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Yevamos 65

YEVAMOS 46-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.

1) [line 1] VESES (a) A woman's Veses is the fixed monthly cycle when she usually menstruates. Every time a woman gets her period, she must consider that she may get her next period on the same date in the next month. On that day she is prohibited to her husband, whether she saw blood one or two times on that calendar date (Veses she'Eino Kavu'a) or three times in a row (Veses Kavu'a).
(b) The Gemara (Nidah 63 and elsewhere, see Chart there) lists various types of Vestos:

1. VESES HA'GUF - Bleeding that occurs along with sneezing, body-aches, etc. (Mishnah Nidah 63a)
2. VESES B'ONES (Circumstantial Veses), when the Ones does not directly cause the onset of the Veses (see TOSFOS to Nidah 63b DH Achlah) - Bleeding that occurs after eating garlic, onions or peppercorns (Gemara Nidah 63b)
3. VESES B'ONES, when the Ones directly causes the onset of the Veses (ibid.) - Bleeding that occurs after jumping or other physical activities (Nidah 11a). (The Halachic ruling is that such a Veses must be coupled with another factor, such as the day of the week or month on which the Veses occurred, in order to establish a Veses (YD 189:17).
4. VESES HAFLAGAH (Intervals) - e.g. seeing blood on 1st of Nisan, 20th of Nisan, 9th of Iyar and 28th of Iyar. Each of the three intervals is 20 days. (Note that blood must be seen *4* times to create this Veses.) (A Veses Haflagah occurs after a certain interval of *days*. However according to the understanding of at least one Acharon (Chidushei Hafla'ah beg. of YD 189), such a Veses can be established based on an interval of a set number of *hours* as well, such as a woman who sees blood every 600 hours.)
5. VESES HA'CHODESH (Calendar date) - e.g. seeing blood on 1st of Nisan, 1st of Iyar and 1st of Sivan (Note that the intervals are not similar.)
6. VESES OF THE DAYS OF THE WEEK - e.g. seeing blood on Sunday, three weeks later on Sunday and three weeks later on Sunday. The day of the week fixes the Veses and therefore three times suffice to create a Veses (RAMBAN 64a citing TOSFOS).
(c) Each of the above Vestos can be expressed in a number of ways (a "sub- Veses"):
1. L'DILUGIN (Incremental) - Where the Haflagah, calendar date or day of the week *increases incrementally*, e.g. Haflagos of 11, 12 and 13 days.
2. L'SEIRUGIN (Alternating) - Where the Veses occurs every *other* time, e.g. every second Rosh Chodesh
3. L'SHA'AH KEVU'AH - Where the Veses occurs at a certain *time of day*, e.g. eating garlic at sunrise (BEIS YOSEF, beg. of YD 189, citing the RA'AVAD in BA'ALEI HA'NEFESH)
4. TZIRUF (Combination) - A Veses that is established by a *combination* of two factors (such as was described above, b3.
(d) There are two differences between a Veses Kavu'a and a Veses she'Eino Kavu'a:
1. When a woman has a Veses Kavu'a, she is not Metamei me'Es l'Es (i.e. she does not become Temei'ah *retroactively* for 24 hours), whereas if she has a Veses she'Eino Kavu'a, some Tana'im rule that she is Temei'ah retroactively me'Es l'Es.
2. According to the opinion that "Vestos are mid'Oraisa" (Nidah 16a), when a woman has a Veses Kavu'a and she did not do an internal examination on that date, but rather afterwards, even if she found no blood, she is nevertheless Temei'ah.
2) [line 3] SHOR HA'MU'AD
(a) An ox that gores one or two times is referred to as a Tam. The owner only pays half the value of the damages that his ox causes through goring, with a maximum of the full value of the ox that gored. If the ox gored three times and the owner was informed and warned to guard his ox each time, the ox is termed a Mu'ad. If the ox damages from then on, the owner has to pay the full value of the damages that his ox causes through goring. He is held more liable since it is now evident that the ox's nature has changed to that of a harmful and injurious animal, and its owner therefore knows that he must watch it well.
(b) Another Halachah that applies only to Shor ha'Mu'ad (and not to Shor ha'Tam) involves an ox (or other animal) that kills a person. If the ox is a Mu'ad, the owner of the ox that killed is Chayav Misah b'Yedei Shamayim. He can *redeem* himself by paying Kofer to the children or heirs of the dead man, as the verse states, "v'Im Kofer Yushas Alav, v'Nasan Pidyon Nafsho." (Shemos 21:30). The amount paid as Kofer is defined as either the owner's value, or the dead man's value, according to the various opinions of the Tana'im (Makos 2b). If the ox kills a slave, the Kofer is 30 Sela'im and it is paid to the slave's owner.

3) [line 11] HASHTA HU D'KACHASI - now I have become too weak to bear children
4) [line 15] SHETIKUSICH YAFAH MI'DIBURICH - your silence is better for you than your speech (because your claim can invalidate your divorce)

5) [line 19] HASHTA HU D'VARYASA - now she became strong enough to bear a child
6) [line 19] HU AMAR MINAH - if the husband claims that he does not have children on account of his wife (who can not bear children)

7) [line 20] YOREH K'CHETZ - shoots out like an arrow
8) [line 21] V'IVDUK NAFSHAI - and I will check myself (to see if I am capable of having children)

9) [last line] L'MIZAININHI - to feed them, provide for their welfare


10) [line 1] APALT B'GO ESER - you miscarried within the last ten years
11) [line 3] NAFSHAH B'AKARTAH LO MACHZEKAH - she would not give herself the designation of a sterile, barren woman (unless it is true)

12) [line 8] NAFSHAH B'NIFLEI LO MACHZEKAH - she does not give herself the designation of a woman who miscarries (unless it is true)

13) [line 14] V'CHIVSHUHA - and conquer it
14) [line 22] "AL TOCHACH LETZ PEN YISNA'EKA; HOCHACH L'CHACHAM V'YE'EHAVEKA." - "Reprove not a scoffer, lest he hate you; rebuke a wise man, and he will love you." (Mishlei 9:8)

15) [line 25] L'SHANOS - to relate things in a different manner other than the way that they happened (see Insights)

16) [line 34] V'AHADRINHU REBBI AMI V'REBBI ASI L'APAIHU - and Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi turned their faces away [from Rebbi Avahu (in disagreement)]

17) [line 39] BI'CHENISHTA D'KEISARI - in the synagogue of Caeseria, a port city built by Herod, located between Tel Aviv and Haifa (see Background to Megilah 6:31:b)

18) [line 40] KESUVAH MAI AVIDTAH? - Why does he give her [the value of] the Kesuvah?
19) [line 42] ZIL! LO MIFKEDAS - Go! You are not commanded to have children
20) [line 42] MI'SIVU DILAH - when she gets old (i.e. when I get old)
21) [line 43] VADAI KAFINAN - we definitely force him to divorce her
22a) [line 44] CHUTRA L'YADAH - a cane for her hand (i.e. my hand)
b) [line 44] U'MARA L'KEVURAH - and a hoe for burial
23) [line 45] NIGMERAH TZURASO - became fully developed (and was born)
24) [line 47] SHANAI MANA - she changed her clothes (so that her husband should not recognize her)

25) [line 48] ISHTEYA SAMA D'AKARTA - she drank a potion that causes sterility
26) [line 48] IKU YALDAS LI - if only you would have given birth for me
27) [last line] CHADA KEREISA ACHARITA - one more bellyful of children

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