REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 17
TA'ANIS 17, 18, 19 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
(a) Earlier in the Sugya, we connected the Berachah of 'Shomei'a Tze'akah'
with Shmuel and 'Shomei'a Tefilah', with Eliyahu. Others reverse the two
Berachos: they connect Tefilah with Shmuel, and Tze'akah with Eliyahu.
does the latter present a problem, but not the former?
(b) How do we explain the Pasuk "Aneini Hashem Aneini" to resolve the
(a) Seeing that David and Shlomoh lived long before Yonah, why does the Tana
place their Berachah last?
(b) What is the significance of the Berachah 'Baruch ... Mashpil ha'Ramim'
mentioned in the Beraisa?
(a) Under what conditions is a Kohen forbidden to drink wine nowadays ...
(b) The Tana speaks about the Kohen knowing that his Beis-Av was fixed.
- ... on that day only?
- ... for the whole week?
- ... for the entire year?
Why should they not be fixed?
(c) What does Rebbi mean when he says ...
(d) What important statement does Abaye make with regard to the Kohanim
drinking wine nowadays?
- ... 'Omer Ani, Asur Lishtos Yayin Le'olam'?
- ... 'Takanaso Kalkalaso'?
(a) Why are the Kohanim forbidden to have a haircut or to wash their clothes
during their week of Avodah?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Melech be'Yofyo Techezenah
(c) Why was the Kohen Gadol obligated to have a haircut every Friday?
(a) From where do we learn that 'S'tam Nezirus Sh'loshim Yom'?
Answers to questions
(b) What do we then learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Pera" (in Yechezkel)
from "Pera" (in Naso)?
(c) What do we learn from the fact that the Navi writes "u'Pera Lo
Yeshaleichu" (and not "Lo Yeshaleichu Pera")?
(a) How do we initially explain why nowadays, the Kohanim are not forbidden
to have a hair-cut?
(b) But that is according to Rebbi.
How do we ultimately explain why, even
according to the Rabbanan, the Kohanim are permitted to have a hair-cut, in
spite of the fact that they are forbidden to drink wine?
(c) Why can they not also drink wine and, should the Beis Hamikdash be
built, they can walk one Mil (eighteen minutes) or sleep for a very short
period of time (to shake off the drunkenness)?
(d) Rav Ashi has another reason as to why Chazal forbade Kohanim to drink
wine nowadays but not to have a haircut.
What is it?
(a) The Torah specifically writes that a Kohen who drinks wine and then
performs the Avodah is Chayav Misah.
How do we answer the previous Kashya?
From where does the Tana of the
Beraisa know that the same applies to a Kohen who does the Avodah with more
than a thirty day growth of hair?
(b) How can we learn a Halachah from Yechezkel, if it is not mentioned in
(c) As a precedent, we have the 'Hekesh' from another Pasuk in Yechezkel
"Kol Ben Neichar Areil Leiv ve'Areil Basar".
What do we learn from there?
(d) What is now the Kashya on Rav Ashi (who said earlier - in 6d. - that,
whereas a Kohen who serves after drinking wine invalidates the Avodah, a
Kohen who serves with long hair does not)?
(a) Chazal fixed a Yom-Tov (on which it is forbidden even to make a eulogy)
from the *first* of Nisan until the *eighth*, because the Tamid was
established, and from the eighth until the end of Pesach because Shavu'os
Answers to questions
What do they mean when they say ...
(b) How do we explain the need to include the first of Nisan in the Yamim-
Tovim de'Rabbanan, in spite of the fact that it is Rosh Chodesh, on which
fasting and eulogizing are anyway forbidden?
- ... 'because the Tamid was established'?
- ... 'because Shavu'os was established'?
(c) But why is the the twenty-ninth of Adar not forbidden anyway, seeing as
it is the day before Rosh Chodesh?
(d) And why did they find it necessary to include Pesach in the Yom-Tov de-
Rabbanan, on which fasting and eulogizing are anyway forbidden?