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of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Yevamos 5

YEVAMOS 5 - generously sponsored by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of Teaneck, N.J. -- may Hashem protect them and all that is theirs!


(a) Question: Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael learns from Tzitzis; where do Chachamim learn from?
(b) Answer #1: From the Mitzvah for a leper to shave his head (which transgresses cutting the Pei'os).
1. (Beraisa) "His head" - if not for this verse, one would think that "Do not cut around the corners of your heads" applies even to a leper purifying himself.
i. The Tana holds that one who cuts all the hair on his head transgresses cutting around the corners.
(c) Objection: Only men may not cut the Pei'os - we cannot learn from here that a positive Mitzvah overrides a negative Mitzvah which applies to everyone!
(d) Answer #2: We learn from the Mitzvah for a leprous Kohen to shave his beard (as part of his purification).
1. (Beraisa): If not for "His beard", one would have thought that "They should not shave the corners of their beards" applies even to a leprous Kohen.
2. Since we already learned that a positive Mitzvah overrides a negative Mitzvah which does not apply to everyone - this teaching must teach that even a prohibition which applies to everyone may be overridden.
(e) Objection: The verse is needed to teach that the leprous Kohen may shave!
1. One might have thought, since the Torah gave extra Mitzvahs to Kohanim, their extra Mitzvahs are not overridden, even though they do not apply to everyone!
(f) Answer #3: We learn from "His head" as the following Tana.
1. (Beraisa): "A razor will not pass over his head (of a Nazir)" - one might have thought that this applies even if the Nazir is a leper;
2. "His head" teaches that even in such a case, the Mitzvah for a leper to shave overrides the prohibition for a Nazir to shave.
(g) Objection: The prohibitions of a Nazir are weaker, since one can annul the Nezirus - we cannot learn from here in general!
1. This objection must be valid - we hold that a positive Mitzvah does not override a positive and negative Mitzvah - why don't we learn from Nazir that it does?!
2. Rather, we must say that we cannot learn from prohibitions of a Nazir, since they can be annulled.
3. This objection shows that we cannot learn from here that a positive Mitzvah overrides a negative Mitzvah.

(h) Answer #4: Really, we learn from the adjacency of the Mitzvah of Tzitzis to the prohibition of Shatnez.
1. Since it said "Gedilim (twined fringes)" instead of "Tzitzis", it comes to show that we should learn from the adjacency.
(i) Objection: It was necessary to say "Gedilim" to teach the number of threads!
1. "Gedil" must be (at least) 2; "Gedilim", plural, must be 4; and these should be folded onto each other.
(j) Answer: It would have sufficed to say "Shatnez"; the Torah added "Wool and linen" to show that we interpret the adjacency.
(k) Objection: We need "Wool and linen" to teach that 2 stitches are considered connected, but not 1 stitch!
(l) Answer: The Torah could have said just "Wool and linen"; the word "Shatnez" was added to teach both.
(m) Objection: We need the word "Shatnez" to teach that it must be SHuA, Tavuy, and NuZ (smoothed, spun and woven)!
(n) Answer: We learn everything from the word "Shatnez" (the Torah could have said "Kilayim").
(a) Question: We see that a regular Lav may be overridden. Where do we find that a Lav with Kares is overridden (and therefore, the Torah needed to say Aleha to teach that it is not overridden for Yibum)?
1. We cannot learn from circumcision (which overrides Shabbos) - 13 covenants were made on circumcision!
2. We cannot learn from the Korban Pesach - one who neglects bringing the Korban Pesach gets Kares!
3. We cannot learn from the Tamid (daily sacrifice), since this is a constant Mitzvah!
(b) Suggestion: We cannot learn from any 1 of these - perhaps we can learn from a common side of 2 of them!
(c) Suggestion #1: Let us learn from circumcision and Pesach - but both of these have Kares!
(d) Suggestion #2: Let us learn from Pesach and Tamid - but these are needs of Heaven!
(e) Suggestion #3: Let us learn from circumcision and Tamid - but these preceded the giving of the Torah!
1. This is as the opinion that the Olah offerings brought in the wilderness were Tamid offerings.
(f) We cannot learn from all 3, since they all preceded the giving of the Torah!
(a) Answer #1 (To question 2(a) above): The Torah had to write Aleha; otherwise, we would learn from honoring parents that even a Mitzvah with Kares is overridden.
1. (Beraisa): One might think that honoring parents overrides Shabbos - "A man will fear his parents, and keep my Shabbosos" - all of you (even your parents) must honor Hash-m!
2. Suggestion: The father told the child to slaughter or cook; if not for the verse, we would say that Shabbos is overridden!
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