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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Ta'anis 27

TA'ANIS 27, 28, 29, 30 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael


(a) What percentage of the Mishmar would go to Yericho? Why did they go *there*?

(b) The Ma'amados in Yerushalayim comprised Kohanim and Levi'im, as well as Yisre'eilim.
Did it matter if, on any occasion, there were no Kohanim or Levi'im?

(c) This is the opinion of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel. The Beraisa adds musical instruments to the list.
Why did Shmuel not mention them? How can he argue with a Beraisa?

(a) According to Rav Chama bar Guriah Amar Rav, Moshe instituted eight Mishmaros.
How many Mishmaros were there from Elazar, and how many from Isamar?

(b) How many Mishmaros did Shmuel add, according to Rav Chama bar Guriah Amar Rav?

(c) Who later changed it to twenty-four?

(d) Then why does the Beraisa say that Shmuel and David instituted twenty- four?

(a) We ask on Rav from a Beraisa, which specifically states that Moshe instituted sixteen Mishmaros, eight from Elazar and eight from Isamar.
Why did Shmuel and David then change it to twenty-four? How many were there from Elazar and how many from Isamar?

(b) The Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim explicitly says that ultimately there were sixteen Mishmaros from Elazar and eight from Isamar.
What do we learn from the Pasuk there "Beis Av Echad Achuz le'Elazar ve'*Achuz Achuz* le'Isamar"?

(c) How does Rav Chama bar Guriah Amar Rav reconcile his opinion with the Beraisa?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the significance of Yedayah, Charim, Pashchur and Imar?

(b) What is the problem with 'Pashchur'?

(c) The prophets divided them into twenty-four groups.
How did they do that?

(d) What would have happened subsequently, if 'Yehohariv' arrived from Bavel?
Who was 'Yehoyariv'?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the Ma'amados would Lein from Ma'aseh Bereishis.
Why is that?

(b) What did Avraham mean when he asked Hashem in Lech Lecha "ba'Mah Eida Ki Irashenah"?

(c) What was Hashem's reply?

(d) What would protect Yisrael when there was no Beis Hamikdash (and no Korbanos)?

(a) The Beraisa says that the men of the Mishmar would Daven for the Korbanos of their brothers to be accepted in goodwill.
What did the men of the Ma'amad do?

(b) What does this Tana mean by ...

  1. ... the men of the Mishmar?
  2. ... the men of the Ma'amad?
7) Why did the men of the Ma'amad fast ...
  1. ... on Monday, on behalf of the people who were at sea, ?
  2. ... on Tuesday, on behalf of desert travelers?
  3. ... on Wednesday, on behalf of the babies (that they should not contract croup)?
  4. ... on Thursday, on behalf of pregnant and feeding mothers?
(a) Why did the men of the Ma'amad not fast on Friday and Shabbos?

(b) They did not fast on Sunday, according to Rebbi Yochanan, because of the Notzrim.
What does he mean by that?

(c) According to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini, they did not fast on Sunday because it is the third day of the creation.
What does *he* mean?

(d) Resh Lakish gives a third reason for not fasting on Sunday.
What is it?

(a) The Beraisa says that on Sunday, the men of the Ma'amad would call up to the Torah two people for the Parshah of 'Bereishis' and one for that of 'Yehi Raki'a'.
What is the problem with this?

(b) Rav answers 'Doleg'.
What does that mean?

(c) What does Shmuel say?

(a) On what grounds does ...
  1. ... Rav object to Shmuel's ruling (of Posek)?
  2. ... does Shmuel object to Rav's ruling (of Doleg)?
(b) Rebbi Chanina ha'Gadol reluctantly permitted Rebbi Chanina the children's Rebbe to stop in the middle of the Pasuk when teaching his pupils (but not otherwise). So how could Shmuel rule Posek?

(c) According to the 'Yesh Omrim' in the Beraisa, if the Ba'al Korei (mistakenly) Leined three out of five Pesukim in a Parshah and stopped (two short of the end), the next Oleh must conclude the Parshah and Lein at least three Pesukim into the next Parshah.
Why is this necessary? Why do we not say 'Doleg' according to Rav and 'Posek', according to Shmuel?

Answers to questions

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