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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Ta'anis 26

TA'ANIS 26 - sponsored in memory of Fishel Yitzchok ben Shmuel (Yahrzeit: 16 Elul) by his children and grandchildren.

***** Perek bi'Sheloshah Perakim *****


(a) The Tana says that on three occasions in the year the Kohanim Duchen four times (a statement which the Gemara will amend).
What are ...
  1. ... the three occasions?
  2. ... the four times?
(b) Besides the closing of the gates of the Beis Hamikdash, what else can 'Ne'ilas She'arim' mean?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Pinchas "Tzav es B'nei Yisrael ... es Korbani Lachmi ... "?

(d) Who instituted the Ma'amados?

(a) The Ma'amados corresponded to the twenty-four Mishmaros.
Where were they situated, in Yerushalayim or in the other towns of Yisrael?

(b) What three things did the men of the Ma'amad in the towns used to do?

(c) On which days of the week would they fast?

(d) What did they Lein ...

  1. ... on Sunday?
  2. ... on Monday?
  3. ... on Friday?
(a) Why did they need to Lein two Parshiyos each day?

(b) How did they arrange the three Aliyos?

(c) How often did they Lein each day?

(d) At which Tefilah on Friday did the men of the Ma'amad not gather to Lein?

(a) What would the men of the Ma'amad in Yerushalayim omit on a day when Hallel was recited?

(b) Why would they omit ...

  1. ... Ma'amados at Ne'ilah, on a day when the Korban Musaf was brought?
  2. ... Ma'amados at Minchah, on a day when the Korban Eitzim was brought?
What is the difference between the two cases?

(c) If the Kohanim of the Ma'amad (who were apparently chosen from the Mishmar of that week) were Patur because they were busy bringing the Musafim, why were the Yisre'eilim Patur?

(d) This is the opinion of Rebbi Akiva.
What does ben Azai quoting Rebbi Yehoshua (to whom Rebbi Akiva later concedes) hold?

(a) Z'man Atzei Kohanim ve'ha'Am comprised nine fixed days in the year.
What happened on those nine days?

(b) On what basis were those particular families chosen?

(c) The family of Orach ben Yehudah was the first family to bring wood. What was their designated date?

(d) Which was the second family to bring the Korban Eitzim (on the twentieth of Tamuz)?

(a) What do the B'nei Zeisu ben Yehudah, the B'nei Gonvei Ali and the B'nei Kotzei Ketzi'os all have in common?

(b) Who else brought the Korban Eitzim together with them on the fifteenth of Av?

(c) The last family on the list was that of Par'osh ben Yehudah, who brought the Korban Eitzim on Rosh Chodesh Teives.
What distinguished marked ...

  1. ... Par'osh ben Yehudah from all the other families?
  2. ... Rosh Chodesh Teives from all the other dates?
Answers to questions



(a) Which two calamities ...
1. ... (besides the smashing of the Luchos, the nullification of the Tamid and the breaching of the walls of Yerushalayim) occurred on Shiv'ah-Asar be'Tamuz?
2. ... (besides the decree that the generation that left Egypt would not enter Eretz Yisrael and the destruction of both Batei Mikdash) occurred on Tish'ah be'Av?
(b) What do we do when Av enters?

(c) Which two things does the Tana of our Mishnah forbid during the week of Tish'ah be'Av?

(d) Which of them is permitted on Thursday and under what circumstances (i.e. when does Tish'ah be'Av occur)?

(a) The Tana Kama forbids three (additional) things on Erev Tish'ah be'Av. What are they?

(b) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel requires a change (which will be explained in the Gemara).
Which stringency does Rebbi Yehudah add (with which the Rabbanan do not agree)?

(a) Which two Yamim-Tovim does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel describe as the greatest? What did the girls used to do then?

(b) Why did they all used to wear borrowed dresses?

(c) Why did all the dresses require Tevilah?

(d) What would the girls say to the young men who might be watching them (see Tif'eres Yisrael)?

(a) Much of this is hinted in the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "Tze'enah u'Re'enah B'nos Tzi'on ba'Melech Sh'lomoh ... ".
Who is referred to as "Melech Sh'lomoh"?

(b) The Pasuk there concludes "be'Yom Chasunaso u've'Yom Simchas Libo". What is meant by ...

  1. ... "be'Yom Chasunaso"?
  2. ... "u've'Yom Simchas Libo"?
(c) What then, is the connection between this Pasuk and the previous section of the Mishnah, which speaks about Yom Kipur and Chamishah-Asar be'Av?
11) Our Mishnah said that on three occasions in the year, the Kohanim would Duchen four times.
Since when does one recite Musaf on a Ta'anis or on a day of Ma'amados?


(a) The author of our Mishnah (which says that the Kohanim Duchen both at Minchah of a fast-day and at Ne'ilah), says Rav Nachman quoting Rabah bar Avuha, is Rebbi Meir. But according to the Chachamim, they do not Duchen at either of them.
Presuming that the reason that the Kohanim do not Duchen at Minchah is because they have often drunk wine, how will we explain their Machlokes?

(b) Rebbi Yossi has a third opinion.
What does he hold?

(c) Rav Yehudah quoting Rav, Rebbi Yochanan and Rava all rule like Rebbi Meir (but in varying degrees).
What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... Halachah ke'Rebbi Meir (Rav)?
  2. ... Minhag ke'Rebbi Meir (Rava)?
  3. ... Nahagu ke'Rebbi Meir (Rebbi Yochanan)?
(d) The Gemara's conclusion however, is like Rav Nachman.
Like whom does *he* rule?
(a) Why do the Kohanim Duchen at Minchah of a fast-day nowadays?

(b) What do we learn from the juxtaposition of ...

  1. ... Birchas Kohanim to the Parshah of Nazir (in Naso)?
  2. ... the word "le'Sharso" to "u'le'Varech bi'Shemo"(in Eikev)?
(c) From where do we then learn that a Kohen who has a blemish is not invalidated from Birchas Kohanim?

(d) On what grounds do we Darshen these Pesukim leniently (to permit a Kohen who has eaten grapes and a Kohen who has a blemish to Duchen, from a Kohen who performs the Avodah and from a Nazir respectively), and not stringently (to forbid a Kohen who has eaten grapes from a Nazir, and one who has a blemish from a Kohen who performs the Avodah)?

Answers to questions

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