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Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Yevamos 2

YEVAMOS 2 - dedicated by Rabbi Ari and Esther Maryles of Chicago in memory of her grandfather, Rav Chaim Mauer zt'l whose life was dedicated to helping people both physically and spiritually.


(a) (Mishnah): (Normally, when a man dies without children, a brother does Yibum (Levirate marriage) or Chalitzah with one of his widows). If a brother (Shimon) is related to a widow in one of the 15 ways listed below, she and all her Tzaros (co-wives) are exempt from doing Yibum or Chalitzah with him;
(b) If a different brother (Levi) does Yibum with a Tzarah and then dies, all his widows are exempt from doing Yibum or Chalitzah with Shimon;
(c) The same applies if a different brother does Yibum with one of Levi's widows and then dies, ad infinitum.
(d) The 15 women are:
1. Shimon's daughter.
2. The daughter of his daughter.
3. The daughter of his son.
4. The daughter of his wife.
5. The daughter of the son of his wife.
6. The daughter of the daughter of his wife.
7. His mother-in-law.
8. The mother of his mother-in-law.
9. The mother of his father-in-law.
10. His maternal sister.
11. The sister of his mother.
12. The sister of his wife.
13. The sister of his maternal brother.

14. The wife of his brother that died before Shimon was born.
15. His daughter-in-law.
(e) If any of these died, did Mi'un (annulment of a Rabbinic marriage), were divorced, or found to be an Ailonis (a girl that does not develop as a normal female), the Tzaros are permitted (to do Yibum).
1. Mi'un and being found to be an Ailonis cannot apply to the mother-in-law, the mother of the mother-in-law, or the mother of the father-in-law.
(a) (Continuation of Mishnah): If Shimon's daughter (or any of the other relatives listed) was married to Shimon's brother Reuven, and Reuven died - just as his daughter is exempt (from Yibum), so is the Tzarah.
(b) Suppose the Tzarah married (i.e. did Yibum) with Levi (another brother), who has another wife; Levi dies.
(c) Just as the Tzarah is exempt from Yibum with Shimon, so is her Tzarah (Levi's other wife).
(d) This applies even 100 times (a Tzarah marries a brother with another wife, and the brother dies, his other wife is exempt from Yibum with Shimon).
(e) Question: What is the case that if she died, the Tzaros are permitted?
(f) Answer: Shimon's daughter (or another relative) was married to Reuven, who had another wife. If Shimon's daughter died or was divorced, and then Reuven died, Reuven's other wife may do Yibum with Shimon.
(g) If Shimon's daughter could have done Mi'un but didn't, the Tzarah does Chalitzah but not Yibum.
(a) (Gemara) Question: All cases in the Mishnah are learned from his wife's sister - that case should have been taught first!
1. Suggestion: Perhaps the Mishnah listed the most severe cases first.
i. We would have to say that the Tana holds as R. Shimon, who says that death by burning is harsher than stoning.
2. Objection #1: If so, mother-in-law should have been taught first, since that is the primary place where death by burning is written!
3. Objection #2: If so, daughter-in-law should follow mother-in-law, since (R. Shimon holds that) stoning is the harshest punishment next to burning!
(b) Answer #1: The case of the daughter was taught first, since it was learned through expounding, the Tana prefers it.
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