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Yevamos 59

YEVAMOS 46-60 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.

1) [line 8] NISMANEH - and he became appointed
*2*) [line 10] HACHA NAMI KESIV ISHAH - that is, let us apply that same word "Ishah" to this case as well.

3) [line 10] U'MAH RA'ISA - what did you see [that made you apply the word "Ishah" to permit a widow and not a Bogeres?

4) [line 11] ISHTENI GUFAH - her body has changed

5) [line 14] BOGERES
A girl is a Ketanah (minor) until she has two pubic hairs after she enters her twelfth year. During the following six months she is a Na'arah (maidenhood). When six months elapse she becomes a Bogeres (adult).

6) [line 15] MUKAS ETZ - a woman who has lost her virginity (through means other than relations)

7) [line 24] SHE'KALU LAH BESULEHA - who has less blood of Besulim


8) [line 3] ZONAH
(a) One of the women prohibited to the Kohanim is a Zonah (Vayikra 21:7, 14). The Rabanan learn that the Zonah of the Torah refers to any of several different women:

1. A Nochris.
2. A woman who had relations with a man whom she is prohibited to marry. Included are a Nochri, slave, Isurei Arayos, Chayavei Lavim that are not specific to Kohanim (Nasin, Mamzer, Petzu'a Daka, etc.) and Isurei Aseh.
3. A woman who had relations with a Chalal, even though she is permitted to marry him.
4. A woman who converted or a maidservant who was freed.
(b) The status of Zonah does not come about just because of relations that are prohibited. For example, a woman is not rendered a Zonah if she has relations during the time that she was a Nidah or if she had relations with an animal, but rather from relations with a man whom she is prohibited to marry (except for a Chalal, as above, a:3). (RAMBAM Hilchos Isurei Bi'ah 18:1-5)

*9*) [line 5] KEGON SHE'NIV'ALAH LI'VEHEMAH - that is, the case in which Rav said that she becomes prohibited to Kohanim through a Bi'ah she'Lo k'Darka was a case in which she had Znus with a Behemah.

10) [line 13] MEMA'ENES (MI'UN)
(a) The Torah gives a father the right to marry off his daughter at any age before she is twelve years old.
(b) If she was divorced or widowed or her father died without marrying her off, the Chachamim gave the girl's mother and/or oldest brother the right to marry her off. In these cases the marriage is only mid'Rabanan and she must be at least ten years old, or at least six years old if she has an understanding of the concept of marriage.
(c) According to the RAMBAM and the RA'AVAD, in the above circumstances, the Chachamim also gave *her* the right to get married by herself. This marriage is also mid'Rabanan. According to the Rambam, she must be at least ten years old, or at least six years old if she has an understanding of the concept of marriage. According to the Ra'avad, however, her Kidushin is valid even if she has enough sense to guard the object given to her for her Kidushin (and she realizes that it was given to her for Kidushin).
(d) In the instances of marriage mid'Rabanan, before she reaches Halachic puberty and becomes a Na'arah (through the growth of two pubic hairs), she has the option of annulling the marriage through a procedure known as Mi'un (refusal). She says before two witnesses, "I do not want him," and the marriage is annulled retroactively. There is no need for her to receive a Get (a bill of divorce). A girl who is married off by her father cannot annul the marriage through Mi'un. (RAMBAM Hilchos Ishus 4:7-8)

11) [line 17] RIVAH ACHAS - one girl
12) [line 17] HISLO - a place (According to our Girsa, "Hislo," this might possibly be Yislah -- Yehoshua 19:42, or Cheslon -- Yechezkel 47:15, 48:1. However, the correct Girsa appears to be that of the Yerushalmi, "Ayesalo" (with an 'Ayin' instead of a Heh, sometimes written in two words, 'Ayesa Lo' -- Kinos of Tish'a b'Av), the hometown of one of the 24 Mishmeros Kehunah. According to Sefer Tevu'os ha'Aretz, Ayesalo was near Gush Chalav (and Tzefat) in the upper Galilee.)

13) [line 18] KELEV KUFRI - (a) a large, hunting dog (RASHI); (b) a small dog whose howling is heard at night coming from the villages in the desert (ARUCH)

14) [line 21] RAVA MI'PIRKIN - Rava, from the place called Pirkin (or Parzikiya -- MESORES HA'SHAS, possibly Porsika in modern-day Iraq)

15) [line 22] EIN ZENUS LI'VEHEMAH
See above, entry 8b.

16) [line 23] ESNAN ZONAH
An animal given to a harlot for her wage may not be brought as a sacrifice as stated in Devarim 23:19.

17) [line 23] MECHIR KELEV
An animal that had been exchanged for a dog may not be brought as a sacrifice as stated in the same verse.

*18*) [line 27] ANUSAS CHAVEIRO U'MEFUTAS CHAVEIRO - (TOSFOS 60a DH she'Eino suggests that the same Halachah might apply to Anusas Atzmo.)

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