more lenient by testimony
to permit a widow than in general; Rav Menashe
holds as Chachamim!
(l) Question: What is different if he says 'I killed him' or
'We killed him'?
(m) Answer (Rav Yehudah): The case is, he said, 'I was with
those that killed him'.
1. (Beraisa) Chachamim: There was a case of a bandit
that was walking to his execution. He said, tell
Shimon's wife that I killed her husband, and they
permitted her to marry.
2. R. Yehudah: That is no proof - he said, 'I was with
those that killed him'.
3. Question: But it says, he was a bandit!
4. Answer: He was arrested among bandits.
5. Objection: But it says that he was going to be
6. Answer: Courts of Nochrim execute people without
being so careful.
(a) (Mishnah): A Chacham that prohibited a woman to her
husband because of a vow may not marry her; if she did
Mi'un or Chalitzah in front of him, he may marry her,
since he was part of a Beis Din.
(b) (Gemara): We infer - had he permitted the vow, he could
(c) Question: What is the case?
1. Suggestion #1: The Chacham was alone.
(d) Answer: The case is, he was alone.
i. Rejection: But R. Chiya Bar Avin taught, three
judges are needed to permit vows!
2. Suggestion #2: He was among 3.
3. Objection: If so, he is not suspected - the Mishnah
says, if she did Mi'un or Chalitzah in front of him,
he can marry her, since he was part of Beis Din!
1. (Rav Chisda): A professional judge can permit vows
(e) (Mishnah): If she did Mi'un or Chalitzah ...
(f) We infer, he can only marry her because he was part of a
Beis Din - if there were only 2, he could not!
(g) Question: Why is this different than the following?
1. (Mishnah): Witnesses signed on the sale of a field,
or a Get - Chachamim were not concerned (that they
(h) Answer: This itself is what we learn - that a Beis Din of
3 is required for Mi'un and Chalitzah, unlike the opinion
that says that 2 suffice.
(i) Question: If he (a Chacham that prohibited her because of
a vow, or the messenger that brought her Get) married her
- must he divorce her?
(j) Answer #1 (Rav Kahana): Yes.
(k) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): No.
(l) Rav Zuti: He need not divorce her.
(m) Chachamim: Did you receive that this is the law, or is
this your reasoning?
(n) Rav Zuti: We learn this from the Mishnah!
1. One that is suspected of relations with a slave and
she was freed, with a Nochris and she converted, he
should not marry her; if he married her, he need not