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Yevamos 43

YEVAMOS 42 & 43 - sponsored by Hagaon Rav Yosef Pearlman of London, a living demonstration of love for and adoration of the Torah.

1) [line 1] V'CHI REBBI LO SHENA'AH, REBBI CHIYA MINAYIN LO? - since Rebbi did not teach it as a Stam Mishnah (because he did not want to establish the Halachah accordingly), then from where did Rebbi Chiya, his student, conclude that it is the Halachah?!

2) [line 2] MASREK SHEL PISHTAN - a comb or hackle for flax
3) [line 7] MELAKET - (a) (O.F. moles) pincers for picking hair, wool, etc. (a tool having two short handles and two grasping jaws working on a pivot, used from gripping things); or (b) (O.F. tenailles) tongs (an instrument with two arms joined at one end, used for grasping and holding things)

4a) [line 8] HISKINAH L'NER - if he prepared it for use as a tool (a) for cleaning out a lamp (RASHI); (b) for drawing up the wick from a lamp, by bending slightly one end of the tooth (TIF'ERES YISRAEL to Kelim 13:8)
b) [line 8] O L'MITU'ACH - (a) or as a pin to tack down garments or thread in order to stretch them (RASHI); (b) or for stretching a garment by inserting the broken teeth at the edge of the garment (BARTENURA to Kelim 13:5)

5a) [line 17] GAVYASA - inner teeth
b) [line 17] BARYASA - outer teeth
6) [line 22] KATAIHU - [when they were detached with a piece of wood from the comb that serves as] their handle

7) [line 23] KATINTA - thin
b) [line 24] ALIMTA - thick
8) [line 24] D'MESAIMEI BAH DAVKANEI - the scholars who are meticulous about finding the correct version of the Mishnah conclude [this Mishnah with the words, "These are the words of Rebbi Shimon."]


9) [line 22] ONEN (ANINUS - The Halachic status of a mourner immediately after a close relative's death)
(a) A person is called an Onen mid'Oraisa on the day of death of one of his seven closest relatives for whom he is required to arrange for burial (i.e. father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and wife). Chazal (Zevachim 101a) learn the Halachah of Aninus from the verse, "v'Achalti Chatas ha'Yom, ha'Yitav b'Einei HaSh-m?" (Vayikra 10:19). Aninus does not apply between a man and the woman he betroths.
(b) For a further discussion of Aninus and the difference between Aninus mid'Oraisa and Aninus mid'Rabanan, see Background to Yoma 13:5.

10) [line 22] MITAMEI LAH
The Torah (Vayikra 21:1-4) forbids Kohanim from coming into contact with corpses while concurrently commanding them to come into contact with certain deceased relatives. Those relatives are the Kohen's mother, father, son, daughter, brother, unmarried virgin sister from his father, and permitted wife.

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