POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 12
YEVAMOS 11 & 12 (2 & 3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last day of
Chanukah and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael
Zev Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her
Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.
1) ONE WHO REMARRIES HIS EX-WIFE
(a) The attempted answers 3:d and 3:e (Daf 11B) are proposed
and rejected exactly as above.
2) A GIRL THAT DOES MI'UN
(a) (Rav Lili Bar Mamal): The Tzarah of a girl that does
Mi'un is prohibited.
3) THE TZARA OF AN AILONIS
(b) Question: To whom?
1. Suggestion: If to the brothers - She herself is
permitted, is there any question by her Tzarah?
(c) Answer: It must be, to himself.
i. (Shmuel): If she did Mi'un on one brother, she
is permitted to a different brother.
(d) Question: One who does Mi'un is permitted to the
brothers, since they did not do an action with her - he
should also be permitted to the Tzarah, since he did no
act with her!
(e) Answer: She is prohibited because of a decree, lest one
permit the Tzarah of one's daughter who does Mi'un.
(f) Question: Is the Tzarah of one's daughter who does Mi'un
1. (Mishnah): All these cases, if they died or did
Mi'un, the Tzaros are permitted.
(g) Question: When she does Mi'un on the husband, she uproots
the marriage - when she does Mi'un on the Yavam, she also
uproots the original marriage!
2. Question: On whom did she do Mi'un?
i. Suggestion: If she did Mi'un on her husband -
this is the same as being divorced!
ii. Rather, it must be, she did Mi'un on the Yavam.
iii. Rejection: Really, she did Mi'un on the husband
- 2 kinds of divorce are taught.
(h) Answer: The Tzarah is forbidden for the reason of Rami
1. (Rami Bar Yechezkeil): If she did Mi'un on the
husband, she is permitted to the father; if she did
Mi'un on the brother, she is forbidden to the
2. We see, when she fell to Yibum, she looked like his
daughter-in-law, and is therefore forbidden.
3. Here too, when she fell to Yibum, she looked like
the Tzarah of his daughter.
(a) (Rav Asi): The Tzarah of an Ailonis is forbidden - "That
she will give birth to" excludes an Ailonis, since she is
(b) Question (Rav Sheshes - Mishnah): 3 brothers are married
to 3 unrelated women. One brother died; a second brother
did Ma'amar on his widow and then died. The widows do
Chalitzah but not Yibum.
1. "And one of them died" - Yibum applies when she is
widowed from one brother, not from two.
(c) (Rav Yosef): This is the case of a Tzarah of a brother's
wife that the prohibition of the fall to Yibum causes her
to be forbidden; we do not find a case in the Torah like
1. Suggestion: Doesn't Rav Yosef come to exclude the
Tzarah of an Ailonis, who is permitted?
(d) Question (Mishnah): In any of these cases, if she died
... or was found to be an Ailonis, the Tzaros are
2. Rejection: No, he comes to exclude the Tzarah of an
Ailonis, who is forbidden.
3. Question: If so, why did he say *this* is the case?
4. Answer: In the case of the Mishnah, the Tzarah needs
Chalitzah; the Tzarah of an Ailonis does not need
5. Question: Why?
6. Answer: The prohibition to do Yibum in the Mishnah
is only Rabbinic; an Ailonis is forbidden by the
Torah to do Yibum.
(e) Answer: In the Mishnah, the husband did not know that she
was an Ailonis (so they were never married); Rav Asi
speaks of a case where he knew that she was an Ailonis.
1. This is supported by the language of the Mishnah -
she were *found* to be an Ailonis, it does not say
she was an Ailonis.
(f) (Rava): The law is, the Tzarah of an Ailonis is
permitted, even if he knew she was an Ailonis, even if
the Ailonis was his daughter.
4) CAN A MINOR GIVE BIRTH?
(g) Question: But the Mishnah says if she was *found*!
(h) Answer: It should say, if she *was*.
(i) (Ravin): The Tzarah of a girl that does Mi'un, of an
Ailonis, or of a divorcee that returned to her husband
(after marrying someone else), all are permitted.
1. (Rav Bivi): 3 women use a cloth to prevent pregnancy
- a minor, a pregnant woman, and a nursing woman.
(b) Since it says, *lest* she will get pregnant and *lest*
she will die - this implies that a minor may get pregnant
and not die!
i. A minor prevents pregnancy, since it would kill
2. (R. Meir): A minor between 11 and 12 years old uses
a cloth; if she is younger or older, no;
ii. A pregnant woman prevents a second conception,
since this could damage the first fetus.
iii. A nursing woman prevents pregnancy, since it
could force her to wean her baby.
3. (Chachamim): At any age, she has normal relations,
and Heaven will have mercy on her - "Hash-m guards
1. If so, we can find the case of a mother-in-law doing
(c) (Rabah Bar Livai): Before this age (11), she will not get
pregnant at all; during this time (11 to 12), she and the
fetus will die; after (12), she and the fetus will live.
2. Question: But the Mishnah says, one cannot find the
case of a mother-in-law doing Mi'un!
3. Answer: Rather, say 'lest she get pregnant and
(d) Question: But Rabah Bar Shmuel taught, one cannot say
that the mother-in-law ... since she already gave birth!
(Implying, she could give birth as a minor.)
(e) Answer: As we originally taught, lest she get pregnant
and lest she die.
1. Question: But we had to change this to answer
2. Answer #1 (Rav Safra): Children are as signs of
3. Answer #2: Some say, children are better than signs
4. Question: What is the difference?
5. Answer: Even R. Yehudah, who says that a girl may do
Mi'un until she has many hairs, admits that she may
not do Mi'un if she has given birth.