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Ta'anis 15


(a) In time to come, says Rebbi Elazar (commenting on a Pasuk in Yeshayah), kings will stand before B'nei Yisrael and princes will prostrate themselves. In similar vein to the previous question, Rebbi Zeira (or Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini) disagrees with Rebbi Elazar.
What does *he* say about the princes?

(b) Who is greater, a Tzadik or a Yashar?

(c) In light of that, what does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak comment on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Or Zaru'a la'Tzadik, u'le'Yishrei Leiv, Simchah"?

***** Hadran Alach, 'Me'eimasai' *****

***** Perek Seder Ta'aniyos *****


(a) They would take the Aron ha'Kodesh into the street, and everyone took Eifer Makleh and put it on his head.
What is 'Eifer Makleh'?

(b) Ashes were placed by others on the heads of two important dignitaries. Which three?

(c) The wisest elder among them would say captivating words, which included the Pasuk in Yo'el "Kir'u Levavchem ve'Al Bigdeichem".
What Musar would he give them based on Seifer Yonah?

(d) The Chazen had to have four qualities: he had to be a 'Zakein ve'Ragil'. What were the other two?

3) When is Nevi'im referred to as 'Divrei Kabalah' and when is it not?


(a) The Chazen inserted six extra Berachos in the Amidah.
Where did he add them?

(b) What were the first two Berachos, according to the Tana Kama?

(c) From which Seifer was the text of the other four taken?

(d) Which two Berachos did Rebbi Yehudah re-place?

(a) Why does the Tana list *seven* 'conclusions' to the Berachos, when really, only *six* were added? Which 'conclusion' does not belong to the list?

(b) What is the connection between ...

  1. ... 'Zichronos' and our Fathers at the Yam-Suf?
  2. ... 'Shofros' and Yehoshua at Gilgal?
(c) 'Zichronos' ends 'Baruch ... Zocher ha'Nishkachos'.
How does Shofros end?
(a) The third Berachah reads 'el Hashem ba'Tzarasah Li ... ', and concludes 'Mi she'Anah es Shmuel ... ', the fourth, 'Esa Einai el he'Harim', and the fifth, 'mi'Ma'amakim Kerasicha Hashem'.
Which Tzadik is referred to in the conclusion of ...
  1. ... the fourth Berachah?
  2. ... the fifth Berachah?
(b) The third Berachah ends 'Baruch ... Shomei'a Tze'akah'.
How does the fourth Berachah end?

(c) The final Berachah begins 'Tefilah le'Ani Ki Ya'atof'.
Which Tzadikim are referred to in the conclusion of this Berachah?

(d) The fifth Berachah ends 'Baruch ... ha'Oneh be'Eis Tzarah'.
How does the final Berachah end?

Answers to questions



(a) What happened when, in the days of Rebbi Chalafta and Rebbi Chananya ben Teradyon, the Chazen concluded the Berachah of Go'eil Yisrael?

(b) On what grounds did the Chachamim object?

(c) Who announced 'Tik'u ha'Kohanim, Tik'u' or 'Hari'u ha'Kohanim, Hari'u' before each Berachah?

(d) When did they blow Teki'ah and when did they blow Teru'ah? How many notes did they blow?

(a) Who were ...
  1. ... the 'Anshei Mishmar'?
  2. ... the 'Anshei Beis-Av'?
(b) During the first set of fasts, according to Rebbi Yehoshua, the Anshei Beis-Av did not fast at all.
What about the Anshei Mishmar?

(c) During the second set of fasts, the Anshei Mishmar were obligated to complete the fast.
What about the Anshei Beis-Av?

(d) That is the opinion of Rebbi Yehoshua; the Chachamim are more lenient than him. According to them, what did the Anshei Mishmar and the Anshei Beis-Av do ...

  1. ... during the first set of fasts?
  2. ... during the second set?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua, both the Anshei Mishmar and the Anshei Beis-Av had to complete the fast during the third set of fasts.
What do the Chachamim say?

(b) The Anshei Beis-Av were forbidden to drink wine for the twenty-four hour period that they were on duty.
Why were they forbidden to do so even at night-time? What Avodah did the Anshei Beis-Av perform then?

(c) The Anshei Mishmar were forbidden to drink wine during the day because they might be needed to assist in the Avodah.
Why did this prohibition not extend to the night-time?

(d) The Anshei Beis-Av and the Anshei Ma'amad (Kohanim, Levi'im and Yise'eilim whose turn it was that week to represent Yisrael to stand by the Korbenos Tzibur that were brought that week) were forbidden to have a hair- cut and to wash clothes during the week that they served, except for Thursday, when the prohibition was lifted because of Kavod Shabbos.
Did this concession apply to the Anshei-Mishmar, too?

(a) The days on which Megilas Ta'anis forbids even eulogizing, the prohibition extends to the day *before*, according to the Tana Kama.
Why to the day *before* and not to the day *after*?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(c) The days on which only fasting is prohibited, the prohibition is confined to the day itself, but not to the day before and the day after.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(a) We have already learned that a series of fasts never begins on a Thursday, in order not to raise the prices before Shabbos. According to the Tana Kama however, the second set of fasts would begin on Thursday (where the first one had left off).
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(b) Initially, one does not decree a fast on Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah or Purim. Bedieved however, once they began the fasts, should one of them fall on any of these three days, they fasted nevertheless.
That is easily understood in the case of Chanukah and Purim, which are only mi'de'Rabbanan; but why did they not change the date of the fast if it fell on Rosh Chodesh, which is called a 'Mo'ed' min ha'Torah?

(c) The above Halachah is the opinion of Raban Gamliel.
What does Rebbi Meir comment on that?

(d) Which other day does Rebbi Meir incorporate in this list?

(a) During which set of fasts did they take the Aron ha'Kodesh out into the street?

(b) It is evident from the Beraisa that the author of our Mishnah who says that it is *ashes* that they placed on their heads, is Rebbi Yossi.
Why does he insist on *ashes* and not just earth like the Tana Kama of the Beraisa?

(c) From whom do we learn that in matters ...

  1. ... of greatness one begins from the greatest?
  2. ... of punishment one begins from the smallest?
(d) Then how do we explain the fact that, in our Mishnah, they first placed the ashes on the heads of the leading dignitaries and only then on their own heads?
(a) Why did others need to place the ashes on the heads of the leading dignitaries, whilst everybody else placed them on their own heads?

(b) What do we derive from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Lasum la'Aveilei Tzi'on Laseis Lahem Eifer Tachas Pe'er"?

Answers to questions

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