REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 19
TA'ANIS 17, 18, 19 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
(a) We just learned that, according to the Tana Kama, if one town had
sufficient rain, but its neighbor did not, then, apart from the fact that
both towns must fast and blow the Shofar, all the surrounding towns must
fast too, but not blow the Shofar.
What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(b) By which two other calamities do Rebbi Akiva and the Chachamim engage in
the same Machlokes?
(c) In a town of five hundred inhabitants, what constitutes a plague of
(a) If 'Shidafon' and 'Yerakon' (plagues that affect the produce), or a
plague of locusts, occurred in one town, one fasts and blows the Shofar
Why is that?
(b) To which two other calamities does this Halachah apply?
(c) Does the obligation of fasting and blowing the Shofar even extend to
(d) The Tana Kama relates how they decreed a fast in Eretz Yisrael because
wolves devoured two children in Eiver ha'Yarden.
What does Rebbi Yossi
(a) By which three calamities does one cry out (by saying 'Aneinu') even on
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) Which third calamity does Shimon ha'Teimani add to this list, though the
Rabbanan do not agree with him?
(a) Which is the only calamity for which one does not fast or blow the
(b) What did Choni ha'Me'agel ...
(c) He was loathe to pray for the rain to stop.
- ... instruct the people to do when they asked him to pray for rain?
- ... do when, initially no rain came?
- ... say, when only a trickle came?
- ... say, when it came down in angry torrents?
What did he instruct the
people to do before he did so?
(d) What message did Shimon ben Shetach subsequently send him?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, if it began to rain only after sunrise, they
would nevertheless continue fasting.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
(b) What did Rebbi Tarfon once rule in Lud when, during a fast for rain, it
began to rain before mid-day?
(c) And what did they do after they had eaten?
(a) How does Rav Yehudah (amend and) explain our Mishnah 'Seider Ta'aniyos
Eilu ha'Amur bi'Revi'ah Rishonah' in order to avoid clashing with a Beraisa?
(b) Then why did the Tana mention the first fall of rain at all?
(c) Rav Nachman establishes our Mishnah (which says that if the produce
changes from what was originally planted, one fasts immediately)
specifically in a case when it actually changed, but not when the produce
Why not (according to Rashi's first explanation)?
(d) We explain Rav Nachman's Chidush to be in a case 'de'Hadar Ikun'.
does this mean? What is the Chidush?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah rules that, if the rain began to fall in good
time, but then stopped, one fasts and blows, because it is Makas Betzores.
This is not technically correct.
Answers to questions
What does he actually mean?
(b) What is the difference between having to transport grain down the river
from one town to another (which has no food of its own), on the one hand,
and having to transport it from one country to another by donkey, on the
(a) Rebbi Chanina describes a case of 'a Sa'ah for a Sela, but it is
available', as Betzores.
Why is that?
(b) How does he then go on to describe famine?
(c) What did Rebbi Yochanan comment on the latter case? What did he remember
from his early days in Teverya?
(a) A light rain is good for the plants but not for the trees.
of rain is good for ...
- ... the trees but not for the plants?
- ... the trees and the plants but not for the water-pits?
- ... the water-pits but not for the trees and the plants (according to Rashi's first explanation)?
(b) When does one start blowing the Shofar if there is insufficient water
(c) Can 'immediately' be taken literally?
- ... the trees?
- ... to fill the pits?
- ... to drink?
(d) Do the neighboring towns need to blow Shofar and fast, too?
(a) There are two kinds of Askara (croup).
For which one does one fast and
blow the Shofar, and for which one does one not?
(b) What is the difference between Guva'i and Chagav (two kinds of locusts)?
What are the ramifications of that difference, according to the Tana Kama?
(c) What does Raban Shimon ben Elazar say?
(a) Does one fast and blow the Shofar for ...
(b) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say about fasting for the trees and
the wild seeds in the Shmitah?
- ... water to fill the water pits in the Shmitah (bearing in mind that the rain will also water the earth)?
- ... for the trees (according to the Tana Kama)?
(c) Rebbi Elazar ben Perata says 'mi'Yom she'Charav Beis Hamikdash, Na'aseh
Geshamim Tzimokin', meaning that sometimes there is plenty of rain,
sometimes there is a shortage; sometimes the rain falls in its time,
sometimes it does not. To what does he compare a year when ...
(d) According to the first Lashon, he compares a year when there is
sufficient rain to a slave who receives his sustenance all in one go, so
that only one lot of flour gets lost in the mill (and similarly, the rain-
water becomes absorbed by the earth and the wind only once); and a year when
there is insufficient rain to a slave who received his sustenance little by
little, so that each time he kneads, he loses more flour (and so it is with
- ... the rain falls in its time?
- ... it does not?
What is the second Mashal?
(a) What did Nakdimon ben Gurion ask from the Roman aristocrat, and what did
he promise to give him in return, should it not have rained by a certain
Answers to questions
(b) What did he reply to the aristocrat when, first the morning of the given
date arrived, then noon, then late afternoon, and no rain was forthcoming?
(c) What was that aristocrat's reaction the third time that Nakdimon gave
him that answer?
(d) Where was a sad-looking Nakdimon going when he met a happy-looking
aristocrat going to the bathhouse? What did Nakdimon do there?