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Yevamos 62

YEVAMOS 46-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.

(a) It is a Mitzvah for all Jews to offer a Korban Pesach on the fourteenth of Nisan in the afternoon, as it states in the Torah (Shemos 12:6), "and the whole assembly of the congregation of Yisrael shall slaughter it towards evening." The Pesach is an unblemished male lamb or goat within its first year that is roasted in its entirety.
(b) An adult (who was Tahor and was not far from the Beis ha'Mikdash on the fourteenth of Nisan) who willfully did not offer the Korban Pesach is liable to the Kares punishment.
(c) In order to eat from the Korban Pesach, a person must be "appointed" to the Korban before it is slaughtered. This appointment is called "Minuy." Each Pesach must have appointed to it people who are able to eat at least a k'Zayis of the meat on the night of the fifteenth of Nisan. The Korban is sacrificed in the name of all the people who were appointed for that specific Pesach animal. The people appointed to the Pesach then eat at least a k'Zayis of the Pesach together in a "Chaburah." (Some Tana'im maintain that a single Pesach may be split into many Chaburos eating in different places -- Pesachim 86a.) No bones of the Pesach are allowed to be broken (Shemos 12:46).
(d) The verses limit the people who are permitted to eat the Korban Pesach. Nochrim, people who are Teme'im and men who are uncircumcised are prohibited from eating the Korban Pesach (Shemos 12:43-44).

2) [line 15] BEN NECHAR - (lit. a stranger) a Nochri or a Jew who does not fulfill the Mitzvos

3) [line 19] YEYASHER KOCHACHA SHE'SHIBARTA - well-done (a phrase of approval and thanks), that you broke them!

4) [line 22] V'LAILAH DEHA'IDNA NAFAK LEI - this day's night has already passed (the night precedes the day)

5) [line 24] D'LO SHARYA SHECHINAH - the Shechinah did not dwell on Mount Sinai

6) [line 39] BECHOR L'NACHALAH
The first male born to a father inherits a double portion of his father's estate. This is only true if the son was the first viable child to be born (Bechoros 46a)

7) [line 46] CHAYIS - slaves have no Halachically recognized lineage
8) [line 48] K'FAR BEN BAKAR - like the word "Ben" ("son of") is used in the phrase "Par Ben Bakar" ("an ox, the son of cattle"), i.e. it does not indicate any Halachically recognized lineage

9) [line 54] AD SHE'YICHLU KOL NESHAMOS SHEB'GUF - until all the souls that are in "Guf" will be born (lit. finished). Guf is the chamber in which the souls of all future Jews are kept; alt., Guf refers to the Pargod (Heavenly Curtain) that divides between the Shechinah and the angels (RASHI Yevamos 63b; see also Insights)

10) [line 54] "...KI RU'ACH MI'LEFANAI YA'ATOF, U'NESHAMOS ANI ASISI." - "...because the spirit that is before me, and the souls that I have made, [hold back the redemption.]" (Yeshayah 57:16)

11) [last line] "LA'SHEVES YETZARAH" BA'INAN - it is necessary that he fulfill the verse "la'Sheves Yetzarah" ("He created the world to be inhabited")


12) [line 2] L'HASHLIM - to complete [the grandfather's Mitzvah of Piryah v'Rivyah. For example, when he had only a son and no daughter, and his son has a daughter, this completes the grandfather's Mitzvah.]

13) [line 12] I'AKAR MI'PIRKEI D'RAV HUNA - became sterile from the [long] Derashos of Rav Huna (because he would not leave the Derashah to use the bathroom)

14) [line 16] D'KANIS MINAI - that you acquired through me
15) [line 25] YICHSHAR - will prosper, will succeed
16a) [line 31] GABAS - Gabath, a later name for Biblical Gibethon, in the territory of Dan (the area surrounding Tel Aviv)
b) [line 31] ANTIPRAS - Antipatris, a strategic city built by Herod and named for his father, Antipater, situated at the source of the Yarkon River (located near Kefar Saba)

17) [line 31] B'FEREK ECHAD - during one short period of time
18) [line 34] SHENA'AH LAHEM - he taught them the Torah
19) [line 38] ASKERAH - (O.F. bon malant) quinsy, a severe development of heat, pain, redness and swelling in the throat; choking

20) [line 42] "HA'IM EIN EZRASI VI; V'SUSHIYAH NIDECHAH MIMENI?" - "Is not my help in me? And is wisdom driven quite from me?" (Iyov 6:13) - The word "Tushiyah" (wisdom) refers to the Torah.

21) [line 43] "...NEKEIVAH TESOVEV GAVER." - "[How long will you go about, O you faithless daughter? HaSh-m has created a new thing in the earth:] A woman shall court a man." (Yirmeyahu 31:21)

22) [line 43] "V'YADATA KI SHALOM OHALECHA; U'FAKADTA NAVECHA V'LO SECHETA." - "And you shall know that your tent is at peace; and you shall visit your residence and shall miss nothing." (Iyov 5:24) - The "residence" refers to one's wife.

23) [line 46] MISHTOKEKES - desires
24) [line 47] SAMUCH L'VESTAH - the day or night that is adjacent to the time that she regularly has her period

25) [line 47] V'CHAMA? ONAH - how much [time is termed "Samuch"]? one 12-hour period of time (RASHI) (RASHI to Pesachim 113b DH Onah writes one night and one day; however see RASHBAM there.)

26) [line 48] HA'MADRICH - one who leads, teaches
27) [line 48] HA'MASI'AN SAMUCH L'FIRKAN - one who marries off his children immediately after they reach puberty

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