REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 11
(a) How might one be spared from suffering a terrible death in a period of
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mikeitz "u'le'Yosef Yulad Sh'nei
Banim be'Terem Tavo Sh'nas ha'Ra'av"?
(c) Are there any exceptions to this rule?
(a) What will the two angels who always accompany a person do/say to him if,
in time of suffering, he ignores the community and does not share in their
Everything that a person does is noted, though who testifies is a matter of
(b) What does the Beraisa say about someone who goes into his house and
indulges whilst the community are starving?
(c) This is what happens when ordinary people sin in this way. When
Resha'im sin, the Tzadik dies and nobody cares.
Why is that?
(d) From whom do we learn the obligation to suffer with the community?
What, in this regard, do the various Tana'im learn from the Pasuk
- ... "Ki Even mi'Kir Tiz'ak, ve'Kafis me'Eitz Ta'anenah" (Chavakuk)?
- ... "Ki Mal'achav Yetzaveh Lach" (Tehilim)?
- ... "mi'Shocheves Cheikecha Sh'mor Pischei Picha" (Michah)?
- ... "Atem Eidai, Ne'um Hashem" (Yeshayah)?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu ...
(b) Shmuel, who maintains that it is sinful to fast, holds like Rebbi Elazar
- ... "Keil Emunah"?
- ... "ve'Ein Avel"?
- ... "Tzadik ve'Yashar Hu"?
- .... "be'Yad Kol Adam Yachtom"?
- ... "Lema'an Titzdak be'Dovrecha" (Tehilim)?
What does Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapor learn from the Pasuk in Naso
"ve'Chiper me'Asher Chata al ha'Nefesh"?
(c) What Kal va'Chomer does Shmuel derive from there?
(a) Rebbi Elazar disagrees with Shmuel.
Answers to questions
What does he hold?
(b) He learns this from the Pasuk "Kadosh Yihyeh Gadeil Pera Se'ar Rosho".
What Kal va'Chomer does he derive from there?
(c) How does Shmuel explain the Pasuk "Kadosh Yihyeh ... "?
(d) And how does Rebbi Elazar explain the Pasuk "ve'Chiper me'Asher Chata al
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Hoshei'a "be'Kirbecha
(b) How will he reconcile this with what he just said that someone who fasts
is called 'Kadosh'?
(c) Resh Lakish has a third opinion about someone who fasts.
What does he
learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Gomel Nafsho Ish Chesed ve'Ocher She'eiro"?
(d) According to Rav Sheishes, what should a Talmid do with the food that
one saves from fasting?
(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba says that there is no Ta'anis-Tzibur in Bavel
other than Tish'ah be'Av.
What are the ramifications of this statement?
(b) Why did he forbid Talmidei-Chacham to fast (private fasts)?
(a) What is 'Tefilas Ta'anis'?
(b) According to Rav Huna, does an individual who undertakes to fast, say
Tefilas Ta'anis at Shachris ...
(c) Rav Yosef is not certain whether Rav Huna's reason in the latter case,
is because he holds that a partial fast is *not* considered a fast at all,
or whether it *is* considered a fast, only a partial fast does not warrant
Tefilas Ta'anis. Abaye presents a third possibility.
- ... on the day of his fast after having eaten during the night?
- ... on the day after his fast if he did not eat all night following the fast?
What is it?
(a) When Mar Ukva arrived in Ginzak, they asked him three She'eilos, none of
which he was able to answer.
Answers to questions
What did they rule in the Beis-Hamedrash
(where he presented the She'eilos) with regard to ...
(b) What does Rav Kahanah add to the third answer?
- ... someone who fasts part of the day? Is it considered a Ta'anis? Does one say Tefilas Ta'anis?
- ... earthenware jars of Nochrim that contained wine?
- ... what Moshe Rabeinu wore during the seven days of the Milu'im?
(c) It must have been Mar Ukva about whom we are speaking, and not Rebbi
Akiva, because Rebbi Akiva would not have been stumped by such She'eilos.
What other proof do we have that it cannot have been Rebbi Akiva?