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1) [line 12] MECHADEDEI TEFEI - sharper, keener in their learning
2) [line 14] EIN MASHGICHIN B'VAS KOL
3) [line 25] BI'MKOMO SHEL REBBI ELIEZER - in the place where Rebbi Eliezer was the leading Rabbinic authority
4) [line 33] HAVAH METALTEL SHERAGA - he (Rebbi Avahu) would carry an earthenware oil lamp on Shabbos after the fire had gone out
5) [line 37] SHAM'A - attendant, servant
7) [line 45] D'MOD'I LEHU U'FARSHEI - Beis Shamai would inform them [that such-and-such a family comes from the Yibum of a Tzaras Ervah] and Beis Hillel would not marry into that family
8) [line 7] U'MAI ULMEI D'HACH ME'HACH - why is that [case of Taharos] stronger than this [case of Tzaros, such that it is used as a proof that Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel informed each other of the outcome of their differences in ruling]?
9) [line 17] ACHAYOS
10) [line 17] GET YASHAN - A bill of divorce given after the date that it was written When a man writes a Get for his wife and secludes himself with her afterwards, Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel argue as to whether he is permitted to use this Get to divorce her or not (Mishnah Gitin 79b). Beis Hilel, who prohibits using this Get, is afraid that he may postpone giving it to her, causing people to be suspicious about their subsequent offspring should he give her the Get at a later time. People might think that the date recorded in the Get was also the date on which it was given, giving their children the status of children born out of wedlock. Beis Shamai does not consider that this is a cause for concern (Gemara ibid.)
11) [line 17] SAFEK ESHES ISH - A women whose marital status is in doubt RASHI offers two possibilities to explain this Halachah:
1. A girl who has not yet reached adulthood who may annul her marriage through Mi'un (see Background to Yevamos 12:1). Her marital status is considered perpetually in doubt since she may exercise the right to annul it at any time. Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel argue about many specific details pertaining to this Halachah, among them whether the right to Mi'un is restricted only to girls who are engaged or also to those who are already married. (see Mishnah Yevamos 107a).12) [line 18] MEGARESH ES ISHTO V'LANAH IMO B'FUNDAK - A man who divorces his wife and secludes himself with her at an inn When a man writes a Get for his wife and secludes himself with her afterwards, Beis Hilel rules that since we suspect that he may have betrothed her with an act of marital relations (see Mishnah Kidushin 2a), he must give her another Get. The same people who witnessed them going into seclusion are the witnesses for the Kidushin through marital relations ("Hen Hen Edei Yichud, Hen Hen Edei Bi'ah"). Beis Shamai rules that he does not need to give her another Get (i.e. we do not say, "Hen Hen...") (Mishnah Gitin 81a).
13) [line 26] V'TISBERA? - do you really think so?
15) [line 38] [BO U'RE'EI] HEI'ACH HALACHAH ZO RAVACHAS B'YISRAEL - [Let us see] how this decision will spread (i.e. what its effects will be) among Benei Yisrael
16) [line 40] HA'VELAD PAGUM - the child is disqualified [to serve as a Kohen when the child is a male or to be married to Kohanim when the child is a female]