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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Ta'anis 17

TA'ANIS 17, 18, 19 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael


(a) Earlier in the Sugya, we connected the Berachah of 'Shomei'a Tze'akah' with Shmuel and 'Shomei'a Tefilah', with Eliyahu. Others reverse the two Berachos: they connect Tefilah with Shmuel, and Tze'akah with Eliyahu.
Why does the latter present a problem, but not the former?

(b) How do we explain the Pasuk "Aneini Hashem Aneini" to resolve the problem?

(a) Seeing that David and Shlomoh lived long before Yonah, why does the Tana place their Berachah last?

(b) What is the significance of the Berachah 'Baruch ... Mashpil ha'Ramim' mentioned in the Beraisa?

(a) Under what conditions is a Kohen forbidden to drink wine nowadays ...
  1. ... on that day only?
  2. ... for the whole week?
  3. ... for the entire year?
(b) The Tana speaks about the Kohen knowing that his Beis-Av was fixed.
Why should they not be fixed?

(c) What does Rebbi mean when he says ...

  1. ... 'Omer Ani, Asur Lishtos Yayin Le'olam'?
  2. ... 'Takanaso Kalkalaso'?
(d) What important statement does Abaye make with regard to the Kohanim drinking wine nowadays?
(a) Why are the Kohanim forbidden to have a haircut or to wash their clothes during their week of Avodah?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Melech be'Yofyo Techezenah Einecha"?

(c) Why was the Kohen Gadol obligated to have a haircut every Friday?

(a) From where do we learn that 'S'tam Nezirus Sh'loshim Yom'?

(b) What do we then learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Pera" (in Yechezkel) from "Pera" (in Naso)?

(c) What do we learn from the fact that the Navi writes "u'Pera Lo Yeshaleichu" (and not "Lo Yeshaleichu Pera")?

Answers to questions



(a) How do we initially explain why nowadays, the Kohanim are not forbidden to have a hair-cut?

(b) But that is according to Rebbi.
How do we ultimately explain why, even according to the Rabbanan, the Kohanim are permitted to have a hair-cut, in spite of the fact that they are forbidden to drink wine?

(c) Why can they not also drink wine and, should the Beis Hamikdash be built, they can walk one Mil (eighteen minutes) or sleep for a very short period of time (to shake off the drunkenness)?

(d) Rav Ashi has another reason as to why Chazal forbade Kohanim to drink wine nowadays but not to have a haircut.
What is it?

(a) The Torah specifically writes that a Kohen who drinks wine and then performs the Avodah is Chayav Misah.
From where does the Tana of the Beraisa know that the same applies to a Kohen who does the Avodah with more than a thirty day growth of hair?

(b) How can we learn a Halachah from Yechezkel, if it is not mentioned in the Torah?

(c) As a precedent, we have the 'Hekesh' from another Pasuk in Yechezkel "Kol Ben Neichar Areil Leiv ve'Areil Basar".
What do we learn from there?

(d) What is now the Kashya on Rav Ashi (who said earlier - in 6d. - that, whereas a Kohen who serves after drinking wine invalidates the Avodah, a Kohen who serves with long hair does not)?

8) How do we answer the previous Kashya?


(a) Chazal fixed a Yom-Tov (on which it is forbidden even to make a eulogy) from the *first* of Nisan until the *eighth*, because the Tamid was established, and from the eighth until the end of Pesach because Shavu'os was established.
What do they mean when they say ...
  1. ... 'because the Tamid was established'?
  2. ... 'because Shavu'os was established'?
(b) How do we explain the need to include the first of Nisan in the Yamim- Tovim de'Rabbanan, in spite of the fact that it is Rosh Chodesh, on which fasting and eulogizing are anyway forbidden?

(c) But why is the the twenty-ninth of Adar not forbidden anyway, seeing as it is the day before Rosh Chodesh?

(d) And why did they find it necessary to include Pesach in the Yom-Tov de- Rabbanan, on which fasting and eulogizing are anyway forbidden?

Answers to questions

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