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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Ta'anis 11


(a) How might one be spared from suffering a terrible death in a period of famine?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mikeitz "u'le'Yosef Yulad Sh'nei Banim be'Terem Tavo Sh'nas ha'Ra'av"?

(c) Are there any exceptions to this rule?

(a) What will the two angels who always accompany a person do/say to him if, in time of suffering, he ignores the community and does not share in their suffering?

(b) What does the Beraisa say about someone who goes into his house and indulges whilst the community are starving?

(c) This is what happens when ordinary people sin in this way. When Resha'im sin, the Tzadik dies and nobody cares.
Why is that?

(d) From whom do we learn the obligation to suffer with the community?

3) Everything that a person does is noted, though who testifies is a matter of opinion.
What, in this regard, do the various Tana'im learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Ki Even mi'Kir Tiz'ak, ve'Kafis me'Eitz Ta'anenah" (Chavakuk)?
  2. ... "Ki Mal'achav Yetzaveh Lach" (Tehilim)?
  3. ... "mi'Shocheves Cheikecha Sh'mor Pischei Picha" (Michah)?
  4. ... "Atem Eidai, Ne'um Hashem" (Yeshayah)?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu ...
  1. ... "Keil Emunah"?
  2. ... "ve'Ein Avel"?
  3. ... "Tzadik ve'Yashar Hu"?
  4. .... "be'Yad Kol Adam Yachtom"?
  5. ... "Lema'an Titzdak be'Dovrecha" (Tehilim)?
(b) Shmuel, who maintains that it is sinful to fast, holds like Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapor.
What does Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapor learn from the Pasuk in Naso "ve'Chiper me'Asher Chata al ha'Nefesh"?

(c) What Kal va'Chomer does Shmuel derive from there?

(a) Rebbi Elazar disagrees with Shmuel.
What does he hold?

(b) He learns this from the Pasuk "Kadosh Yihyeh Gadeil Pera Se'ar Rosho".
What Kal va'Chomer does he derive from there?

(c) How does Shmuel explain the Pasuk "Kadosh Yihyeh ... "?

(d) And how does Rebbi Elazar explain the Pasuk "ve'Chiper me'Asher Chata al ha'Nefesh"?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Hoshei'a "be'Kirbecha Kadosh"?

(b) How will he reconcile this with what he just said that someone who fasts is called 'Kadosh'?

(c) Resh Lakish has a third opinion about someone who fasts.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Gomel Nafsho Ish Chesed ve'Ocher She'eiro"?

(d) According to Rav Sheishes, what should a Talmid do with the food that one saves from fasting?

(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba says that there is no Ta'anis-Tzibur in Bavel other than Tish'ah be'Av.
What are the ramifications of this statement?

(b) Why did he forbid Talmidei-Chacham to fast (private fasts)?

(a) What is 'Tefilas Ta'anis'?

(b) According to Rav Huna, does an individual who undertakes to fast, say Tefilas Ta'anis at Shachris ...

  1. ... on the day of his fast after having eaten during the night?
  2. ... on the day after his fast if he did not eat all night following the fast?
(c) Rav Yosef is not certain whether Rav Huna's reason in the latter case, is because he holds that a partial fast is *not* considered a fast at all, or whether it *is* considered a fast, only a partial fast does not warrant Tefilas Ta'anis. Abaye presents a third possibility.
What is it?
(a) When Mar Ukva arrived in Ginzak, they asked him three She'eilos, none of which he was able to answer.
What did they rule in the Beis-Hamedrash (where he presented the She'eilos) with regard to ...
  1. ... someone who fasts part of the day? Is it considered a Ta'anis? Does one say Tefilas Ta'anis?
  2. ... earthenware jars of Nochrim that contained wine?
  3. ... what Moshe Rabeinu wore during the seven days of the Milu'im?
(b) What does Rav Kahanah add to the third answer?

(c) It must have been Mar Ukva about whom we are speaking, and not Rebbi Akiva, because Rebbi Akiva would not have been stumped by such She'eilos. What other proof do we have that it cannot have been Rebbi Akiva?

Answers to questions

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