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Yevamos 83

1) [line 5] MID'SHAVKEI REBBI YOSI L'VAR ZUGEI - since Rebbi Yosi left his partner, [Rebbi Shimon, with whom he agreed with regard to the Halachah of an Androginus Kohen *in the Mishnah*]

*2*) [line 8] D'HA SHAM'INAN LEI LI'SHEMUEL D'CHAYISH L'YECHIDA'AH - that is, Shmuel should rely on the Beraisa even though it contradicts the Mishnah, and therefore expresses the minority opinion of a single Tana.

3) [line 14] EIN MAVRICHIN - it is forbidden to put a shoot from a vine into the ground with its end sticking out of the ground to produce a new plant (once it has rooted, the connecting shoot is severed)

4) [line 14] EIN MARKIVIN - it is forbidden to graft a branch from one type of tree onto another type of tree

5) [line 15] EREV SHEVI'IS
(a) The Torah requires that farmers desist from working the land every seventh year, as described in Vayikra 25:1-7.
(b) Chazal learn from the verse, "be'Charish uva'Katzir Tishbos" (Shemos 34:21), that mid'Oraisa the prohibition against plowing the land during the Shemitah year starts one month before the actual Shemitah year ("Tosefes Shevi'is"). This applies both to fields and to orchards with grown trees. The Rabanan added to this prohibition and prohibited plowing a field from the Pesach before Shemitah and an orchard with grown trees from the Shavu'os before Shemitah.

6) [line 17] KOLETES - takes root
7) [line 20] TZARICH SHELOSHIM U'SHELOSHIM - he requires thirty days (for the plant to take root) and another thirty days (as the Tosefes Shevi'is)

8) [line 24] KISHUYAH - her labor pains
A woman who starts to see blood on account of labor does not have the status of a Zavah (but she can be a Nidah). The Tana'im argue as to the period of time that she can see blood before she gives birth that can still be considered as having been caused by the labor.

9) [line 28] HA'MESAKECH GAFNO AL GABEI TEVU'ASO SHEL CHAVEIRO - one who covers his friend's (growing) grain with his own vine


10) [line 2] MAH LI AMAR SHMUEL? - What does Shmuel say (i.e. rule in this case)?
11) [line 13] TUMTUM D'VEIRAI - the Tumtum from Berai, (a) a town in the Galil, possibly Biriyah, next to Tzefas; (b) Bei Berai, a town in Bavel

12) [line 14] (D'OSVUHA) [D'OSVEI] A'BEI KURSEI V'IKRA - who was pushed down on his buttocks, and [the skin covering his genitals] tore, [revealing that he was a man]

13) [line 21] LIFSOL BI'MKOM ACHIN - whether the Yevamah is prohibited from marrying Kohanim after the Tumtum performs Chalitzah with her when there are other [unblemished] brothers, is dependant upon the Machlokes of Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah

14) [line 30] BAR HAMDUREI ASBERA LI - Bar Hamdurei explained it to me
*15*) [line 34] V'RABANAN ZACHAR GEREIDA MENA LEHU? - that is, perhaps this verse only prohibits cohabiting with an Androginus, but not with an authentic male.

16) [line 39] NIRBA - a female animal that had relations with a human If two witnesses saw the act, the animal is Asur b'Hana'ah and is stoned by Beis Din. If only one witness saw it, or if there were no witnesses but the owner told Beis Din of the incident, the animal is Mutar b'Hana'ah but is unfit to be brought as a Korban.

17) [line 39] MUKTZAH
An animal that has been set aside to be used as an offering for Avodah Zarah may not be brought as a sacrifice. An action must be done for the purpose of Avodah Zarah. Mere speech (Hekdesh l'Avodah Zarah) is not sufficient.

18) [line 40] NE'EVAD
An animal before which a person bows down, worshipping it as an Avodah Zarah, is unfit to be brought as a Korban. It is not prohibited for personal use since live animals do not become prohibited when worshiped.

19) [line 40] ESNAN
An animal given to a harlot for her wage may not be brought as a sacrifice as stated in Devarim 23:19.

20) [line 40] MECHIR (MECHIR KELEV)
An animal that had been exchanged for a dog may not be brought as a sacrifice as stated in the same verse.

(a) Normally, items that are Tamei spread Tum'ah through touching them or carrying them ('Maga' or 'Masa'). The only object that is Metamei mid'Oraisa *while being eaten* is Nivlas Of Tahor. Nivlas of Tahor is a kosher bird that died or was killed without Shechitah. (This includes a bird that is unfit to be brought as a Korban upon which Melikah -- see Background to Yevamos 32:15 -- was performed.) It is *only* Metamei while in the Beis ha'Beli'ah (throat), during the process of being swallowed.
(b) A Nivlas Of Tahor is Metamei the person eating it, as well as any clothes or utensils that he is touching at the time that it is in his throat, giving them the status of "Rishon l'Tuma'ah." (Once it is swallowed, the person remains Tamei, but is only Metamei food and drinks, i.e. he is a Rishon l'Tumah).

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