(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof

Ask A Question on the daf

Previous daf

Yevamos 40

1) [line 10] "V'ACHLU OSAM ASHER KUPAR BAHEM..." - "And they shall eat those things with which the atonement was made..." (Shemos 29:33)

2a) [line 20] "LO SE'AFEH CHAMETZ, CHELKAM [NASATI OSAH ME'ISHAI...]" - "It shall not be baked with leaven. [I have given it to them for] their portion [of My offerings made by fire...]" (Vayikra 6:10) - Chazal apply the word "Chelkam" to the first half of the verse also, rendering it as, "*Even the portion of it* [that the Kohanim may eat, the Sheyarei ha'Minchah,] shall not be baked with leaven."

(a) There is a prohibition to cause the dough of Menachos (either the Kometz or the Shirayim, the part that the Kohanim eat) to become leavened as it states, "Kol ha'Minchah...Lo Se'aseh Chametz" (Vayikra 2:11). An additional verse, "Lo Se'afeh Chametz," (Vayikra 6:10), specifically prohibits *baking* leavened Menachos.
(b) This extra verse is used to teach that once the dough of a Minchah offering is leavened, each and every subsequent process involved in preparing a baked Minchah offering is also prohibited (Mechametz Achar Mechametz). For example, if one person leavens the dough and another bakes it, they both transgress a Lav. (Shabbos 111a)

3) [line 26] CHALUT - boiled
4) [line 47] REBBI CHANINA KARA - Rebbi Chanina, the Torah Scholar or Teacher (who knew all of the verses and their cantillations by heart)

5) [line 48] PUK, KARI KARYACH L'VARA - Go teach your Halachos outside [of the Beis ha'Midrash] (i.e. your opinion about this Halachah is unacceptable)

6) [line 50] ASAMYEI? - Shall I repudiate or cancel it?
7) [line 50] AT, HALACHAH ASNEYACH - your Rebbi taught you, "the Halachah is like Rebbi Yehudah."
8) [line 51] APACHT - you reversed it to, "the Halachah is not like Rebbi Yehudah."


9) [line 7] SHENIYOS
(a) In addition to the forbidden relationships (Isurei Ervah) prohibited by the Torah and punishable with Kares (Vayikra 18:6-30, 20:10-22, et. al.), the Chachamim decreed to prohibit certain relatives who are permitted mid'Oraisa. This decree of Sheniyos (lit. "secondaries") was meant to distance a person from engaging in relationships that are prohibited by the Torah. Although the Chachamim lent severity to this Isur by showing hidden inferences to Sheniyos from various verses in the Torah (Yevamos 21a), nevertheless the prohibition of Sheniyos is only mid'Rabanan. Therefore, if a man betroths a Sheniyah, his Kidushin is valid, and the resulting child is not a Mamzer as the child of an Ervah mid'Oraisa would be. If a Yevamah is a Sheniyah of the Yavam, she and her Tzarah (co-wife) must do Chalitzah and not Yibum.
(b) In some cases Sheniyos were prohibited only in a single generation, while in other cases they were prohibited in subsequent generations as well. For example, not only is one's mother's mother a Sheniyah, his mother's mother's mother is a Sheniyah as well; not only is one's son's daughter-in-law a Sheniyah, his son's son's daughter-in-law is a Sheniyah as well. The general rule is that if there is an Ervah mid'Oraisa in one generation (in the above example, one's mother or daughter-in-law) the associated Sheniyah was prohibited in all previous generations and subsequent generations as well; that is, the Sheniyah was prohibited "without a Hefsek" (RASHI 21a DH v'Eshes Achi ha'Av -- There are several exceptions to this rule; see Chart #6 to Yevamos 21a-22a and footnotes 2, 3.)
(c) There are those who prohibited Sheniyos based on the principle that "any relative who, as a female, is Asur as an Ervah, as a male his wife is Asur mid'Rabanan (i.e. a Sheniyah)." For example, since a man's daughter's daughter is prohibited to him, the Chachamim decreed that the daughter-in-law of his daughter is prohibited to him as a Sheniyah (GEMARA Yevamos 21b; see TOSFOS ibid. DH Lo Asru)

10) [line 18] MISNA - the dead brother
11) [line 35] AVRAI - (lit. is outside) is prohibited to the Yavam as his brother's wife with no Heter of Yibum; we do not say that there was a Chiyuv of Yibum from which the Chalutzah exempted her

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,