REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 25
(a) What did Rebbi Chanina ben Dosa's wife used to do every Erev Shabbos? Why
did she do that?
(b) What happened once when an inquisitive neighbor came to discover what she
was doing baking when she knew that they had no money?
(c) What reason did Rebbi Chanina's wife give the inquisitive neighbor for
going into the living-room? Was it true?
(a) What did Rebbi Chanina ben Dosa advise his wife to do to alleviate their
financial situation? What happened?
(b) Why did he subsequently pray for the golden leg to be withdrawn?
(c) Why was the second miracle greater than the first?
(a) On what grounds did Rebbi Chanina ben Dosa tell his daughter not to worry
about her having mistakenly kindled vinegar for the Shabbos-lights instead of
(b) The lights burned right through Shabbos and he even took a light for
Havdalah from them.
Why did he not use them directly for Havdalah?
(a) Why did Rebbi Chanina ben Dosa's goats come home one day carrying wolves
in their horns?
(b) It is strange that the impoverished Rebbi Chanina should have owned goats
in the first place.
For what other reason would he not have owned goats?
(c) Then whose goats were they?
(d) What is meant by 'the house whose beams were built by Rebbi Chanina ben
(a) Rebbi Elazar ben Pedas was extremely poor.
Why did he faint from
weakness one day?
(b) The Rabbanan who came to visit him found him crying and laughing in his
Why was he ...
(c) Why did he decline Hashem's offer to be re-born with the possibility of
being born in a more affluent period?
- ... crying?
- ... laughing?
- ... emitting flashes of lightning?
(d) There are no spare portions in the World to Come.
So whose portion did
Rebbi Elazar expect to receive there, when he asked why his reward for
declining to be re-born was only thirteen rivers of pure Afarsemon-oil and no
(a) Rebbi Chama bar Chanina decreed a fast but, in contrast to when Rebbi
Yehoshua ben Levi decreed one, no rain came. The community's united effort
did not help, nor did his commanding the sky to become overcast.
the rain come?
(b) Levi decreed a fast and no rain came.
What did he say that caused the
rain to come, but for which he was sentenced to become lame?
(c) On which occasion did he become lame?
(a) Rebbi Chiya bar Luliani was not happy with the clouds' decision to move
on to Amon and Mo'av and to empty their load there.
Answers to questions
What did he say to
them? Did they listen to him?
(b) David Hamelech compared a Tzadik to both a date-palm and a cedar.
does Rebbi Chiya bar Luliani explain the fact that he needed to mention both?
Why could he not just compare them to ...
(c) But have we not learned in a Beraisa in Bava Basra that a cedar does not
re-grow once it is cut down?
- ... a date-palm?
- ... a cedar?
(a) If someone buys a tree to cut down and take away, he must leave one
Tefach of the trunk standing for it to re-grow.
How much is he obligated to
leave of a ...
(b) Why, by date-palms and cedars-trees, may the purchaser take them out by
- ... a 'Shikmah'-tree that had already been cut down once?
- ... a 'Shikmah'-tree that was being cut down for the first time?
- ... bamboos and vines?
(c) How many different species of cedars are there?
(a) Rebbi Eliezer decreed thirteen fasts, but no rain came. As the people
were leaving the Shul, he said something to them and they reacted; then the
What did he say and how did they react?
(b) On another occasion, no rain came even after he had recited the twenty-
When *did* the rain come?
(c) Does this mean that Rebbi Akiva was superior to his Rebbe (in good deeds
or in Torah-learning)?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, the community stop fasting (provided the rain
fell before the prescribed time - see question 12) only if enough rain fell
to fill the ditch of the plowed furrow. The Chachamim disagree.
must the rain have seeped into the earth, to permit abolishing the fast,
according to them, if the ground is ...
(b) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar says in a Beraisa that, for every Tefach of rain
that penetrates the earth, *three* Tefachim of water rise from the depths.
How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa which says only *two*?
- ... dry (virgin soil)?
- ... medium?
- ... very soft (i.e. well plowed)?
(a) What would the upper Tehom say to the lower Tehom when they poured out
the water for Nisuch ha'Mayim on Sukos?
(b) David Hamelech in Tehilim mentions two pipes in this regard.
the two pipes refer to?
(c) Rabah claimed that he saw Ridayah (from the word 'Rediyah' - plowing),
the Angel of rain, standing in between the two Tehomos.
(d) What did he say to ...
- ... did he resemble?
- ... blemish was visible on him?
- ... the upper Tehom?
- ... the lower Tehom?
(a) We already learned in our Mishnah the Machlokes between the Chachamim
(who say that they stopped fasting if the rain fell before sunrise), and
Rebbi Eliezer (in whose opinion the critical time is midday). The Beraisa
quotes the same Machlokes in the name of Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah -
respectively. Rebbi Yossi has a third opinion.
What does *he* say? What is
(b) When Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'a decreed a fast, and rain came after sunrise, he
wanted to complete the fast.
What did Rebbi Ami say to him?
(c) Shmuel ha'Katan decreed a fast.
What did he say to the people who
thought that it was a good sign when ...
(d) When would it have to rain, for Shmuel ha'Katan to consider it a good
- ... on one occasion, it began to rain before sunrise?
- ... on another occasion, the rain came after sunset?
(a) Why, in our Mishnah (in the days of Rebbi Tarfon), did they not say
Hallel ha'Gadol until after they had eaten?
***** Hadran Alach, Seider Ta'aniyos Eilu! *****
(b) Then why is it that, when Rav Papa decreed a fast in the Shul of Avi
Gubar, and rain came, they said it *before* eating?
Answers to questions