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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Ta'anis 16

TA'ANIS 16 (11 Elul) - dedicated to the memory of Chana (Birnbaum) bas Reb Chaim, on the day of her Yarzeit.


(a) They Davened in the street, according to Rebbi Chiya bar Aba, as if to say, 'We cried out discreetly, to no avail. Now let us disgrace ourselves in public (perhaps that will evoke the Divine mercy)'. What does Resh Lakish say?

(b) What is the difference between the two explanations?

(c) Why did they ...

  1. ... take the Aron ha'Kodesh out into the street?
  2. ... wear sack-cloth?
(d) What did they used to do after putting-on sack-cloth?
(a) According to Resh Lakish, they placed ashes on the Aron ha'Kodesh, because of the Pasuk in Tehilim "Imo Anochi be'Tzarah".
What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Pazi say?

(b) What was Rebbi Zeira's reaction when he saw the Rabbanan placing ashes on the Aron ha'Kodesh for the first time?

(c) Rebbi Levi bar Chama and Rebbi Chanina (according to the Rif and the Rosh it should be Rebbi Levi bar Lachma and Rebbi Chama bar Chanina) argue over the reason why everyone placed ashes on their heads. One of them says it was to demonstrate that they were before Hashem like ashes.
What does the other one say?

(d) What is the difference between the two reasons?

(a) The same Amora'im argue over the reason that they would go out to visit the graves. One says that it is to demonstrate that they were like dead people.
What does the other opinion hold? What is the difference between the two reasons?

(b) One of the same Amora'im explains that the mountain on which the Akeidas Yitzchak took place is called 'Har ha'Mori'ah' because teaching went out from it to Yisrael.
What does this mean?

(c) What does the other one say?

(d) How will he explain it if, as some explain it, Har ha'Mori'ah refers to Har Sinai?

(a) If there is no Zaken present to say the 'humbling words', then a Chacham says them.
What does the Tana mean by 'Zakein'? Who says them if there is not even a Chacham there either?

(b) What is the gist of the Musar given by the Zakein?

(c) They bound the animals separately and their babies separately.
What did they then say to Hashem?

(d) "va'Yikre'u el Elokim be'Chazkah".
What does "be'Chazkah" mean? What did they say?

5) What did the people of Ninveh do that proved that their Teshuvah was sincere?


(a) What Mashal does Rav Ada bar Ahavah give to describe someone who confesses to having sinned (the first stage of Teshuvah) but does not relinquish the sin (i.e. he fails to return the stolen article)?

(b) What does he learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "u'Modeh ve'Ozev Yerucham" and from the Pasuk in Eichah "Nisa Levaveinu el Kapayim"?

(c) If they had a choice of Chazen between a Zakein and someone who was more conversant with the text of the Tefilah, whom would they choose?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, they looked for many additional qualities in the Chazen.
Why did he need to have many children and struggle to make ends meet?

(b) He also had to work hard (in the fields).
Which characteristic did he need to have?

(c) What would his relationship with other people have to be?

(d) A sweet and pleasant voice was important, too.
Besides being fluent in all the Berachos, what other expertise did he require? Who was the epitome of such a Ba'al Tefilah.

(a) Having said that he struggled to make ends meet, what does Rebbi Yehudah mean by 'his house is empty'?

(b) And what does 'u'Pirko Na'eh' mean?

(c) What is Yirmiyah ha'Navi referring to when he writes " ... Nasnah Alai be'Kolah, Al-Kein Seneisiha"?

Answers to questions



(a) When they said 'Mi she'Anah es Avraham be'Har ha'Mori'ah Hu Ya'aneh Eschem ve'Yishma Kol Tza'akaschem ha'Yom ha'Zeh', how did the Berachah conclude?

(b) In the Beis Hamikdash, the same Berachah would end 'Baruch Hashem Elokei Yisrael min ha'Olam ve'Ad ha'Olam (the standard text for every Berachah in the Beis Hamikdash), Baruch ... Go'el Yisrael'.
What did everybody answer?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah ...

  1. ... "Kumu Borchu es Hashem Elokeichem min ha'Olam ad ha'Olam"?
  2. ... "vi'Yevarchu Sheim Kevodecha"?
  3. ... "u'Meromam al Kol Berachah u'Sehilah"?
10) Why does the Tana of the last Beraisa place what we have called until now 'the conclusion' of the Berachah ('Mi she'Anah es Avaraham ... ') literally at the end of the Berachah (even after the people have answered 'Baruch Sheim ... ', whereas until now, the Tana'im placed it before 'Baruch Atah Hashem'?


(a) We learned in our Mishnah that, according to Rebbi Yehudah, they did not include Zichronos and Shofros among the six extra Berachos. On which three occasions (exclusively) are Zichronos and Shofros said, according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) We learned this Din by Rosh Hashanah above (on Daf 16a - 'Say before Me Malchiyos and Zichronos ... '), and on 26b., we learned that Yom Kipur of Yovel has the same Din as Rosh Hashanah regarding Berachos (and Teki'ah). From where do we know that one says Berachos and Pesukim of (Malchiyos) Zichronos and Shofros when going to war?

Answers to questions

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